0

I am trying to create a 3d map in QGIS 3.12.3 using v.to.3d, I have Grass installed and have Height values stored in the attribute table of the 'Habitats [EPSG:4326]' layer I am trying to make 3d. When I run this through v.to.3d this is the response I receive:

QGIS version: 3.12.3-București
QGIS code revision: 8234261527
Qt version: 5.11.2
GDAL version: 3.0.4
GEOS version: 3.8.1-CAPI-1.13.3
PROJ version: Rel. 6.3.2, May 1st, 2020
Processing algorithm…
Algorithm 'v.to.3d' starting…
Input parameters:
{ '-r' : False, '-t' : False, 'GRASS_MIN_AREA_PARAMETER' : 0.0001, 'GRASS_OUTPUT_TYPE_PARAMETER' : 0, 'GRASS_REGION_PARAMETER' : None, 'GRASS_SNAP_TOLERANCE_PARAMETER' : -1, 'GRASS_VECTOR_DSCO' : '', 'GRASS_VECTOR_EXPORT_NOCAT' : False, 'GRASS_VECTOR_LCO' : '', 'column' : 'Height', 'height' : None, 'input' : 'C:/Users/user/Desktop/LakeProject/Habitats.shp', 'output' : 'TEMPORARY_OUTPUT', 'type' : [0,1,2,3] }

g.proj -c proj4="+proj=longlat +datum=WGS84 +no_defs"
v.in.ogr min_area=0.0001 snap=-1.0 input="C:\Users\user\Desktop\LakeProject\Habitats.shp" output="vector_6064c1b33c0b88" --overwrite -o
g.region n=37.78757493408765 s=37.786860653618696 e=-122.46628277404538 w=-122.46736208177902
v.to.3d input=vector_6064c1b33c0b88 type="point,line,boundary,centroid" column=Height output=output44f423749e334146bd0b61f2bd3c9837 --overwrite
v.out.ogr type="auto" input="output44f423749e334146bd0b61f2bd3c9837" output="C:\Users\user\AppData\Local\Temp\processing_avIvGR\036287ea21bc449d8ac1e2a6646b5a83\output.gpkg" format="GPKG" --overwrite
The system cannot find the file C:\rtools40\Version.txt.
Starting GRASS GIS...
WARNING: Concurrent mapset locking is not supported on Windows
Cleaning up temporary files...
Executing <C:\Users\user\AppData\Local\Temp\processing_avIvGR\grassdata\grass_batch_job.cmd> ...
C:\Users\user\Documents>chcp 1252 1>NUL
C:\Users\user\Documents>g.proj -c proj4="+proj=longlat +datum=WGS84 +no_defs"
Default region was updated to the new projection, but if you have multiple mapsets `g.region -d` should be run in each to update the region from the default
Projection information updated
C:\Users\user\Documents>v.in.ogr min_area=0.0001 snap=-1.0 input="C:\Users\user\Desktop\LakeProject\Habitats.shp" output="vector_6064c1b33c0b88" --overwrite -o
Over-riding projection check
Check if OGR layer <Habitats> contains polygons...
0..3..5..7..9..12..14..16..18..20..23..25..27..29..32..34..36..38..40..43..45..47..49..52..54..56..58..60..63..65..67..69..72..74..76..78..80..83..85..87..89..92..94..96..98..100
Creating attribute table for layer <Habitats>...
Column name <Common nam> renamed to <Common_nam>
Column name <Species na> renamed to <Species_na>
Column name <Native?> renamed to <Native_>
Importing 55 features (OGR layer <Habitats>)...
0..3..5..7..9..12..14..16..18..20..23..25..27..29..32..34..36..38..40..43..45..47..49..52..54..56..58..60..63..65..67..69..72..74..76..78..80..83..85..87..89..92..94..96..98..100
-----------------------------------------------------
Registering primitives...
-----------------------------------------------------
Cleaning polygons
-----------------------------------------------------
Breaking polygons...
Breaking polygons (pass 1: select break points)...
