I'm beginner to python. Each directory has two rasters named A.tiff and B.tiff. I need to subtract B.tiff from A.tiff and store the resultant file in the same directory. The directory paths are named by their date of creation(ex: /home/hash/images/20210121T123308/*A.tiff"). In a similar way I have directories created for each week from January with files A and B. Below is my example code to fetch A and B's path

import glob
A_path = glob.glob("/home/hash/images/**/*A.tiff", recursive = True)
B_path= glob.glob(("/home/hash/images/**/*B.tiff", recursive = True)

Note: Both the file's metadata are same.

  • You should find this answer useful for doing it with gdal gis.stackexchange.com/a/285685/72647 Once you have your A and B as arrays, it is simple as A-B for the calculation. This answer will show you how to open and save as tiffs that have projection info of original.
    – Beardsley
    Apr 22, 2021 at 5:48

1 Answer 1


Here is an example: https://www.earthdatascience.org/courses/use-data-open-source-python/intro-raster-data-python/raster-data-processing/subtract-rasters-in-python/

If they have the same CRS/resolution/boundary:

import rioxarray
lidar_dem_xr = rxr.open_rasterio(lidar_dem_path, masked=True).squeeze()
lidar_dsm_xr = rxr.open_rasterio(lidar_dsm_path, masked=True).squeeze()
lidar_chm_xr = lidar_dsm_xr - lidar_dem_xr

Otherwise, you may need to use rio.reproject_match: https://corteva.github.io/rioxarray/stable/examples/reproject_match.html

If you use reproject match, you may need to use assign_coords to make the coordinates the exact same: https://github.com/corteva/rioxarray/issues/298#issuecomment-820559379

Here is an example of raster calculations using reproject match: https://carpentries-incubator.github.io/geospatial-python/07-raster-calculations/index.html

  • Hi , I have tried doing it but my kernel is getting restarted (dying ) always when it's trying to perform that calculation. Apr 22, 2021 at 8:41
  • Are you able to run the calculation using python without a Jupiter notebook?
    – snowman2
    Apr 22, 2021 at 12:45
  • My raster files have zero values, willthat cause an issue? Apr 22, 2021 at 14:29
  • That shouldn't cause an issue. How is your memory in the computer? Are the rasters large?
    – snowman2
    Apr 22, 2021 at 14:33
  • What is the size of your RAM (memory)?
    – snowman2
    Apr 22, 2021 at 14:40

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