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Objective: generate mercator tiles 256x256 from a huge jpeg2000 image.
Tool used: gdal2tiles.py
GDAL version: 3.2.2
Command line: gdal2tiles.py -z 19 -r [any] image.jp2 tiles/
Source image: image.jp2 is in CRS Lambert93 (2154), coming from IGN ORTHO-HR open database (resolution 20 cm per pixel) https://geoservices.ign.fr/documentation/diffusion/telechargement-donnees-libres.html#ortho-irc50cm-et-hr
Problem: there are some cracks in all tiles generated, visible on road or building edges (as shown in illustration). The artefact doesn't depend on the resampling method used.
Illustration: enter image description here

The samples are 256x256 pixels tiles, generated with gdal2tiles, with different -r options. 1_original.png is an extract (done with QGIS) from jp2 original image, for the same area than the tile.
The source CRS is well defined in source image metadata, so I don't use -s option on command line to specify it (I tried, but it doesn't change anything as expected).

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    Maybe the change of CRS (Lamber93 to 3857) introduces some distortions... – JGH Mar 16 at 19:11
  • Is there a way to avoid these distorsions? – kleio12345 Mar 16 at 19:12
  • Some interpolation methods are better/worst than others. (sorry, I can't give you a definitive solution) – JGH Mar 16 at 19:17
  • If you mean -r option of gdal2tiles, I tried all of them without any influence on the artefact (as it can be seen in the illustration) – kleio12345 Mar 16 at 19:28
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    Try gdalwarp -of VRT -t_srs epsg:3857 image.jp2 image.vrt and run gdal2tiles on that vrt file. Probably there is no difference. What JPEG2000 driver do you use? – user30184 Mar 16 at 20:06
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Thanks to user30184, I got better results using gdalwarp before gdal2tiles:

Step 1:

gdalwarp -of VRT -s_srs EPSG:2154 -t_srs EPSG:3857 -r average -srcnodata "255 255 255" -dstnodata "255 255 255" image.jp2 image.vrt

Step 2:

gdal2tiles.py -z 19 -r average image.vrt ./tiles

New result obtained for the sample tile:
enter image description here

Remaining question: is there a need to use a second time -r average in gdal2tiles command, as resampling should have been done by gdalwarp?

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