1..3..5..7..10..12..14..17..19..21..24..26..28..31..33..35..38..40..42..45..47..49..52..54..56..59..61..63..66..68..70..73..75..77..80..82..84..87..89..91..94..96..98..100
Breaking polygons (pass 2: break at selected points)...
1..3..5..7..10..12..14..17..19..21..24..26..28..31..33..35..38..40..42..45..47..49..52..54..56..59..61..63..66..68..70..73..75..77..80..82..84..87..89..91..94..96..98..100
-----------------------------------------------------
Removing duplicates...
1..3..5..7..9..11..13..15..17..19..21..23..25..27..29..31..33..35..37..39..41..43..45..47..49..51..53..55..57..59..61..63..65..67..69..71..73..75..77..79..81..83..85..87..89..91..93..95..97..99..100
-----------------------------------------------------
Breaking boundaries...
0..2..4..6..8..10..12..14..16..18..20..22..24..26..28..30..32..34..36..38..40..42..44..46..48..50..52..54..56..58..60..62..64..66..68..70..72..74..76..78..80..82..84..86..88..90..92..94..96..98..100
-----------------------------------------------------
Removing duplicates...
1..3..5..7..9..11..13..15..17..19..21..23..25..27..29..31..33..35..37..39..41..43..45..47..49..51..53..55..57..59..61..63..65..67..69..71..73..75..77..79..81..83..85..87..89..91..93..95..97..99..100
-----------------------------------------------------
Cleaning boundaries at nodes...
1..3..5..7..9..11..13..15..17..19..21..23..25..27..29..31..33..35..37..39..41..43..45..47..49..51..53..55..57..59..61..63..65..67..69..71..73..75..77..79..81..83..85..87..89..91..93..95..97..99..100
-----------------------------------------------------
Breaking boundaries...
0..2..4..6..8..10..12..14..16..18..20..22..24..26..28..30..32..34..36..38..40..42..44..46..48..50..52..54..56..58..60..62..64..66..68..70..72..74..76..78..80..82..84..86..88..90..92..94..96..98..100
-----------------------------------------------------
Removing duplicates...
1..3..5..7..9..11..13..15..17..19..21..23..25..27..29..31..33..35..37..39..41..43..45..47..49..51..53..55..57..59..61..63..65..67..69..71..73..75..77..79..81..83..85..87..89..91..93..95..97..99..100
-----------------------------------------------------
Cleaning boundaries at nodes...
1..3..5..7..9..11..13..15..17..19..21..23..25..27..29..31..33..35..37..39..41..43..45..47..49..51..53..55..57..59..61..63..65..67..69..71..73..75..77..79..81..83..85..87..89..91..93..95..97..99..100
-----------------------------------------------------
Merging boundaries...
2..5..8..11..14..17..20..23..26..29..32..35..38..41..44..47..50..53..56..59..62..65..68..71..74..77..80..83..86..89..92..95..98..100
-----------------------------------------------------
Removing dangles...
1..3..5..7..9..11..13..15..17..19..21..23..25..27..29..31..33..35..37..39..41..43..45..47..49..51..53..55..57..59..61..63..65..67..69..71..73..75..77..79..81..83..85..87..89..91..93..95..97..99..100
-----------------------------------------------------
Building areas...
0..2..4..6..8..10..12..14..16..18..20..22..24..26..28..30..32..34..36..-----------------------------------------------------
Removing bridges...
38..40..42..44..46..48..50..52..54..56..58..60..62..64..66..68..70..72..74..76..78..80..82..84..86..88..90..92..94..96..98..100
-----------------------------------------------------
Registering primitives...
Building areas...
0..2..4..6..8..10..12..14..16..18..20..22..24..26..28..30..32..34..36..38..40..42..44..46..48..50..52..54..56..58..60..62..64..66..68..70..72..74..76..78..80..82..84..86..88..90..92..94..96..98..100
Attaching islands...
0..25..50..75..100
-----------------------------------------------------
Finding centroids for OGR layer <Habitats>...
