I am trying to download some Dutch open data through a WFS, but I get a DriverError. It seems to be a geopandas problem, but I cannot find or think of a solution. I'll provide my code below and hopefully someone can identify my problem.

Code (optained from this question: Reading data to geopandas using WFS?):

from requests import Request
from owslib.wfs import WebFeatureService

# URL for WFS backend
url = "https://geodata.nationaalgeoregister.nl/natura2000/wfs?request=GetCapabilities&service=wfs"

# Initialize
wfs = WebFeatureService(url=url)

# Get data from WFS
# -----------------

# Fetch the last available layer (as an example) --> 'vaestoruutu:vaki2017_5km'
layer = list(wfs.contents)[-1]

# Specify the parameters for fetching the data
params = dict(service='WFS', version="1.0.0", request='GetFeature',
      typeName=layer, outputFormat='json')

# Parse the URL with parameters
q = Request('GET', url, params=params).prepare().url

# Read data from URL
data = gpd.read_file(q)

The error message:

     22 q = Request('GET', url, params=params).prepare().url
     24 # Read data from URL
---> 25 data = gpd.read_file(q)

File ~\Anaconda3\envs\PDOK\lib\site-packages\geopandas\io\file.py:160, in _read_file(filename, bbox, mask, rows, **kwargs)
    157     reader = fiona.open
    159 with fiona_env():
--> 160     with reader(path_or_bytes, **kwargs) as features:
    162         # In a future Fiona release the crs attribute of features will
    163         # no longer be a dict, but will behave like a dict. So this should
    164         # be forwards compatible
    165         crs = (
    166             features.crs["init"]
    167             if features.crs and "init" in features.crs
    168             else features.crs_wkt
    169         )
    171         # handle loading the bounding box

File ~\Anaconda3\envs\PDOK\lib\site-packages\fiona\collection.py:555, in BytesCollection.__init__(self, bytesbuf, **kwds)
    552 self.virtual_file = buffer_to_virtual_file(self.bytesbuf, ext=ext)
    554 # Instantiate the parent class.
--> 555 super(BytesCollection, self).__init__(self.virtual_file, vsi=filetype, **kwds)

File ~\Anaconda3\envs\PDOK\lib\site-packages\fiona\collection.py:171, in Collection.__init__(self, path, mode, driver, schema, crs, encoding, layer, vsi, archive, enabled_drivers, crs_wkt, ignore_fields, ignore_geometry, **kwargs)
    168     raise
    170 if self.session is not None:
--> 171     self.guard_driver_mode()
    173 if self.mode in ("a", "w"):
    174     self._valid_geom_types = _get_valid_geom_types(self.schema, self.driver)

File ~\Anaconda3\envs\PDOK\lib\site-packages\fiona\collection.py:188, in Collection.guard_driver_mode(self)
    186 driver = self.session.get_driver()
    187 if driver not in supported_drivers:
--> 188     raise DriverError("unsupported driver: %r" % driver)
    189 if self.mode not in supported_drivers[driver]:
    190     raise DriverError("unsupported mode: %r" % self.mode)

DriverError: unsupported driver: 'WFS'

I am quite new to this.

1 Answer 1


That sample code was missing an important bit, enabling WFS support in fiona. Fiona doesn't support WFS by default.

Add the following near the top of your script:

# enable WFS support
import fiona
fiona.drvsupport.supported_drivers['WFS'] = 'r'
  • Thanks, this worked for this wfs!
    – SJAAK
    Mar 17 at 11:24
  • For another WFS (geodata.nationaalgeoregister.nl/nwbvaarwegen/…) I get another error however: fiona.errors.DriverError: '/vsimem/4ec3f86c094340cc8704fe5b9aa0f517' not recognized as a supported file format. Do you know what this means?
    – SJAAK
    Mar 17 at 11:25

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