In QGIS 3.16.5-Hannover, with pyqgis I wan't to get the provider name of a selected layer. I need to know if it's an ESRI Shapefile layer or a POSTGIS layer for example.


I don't see how to get this value in QgsProviderRegistry, or in QgsVectorDataProvider.

I try this :

# Get the name of a selected layer from a combo box
selectedLayerName = self.mMapLayerComboBox.currentText()
layer = QgsProject.instance().mapLayersByName(selectedLayerName)[0]

# Could it be something like this ?
layerProvider = layer.getProvider()

Is there a way with pyqgis to know the provider of a selected vector layer ? (like metadata informations)

  • For a QgsVectorLayer, that is indeed the way to get the provider. You add features to the provider to put them in the layer. – wingnut Apr 15 at 8:13
  • And how to get the source type of a vector layer with PyQGIS ? (ESRI Shapefile, PostGIS...) – GeoGyro Apr 15 at 8:16

To get the information (storage) which you have highlighted in your screenshot you could use:

selectedLayerName = self.mMapLayerComboBox.currentText()
layer = QgsProject.instance().mapLayersByName(selectedLayerName)[0]
layerProvider = layer.dataProvider()
layerStorage = layerProvider.storageType()

The storageType() method, according to the docs:

Returns the permanent storage type for this layer as a friendly name.

So you will get values like:


"ESRI Shapefile"

"MapInfo File"

  • 1
    storageType(), cool! Should have a deeper look in the docs next time :-) – Jochen Schwarze Apr 15 at 8:53
  • 1
    Great answer, exactly what I expected. – GeoGyro Apr 15 at 9:17

For the selected Layer in the Layer tree:

my_lyr = iface.activeLayer()

For your combo-Box:

my_lyr = mMapLayerComboBox.currentLayer()

Get the data provider:

dp = my_lyr.dataProvider()

Get the provider name:

name = dp.name()

Will return something like ogr, wms, postgres, ...

For deeper insights I recommend the data source specification:

uri = dp.uri()

Will give you e.g.

<QgsDataSourceUri: crs='EPSG:3857&format&type=xyz&url=http://tile.openstreetmap.org/%7Bz%7D/%7Bx%7D/%7By%7D.png&zmax=19&zmin=0'> (wms) or

<QgsDataSourceUri: /home/jxxxxx/Dokumente/QGIS/.../.../my_document.ods|layername='my layer'> (ogr)

  • That's it. In my example I get ogr for ESRI Shapefiles or postgres values for PostgreSQL/PostGIS database layers. – GeoGyro Apr 15 at 8:30
  • @Ben W's answer solves your issue better than mine – Jochen Schwarze Apr 15 at 8:55

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