0..3..7..10..14..18..21..25..29..32..36..40..43..47..50..54..58..61..65..69..72..76..80..83..87..90..94..98..100
-----------------------------------------------------
Writing centroids...
2..5..8..11..14..17..20..23..26..29..32..35..38..41..44..47..50..53..56..59..62..65..68..71..74..77..80..83..86..89..92..95..98..100
-----------------------------------------------------
56 input polygons
Total area: 3101.68 (100 areas)
Overlapping area: 5.079 (28 areas)
Area without category: 0.487711 (15 areas)
-----------------------------------------------------
Copying features...
2..5..8..11..14..17..20..23..26..29..32..35..38..41..44..47..50..53..56..59..62..65..68..71..74..77..80..83..86..89..92..95..98..100
Building topology for vector map <vector_6064c1b33c0b88@PERMANENT>...
Registering primitives...
Building areas...
0..2..4..6..8..10..12..14..16..18..20..22..24..26..28..30..32..34..36..38..40..42..44..46..48..50..52..54..56..58..60..62..64..66..68..70..72..74..76..78..80..82..84..86..88..90..92..94..96..98..100
Attaching islands...
0..25..50..75..100
Attaching centroids...
0..2..4..7..9..11..14..16..18..20..22..24..27..29..31..34..36..38..40..42..44..47..49..51..54..56..58..60..62..64..67..69..71..74..76..78..80..82..84..87..89..91..94..96..98..100
-----------------------------------------------------
28 areas represent multiple (overlapping) features, because polygons overlap in input layer(s). Such areas are linked to more than 1 row in attribute table. The number of features for those areas is stored as category in layer 2
-----------------------------------------------------
If overlapping is not desired, the input data can be cleaned by snapping vertices to each other.
Estimated range of snapping threshold: [1e-013, 0.0001]
C:\Users\user\Documents>g.region n=37.78757493408765 s=37.786860653618696 e=-122.46628277404538 w=-122.46736208177902
C:\Users\user\Documents>v.to.3d input=vector_6064c1b33c0b88 type="point,line,boundary,centroid" column=Height output=output44f423749e334146bd0b61f2bd3c9837 --overwrite
Fetching height from <Height> column...
Transforming features...
Copying attributes...
Building topology for vector map <output44f423749e334146bd0b61f2bd3c9837@PERMANENT>...
Registering primitives...
WARNING: Number of centroids exceeds number of areas: 85 > 0
WARNING: Number of centroids outside area: 85
Vertical extent of vector map <output44f423749e334146bd0b61f2bd3c9837>: B: 1.000000 T: 200.000000
C:\Users\user\Documents>v.out.ogr type="auto" input="output44f423749e334146bd0b61f2bd3c9837" output="C:\Users\user\AppData\Local\Temp\processing_avIvGR\036287ea21bc449d8ac1e2a6646b5a83\output.gpkg" format="GPKG" --overwrite
WARNING: Unable to determine input map's vector feature type(s).
WARNING: 85 centroids found, but not requested to be exported. Verify 'type' parameter.
WARNING: Vector map <output44f423749e334146bd0b61f2bd3c9837> is 3D. Use format specific layer creation options (parameter 'lco') to export <in 3D rather than 2D (default).
WARNING: Output layer is empty, no features written
v.out.ogr complete. 0 features (Unknown (any) type) written to <output44f423749e334146bd0b61f2bd3c9837> (GPKG format).
C:\Users\user\Documents>exit
Execution of <C:\Users\user\AppData\Local\Temp\processing_avIvGR\grassdata\grass_batch_job.cmd> finished.
Cleaning up default sqlite database ...
Cleaning up temporary files...
