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I have latitude and longitude coordinates for India from Google Maps in degrees and radius in meters as displayed below: enter image description here

I want to create a shapefile of circles with given radius. I know about Analysis - Buffer tool, my problem is mostly about projection because the circles look very large, though the radius is half kilometer only. I don't know which projection to use to display the BUFF_DIST in meters and correctly display my data.

I tried Indian_1975_UTM_Zone_48N and the circle covers the whole India. I guess the problem is whether it assumes the radius in meters or km.

How can I project correctly Indian coordinates? I am using ArcMap 10.4.1

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    Your coordinates are WGS84 aka EPSG:4326. This uses degree as unit. Buffers are created using the layers CRS - hence you need to save your data to a m-based CRS and then create the buffers. – Erik Apr 1 at 13:39
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    I've never had an issue generating geodetic buffers with ArcGIS. I'm pretty sure you just need to specify the units correctly. – Vince Apr 1 at 14:08
  • I changed the projection of XY data and the data frame to WGS_1984_World_Mercator and now Buffer works. I think now the BUFF_DIST is correctly displayed in meters because circles are small. Thank you very much! – user173192 Apr 1 at 18:49
  • You pretty much never want to use Web Mercator for distance calculation (it's always wrong). – Vince Apr 2 at 0:31
  • And which projection to use? I checked some distances in Google maps and the error is about 30-40 km. – user173192 Apr 3 at 7:47

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