My goal is to write a standalone Python script in QGIS 3.10.4 to automate the export of layouts as images. I want it to have the same result as opening a particular project in QGIS, opening a layout in the project, and exporting that layout as an image. It's almost working! But unfortunately I am able to get an image that only has 1 of the 3 layers I want.

What it looks like if I manually export from within the QGIS app:

enter image description here

What the image exported by my code looks like:

enter image description here

In fact, if I run my code in the Python console in the QGIS app, it works (all layers are in the image). This makes me think there may be something else I need to do to force the layers to render before I export. However, the example code illustrating exporting using a print layout in the PyQGIS Developer Cookbook doesn't do anything special that I can see.

My code:

from qgis.core import (

# Supply path to qgis install location
QgsApplication.setPrefixPath("/usr", True)

# Create a reference to the QgsApplication.  Setting the
# second argument to False disables the GUI.
qgs = QgsApplication([], False)

project = QgsProject.instance()

layout_manager = project.layoutManager()
for layout in layout_manager.printLayouts():
    exporter = QgsLayoutExporter(layout)
    layout_name = layout.name()
    export_path = layout_name + ".pdf"
    print("Exporting layout {} to {}".format(layout_name, export_path))
    exporter.exportToPdf(export_path, QgsLayoutExporter.PdfExportSettings())

# Finally, exitQgis() is called to remove the
# provider and layer registries from memory

Adding a few more details about the layers I'm using:

The project CRS is EPSG: 3857, and the map has 2 layers.

The base map is an OpenStreetMap layer:

Property Value
Name OpenStreetMap
Source crs=EPSG:3857&format&type=xyz&url=https://tile.openstreetmap.org/%7Bz%7D/%7Bx%7D/%7By%7D.png&zmax=19&zmin=0
CRS EPSG:3857 - WGS 84 / Pseudo-Mercator - Projected

The other layer, the one that doesn't display, is GeoJSON:

Property Value
Name interference
Path /home/wiseman/src/gnss-interference-map/gnss-interference.json
Storage GeoJSON
Encoding UTF-8
Geometry Polygon (Polygon)
CRS EPSG:4326 - WGS 84 - Geographic
Unit degrees
Feature count 67,640

2 Answers 2


The solution was to update to QGIS 3.24, which solved the problem.


This plugin will help you export layouts (python API supported):


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