ERROR: Variable 'LOCATION_NAME' not set
Execution completed in 7.55 seconds
Results:
{'output': <QgsProcessingOutputLayerDefinition {'sink':TEMPORARY_OUTPUT, 'createOptions': {'fileEncoding': 'System'}}>}

Loading resulting layers
Algorithm 'v.to.3d' finished

I tried 'setzvalue' and ran this through 'v.to.3d'. This also did not work. This is the response:

QGIS code revision: 8234261527
Qt version: 5.11.2
GDAL version: 3.0.4
GEOS version: 3.8.1-CAPI-1.13.3
PROJ version: Rel. 6.3.2, May 1st, 2020
Processing algorithm…
Algorithm 'v.to.3d' starting…
Input parameters:
{ '-r' : False, '-t' : False, 'GRASS_MIN_AREA_PARAMETER' : 0.0001, 'GRASS_OUTPUT_TYPE_PARAMETER' : 0, 'GRASS_REGION_PARAMETER' : None, 'GRASS_SNAP_TOLERANCE_PARAMETER' : -1, 'GRASS_VECTOR_DSCO' : '', 'GRASS_VECTOR_EXPORT_NOCAT' : False, 'GRASS_VECTOR_LCO' : '', 'column' : 'Height', 'height' : None, 'input' : 'MultiPolygonZ?crs=EPSG:4326&field=Common%20nam:string(80,0)&field=Type:string(80,0)&field=Family:string(80,0)&field=Species%20na:string(80,0)&field=Native%3F:string(80,0)&field=Count:integer(9,0)&field=area:double(10,3)&field=Height:integer(9,0)&uid={b1fe6523-b273-4151-a591-eab708491441}', 'output' : 'TEMPORARY_OUTPUT', 'type' : [0,1,2,3] }

g.proj -c proj4="+proj=longlat +datum=WGS84 +no_defs"
v.in.ogr min_area=0.0001 snap=-1.0 input="C:\Users\user\AppData\Local\Temp\processing_avIvGR\9f7b0bb10dfa41caa5e1af9b3b58d710\input.shp" output="vector_6064c16a802c47" --overwrite -o
g.region n=37.78757493408765 s=37.786860653618696 e=-122.46628277404538 w=-122.46736208177902
v.to.3d input=vector_6064c16a802c47 type="point,line,boundary,centroid" column=Height output=outputb2265b6f9e1246a3a2a4af54327fd670 --overwrite
v.out.ogr type="auto" input="outputb2265b6f9e1246a3a2a4af54327fd670" output="C:\Users\user\AppData\Local\Temp\processing_avIvGR\35a2a43d3c87434ba77218f43b130b9c\output.gpkg" format="GPKG" --overwrite
The system cannot find the file C:\rtools40\Version.txt.
Starting GRASS GIS...
WARNING: Concurrent mapset locking is not supported on Windows
Cleaning up temporary files...
Executing <C:\Users\user\AppData\Local\Temp\processing_avIvGR\grassdata\grass_batch_job.cmd> ...
C:\Users\user\Documents>chcp 1252 1>NUL
C:\Users\user\Documents>g.proj -c proj4="+proj=longlat +datum=WGS84 +no_defs"
Default region was updated to the new projection, but if you have multiple mapsets `g.region -d` should be run in each to update the region from the default
Projection information updated
C:\Users\user\Documents>v.in.ogr min_area=0.0001 snap=-1.0 input="C:\Users\user\AppData\Local\Temp\processing_avIvGR\9f7b0bb10dfa41caa5e1af9b3b58d710\input.shp" output="vector_6064c16a802c47" --overwrite -o
Over-riding projection check
Check if OGR layer <input> contains polygons...
0..3..5..7..9..12..14..16..18..20..23..25..27..29..32..34..36..38..40..43..45..47..49..52..54..56..58..60..63..65..67..69..72..74..76..78..80..83..85..87..89..92..94..96..98..100
Creating attribute table for layer <input>...
Column name <Common nam> renamed to <Common_nam>
Column name <Species na> renamed to <Species_na>
Column name <Native?> renamed to <Native_>
Importing 55 features (OGR layer <input>)...
0..3..5..7..9..12..14..16..18..20..23..25..27..29..32..34..36..38..40..43..45..47..49..52..54..56..58..60..63..65..67..69..72..74..76..78..80..83..85..87..89..92..94..96..98..100
-----------------------------------------------------
Registering primitives...
