I am trying to find the shortest paths given a number of points with a specific order for each path. Specifically, my point data have the following format:

enter image description here

I used the approved solution given in Routing with several stops using QGIS, and it works perfectly if my data have only 1 route.

How can I modify the proposed script for making it work for several routes?

1 Answer 1


You can use this script: (Reference)

networkLayer = QgsProject.instance().mapLayersByName('networkLayerName')[0]
pointLayer = QgsProject.instance().mapLayersByName('pointLayerName')[0]

output_folder = "/path/to/a/folder" # ADD A FOLDER PATH

route_field_index = pointLayer.fields().indexFromName('route')
unique_routes = pointLayer.uniqueValues(route_field_index)

for unique_route in unique_routes:


    stops = []
    for feat in pointLayer.selectedFeatures():
        stops.append((feat['stop'], feat.geometry().asPoint()))

    #sort by order column
    stops.sort(key=lambda x: x[0])
    paths = []
    for i, (order, point) in enumerate(stops[0:-1]):
        endPoint = stops[i + 1][1]
        parameters = {'INPUT': networkLayer,
                      'STRATEGY': 0,
                      'DIRECTION_FIELD': '',
                      'VALUE_FORWARD': '',
                      'VALUE_BACKWARD': '',
                      'VALUE_BOTH': '',
                      'DEFAULT_DIRECTION': 2,
                      'SPEED_FIELD': '',
                      'DEFAULT_SPEED': 50.0,
                      'TOLERANCE': 20.0,
                      'START_POINT': point,
                      'END_POINT': endPoint,
                      'OUTPUT': 'memory:'}

        path = processing.run('qgis:shortestpathpointtopoint', parameters)['OUTPUT']
    output = f'{output_folder}/{unique_route}.shp'
    pathsMerged = processing.run('qgis:mergevectorlayers',
                                 {'LAYERS': paths,
                                  'OUTPUT': output})['OUTPUT']
    vlayer = QgsVectorLayer(pathsMerged, str(unique_route), 'ogr')

enter image description here

I didn't merge the route layers. You may need to merge them.

  • Thank you a lot! However I am getting that error: Traceback (most recent call last): File "C:\PROGRA~1\QGIS3~1.6\apps\Python37\lib\code.py", line 90, in runcode exec(code, self.locals) File "<input>", line 1, in <module> File "<string>", line 8, in <module> NameError: name 'stop_field_index' is not defined
    – Anas.S
    Feb 10, 2022 at 11:42
  • 1
    My mistake. Change stop_field_index to route_field_index . Feb 10, 2022 at 11:44
  • Now I am getting that error during the first time:
    – Anas.S
    Feb 10, 2022 at 11:56
  • 1
    I don't know why, but it works at the second run. Feb 10, 2022 at 12:02
  • 1
    Yes, You need to provide an order to the script. Otherwise, it cannot know the order. The order have to be sortable by the script. 2>15>7>1>20 is not sortable. Feb 10, 2022 at 12:20

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