I have two datasets:


  • avg one month temperature
  • NetCDF File (CF Convention 1.6)
  • grid_mapping_name: rotated_latitude_longitude (with rlat and rlong coordinates defining the grid)
  • curvilinear grid

Harvest Area Fraction:

  • Wheat
  • Geotiff File
  • EPSG: 4326 (lon and lat coordinates defining the grid)
  • rectilinear grid

I managed to plot both datasets (see picture below).

I want to extract the climate data values where the wheat grows. However, the two datasets have different coordinate systems (rotated lon/lat grid vs. regular lon/lat grid), so they do not align.


enter image description here

EDIT: If I call climatedata.rio.crs I get the following output:

GEOGCRS["undefined",BASEGEOGCRS["undefined",DATUM["World Geodetic System 1984",ELLIPSOID["WGS 84",6378137,298.257223563,LENGTHUNIT["metre",1]],ID["EPSG",6326]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433],ID["EPSG",8901]]],DERIVINGCONVERSION["Pole rotation (netCDF CF convention)",METHOD["Pole rotation (netCDF CF convention)"],PARAMETER["Grid north pole latitude (netCDF CF convention)",39.25,ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,ID["EPSG",9122]]],PARAMETER["Grid north pole longitude (netCDF CF convention)",198,ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,ID["EPSG",9122]]],PARAMETER["North pole grid longitude (netCDF CF convention)",0,ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,ID["EPSG",9122]]]],CS[ellipsoidal,2],AXIS["longitude",east,ORDER[1],ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,ID["EPSG",9122]]],AXIS["latitude",north,ORDER[2],ANGLEUNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,ID["EPSG",9122]]]]


Step 1: Transform climate data to regular spaced lon-lat grid.

climatedata =  xa.open_dataset(r'filepath.nc', decode_cf = True, decode_coords = "all")
df = climatedata.squeeze().to_dataframe().reset_index()
geometry = gpd.points_from_xy(df.lon, df.lat)
gdf = gpd.GeoDataFrame(df, crs=climatedata.rio.crs, geometry=geometry)
geo_grid = make_geocube(vector_data=gdf, resolution=(-0.1, 0.1), rasterize_function=rasterize_points_griddata,)
geo_grid = geo_grid.tas_moy[:,:]

enter image description here

geo_grid.rio.crs is the same as mentioned above. harvestdata.rio.crs is the following:

GEOGCS["unknown",DATUM["unknown",SPHEROID["WGS 84",6378137,298.257223563]],PRIMEM["unknown",0],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AXIS["Latitude",NORTH],AXIS["Longitude",EAST]]

Step 2: Reproject climate data to harvest data:

harvestdata = xa.open_dataset(r'filepath.tif')
climatedata_matched = geo_grid.rio.reproject_match(harvestdata)

Problem: climatedata_matched is an array only with NaN values. enter image description here

  • What coordinate system is your climate data in?
    – Binx
    Mar 31, 2022 at 14:10
  • The climate data has no 'crs' attribute. If I call 'climatedata.rio.crs', the output is posted above. I already tried to important an CRS object from the CF convention, but it returned no epsg code to me link. Is there another why to get the coordinate system?
    – ProgMau
    Mar 31, 2022 at 14:57
  • Is it possible to share your files?
    – Binx
    Mar 31, 2022 at 15:00

1 Answer 1


Step 1: Determine the CRS & coordinates for each one

For the climate grid with 2D coordinates, this may be a helpful reference: https://github.com/corteva/rioxarray/issues/209

Step 2: Re-project to the same grid


I recommend re-projecting the climate grid to the harvest grid.

  • Very helpful post #209! Problem: The new matched climate grid only contains NaN values. Any suggestions? I will add my code to the question above.
    – ProgMau
    Apr 1, 2022 at 12:15
  • You could try passing in the harvest grid into like= when making the geocube.
    – snowman2
    Apr 2, 2022 at 3:43
  • Passing like=harvest data works. But the new plot has "stripes" meaning that the values for one x are the same along the y axis. Is this due to the rasterize function? That's why I tried rasterize_function=partial(rasterize_points_griddata, method="cubic") to keep the high resolution from the original data, but again I only get NaN values.
    – ProgMau
    Apr 2, 2022 at 22:51
  • Afer analysing the data, my assumption is that reproject_match cannot read geo_grid.rio.crs (see output above). If I write a crs attribute manually to the geo_grid (geo_grid.rio.write_crs("epsg:4326", inplace=True)) then the reproject_match seems to work, because the array has values (not only NaN). Now my question is, how do I get the right epsg code from the climate data (netcdf)? Epsg:4326 was just a random assumption to try it out.
    – ProgMau
    Apr 3, 2022 at 16:52
  • I am still not sure how to convert the wkt from climatedata.rio.crs (see above) to an epsg code. climatedata.rio.crs.to_epsg() returns none. Any suggestions on how to get the epsg code from the netcdf climate data?
    – ProgMau
    May 15, 2022 at 18:08

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