-----------------------------------------------------
Cleaning polygons
-----------------------------------------------------
Breaking polygons...
Breaking polygons (pass 1: select break points)...
1..3..5..7..10..12..14..17..19..21..24..26..28..31..33..35..38..40..42..45..47..49..52..54..56..59..61..63..66..68..70..73..75..77..80..82..84..87..89..91..94..96..98..100
Breaking polygons (pass 2: break at selected points)...
1..3..5..7..10..12..14..17..19..21..24..26..28..31..33..35..38..40..42..45..47..49..52..54..56..59..61..63..66..68..70..73..75..77..80..82..84..87..89..91..94..96..98..100
-----------------------------------------------------
Removing duplicates...
1..3..5..7..9..11..13..15..17..19..21..23..25..27..29..31..33..35..37..39..41..43..45..47..49..51..53..55..57..59..61..63..65..67..69..71..73..75..77..79..81..83..85..87..89..91..93..95..97..99..100
-----------------------------------------------------
Breaking boundaries...
0..2..4..6..8..10..12..14..16..18..20..22..24..26..28..30..32..34..36..38..40..42..44..46..48..50..52..54..56..58..60..62..64..66..68..70..72..74..76..78..80..82..84..86..88..90..92..94..96..98..100
-----------------------------------------------------
Removing duplicates...
1..3..5..7..9..11..13..15..17..19..21..23..25..27..29..31..33..35..37..39..41..43..45..47..49..51..53..55..57..59..61..63..65..67..69..71..73..75..77..79..81..83..85..87..89..91..93..95..97..99..100
-----------------------------------------------------
Cleaning boundaries at nodes...
1..3..5..7..9..11..13..15..17..19..21..23..25..27..29..31..33..35..37..39..41..43..45..47..49..51..53..55..57..59..61..63..65..67..69..71..73..75..77..79..81..83..85..87..89..91..93..95..97..99..100
-----------------------------------------------------
Breaking boundaries...
0..2..4..6..8..10..12..14..16..18..20..22..24..26..28..30..32..34..36..38..40..42..44..46..48..50..52..54..56..58..60..62..64..66..68..70..72..74..76..78..80..82..84..86..88..90..92..94..96..98..100
-----------------------------------------------------
Removing duplicates...
1..3..5..7..9..11..13..15..17..19..21..23..25..27..29..31..33..35..37..39..41..43..45..47..49..51..53..55..57..59..61..63..65..67..69..71..73..75..77..79..81..83..85..87..89..91..93..95..97..99..100
-----------------------------------------------------
Cleaning boundaries at nodes...
1..3..5..7..9..11..13..15..17..19..21..23..25..27..29..31..33..35..37..39..41..43..45..47..49..51..53..55..57..59..61..63..65..67..69..71..73..75..77..79..81..83..85..87..89..91..93..95..97..99..100
-----------------------------------------------------
Breaking boundaries...
0..2..4..6..8..10..12..14..16..18..20..22..24..26..28..30..32..34..36..38..40..42..44..46..48..50..52..54..56..58..60..62..64..66..68..70..72..74..76..78..80..82..84..86..88..90..92..94..96..98..100
-----------------------------------------------------
Removing duplicates...
1..3..5..7..9..11..13..15..17..19..21..23..25..27..29..31..33..35..37..39..41..43..45..47..49..51..53..55..57..59..61..63..65..67..69..71..73..75..77..79..81..83..85..87..89..91..93..95..97..99..100
-----------------------------------------------------
Cleaning boundaries at nodes...
1..3..5..7..9..11..13..15..17..19..21..23..25..27..29..31..33..35..37..39..41..43..45..47..49..51..53..55..57..59..61..63..65..67..69..71..73..75..77..79..81..83..85..87..89..91..93..95..97..99..100
-----------------------------------------------------
Merging boundaries...
2..5..8..11..14..17..20..23..26..29..32..35..38..41..44..47..50..53..56..59..62..65..68..71..74..77..80..83..86..89..92..95..98..100
-----------------------------------------------------
Removing dangles...
1..3..5..7..9..11..13..15..17..19..21..23..25..27..29..31..33..35..37..39..41..43..45..47..49..51..53..55..57..59..61..63..65..67..69..71..73..75..77..79..81..83..85..87..89..91..93..95..97..99..100
-----------------------------------------------------
Building areas...
0..2..4..6..8..10..12..14..16..18..20..22..24..26..28..30..32..34..36..38..40..42..44..46..48..WARNING: Number of incorrect boundaries: 117
-----------------------------------------------------
Removing bridges...
50..52..54..56..58..60..62..64..66..68..70..72..74..76..78..80..82..84..86..88..90..92..94..96..98..100
-----------------------------------------------------
Registering primitives...
Building areas...
0..2..4..6..8..10..12..14..16..18..20..22..24..26..28..30..32..34..36..38..40..42..44..46..48..50..52..54..56..58..60..62..64..66..68..70..72..74..76..78..80..82..84..86..88..90..92..94..96..98..100
WARNING: Number of incorrect boundaries: 415
-----------------------------------------------------
Finding centroids for OGR layer <input>...
0..3..7..10..14..18..21..25..29..32..36..40..43..47..50..54..58..61..65..69..72..76..80..83..87..90..94..98..100
-----------------------------------------------------
Writing centroids...
33..66..100
-----------------------------------------------------
56 input polygons
Total area: 55.1933 (3 areas)
Area without category: 0.0278723 (1 areas)
-----------------------------------------------------
Copying features...
2..5..8..11..14..17..20..23..26..29..32..35..38..41..44..47..50..53..56..59..62..65..68..71..74..77..80..83..86..89..92..95..98..100
Building topology for vector map <vector_6064c16a802c47@PERMANENT>...
Registering primitives...
Building areas...
0..2..4..6..8..10..12..14..16..18..20..22..24..26..28..30..32..34..36..38..40..42..44..46..48..50..52..54..56..58..60..62..64..66..68..70..72..74..76..78..80..82..84..86..88..90..92..94..96..98..100
Attaching islands...
0..25..50..75..100
Attaching centroids...
0..50..100
WARNING: Number of incorrect boundaries: 117
-----------------------------------------------------
WARNING: The output contains topological errors:
Number of incorrect boundaries: 117
The input could be cleaned by snapping vertices to each other.
Estimated range of snapping threshold: [1e-013, 0.0001]
Try to import again, snapping with 1e-009: 'snap=1e-009'
C:\Users\user\Documents>g.region n=37.78757493408765 s=37.786860653618696 e=-122.46628277404538 w=-122.46736208177902
C:\Users\user\Documents>v.to.3d input=vector_6064c16a802c47 type="point,line,boundary,centroid" column=Height output=outputb2265b6f9e1246a3a2a4af54327fd670 --overwrite
ERROR: Vector map <vector_6064c16a802c47> is 3D
C:\Users\user\Documents>v.out.ogr type="auto" input="outputb2265b6f9e1246a3a2a4af54327fd670" output="C:\Users\user\AppData\Local\Temp\processing_avIvGR\35a2a43d3c87434ba77218f43b130b9c\output.gpkg" format="GPKG" --overwrite
ERROR: Vector map <outputb2265b6f9e1246a3a2a4af54327fd670> not found
C:\Users\user\Documents>exit
Execution of <C:\Users\user\AppData\Local\Temp\processing_avIvGR\grassdata\grass_batch_job.cmd> finished.
Cleaning up default sqlite database ...
Cleaning up temporary files...
Press any key to continue . . .
Execution completed in 7.08 seconds
Results:
{'output': <QgsProcessingOutputLayerDefinition {'sink':TEMPORARY_OUTPUT, 'createOptions': {'fileEncoding': 'System'}}>}

Loading resulting layers
The following layers were not correctly generated.<ul><li>C:/Users/user/AppData/Local/Temp/processing_avIvGR/35a2a43d3c87434ba77218f43b130b9c/output.gpkg</li></ul>You can check the 'Log Messages Panel'

I receive two very different responses.

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.