I have created a test shapefile containing 15 point features in EPSG:2157 and exported it geojson. Each point has been assigned an ID - e.g. 1, 2 ,3 , etc. They look like so: enter image description here

I now want to use Python to essentially create a bit like the Select by Location tool in ArcGIS Pro https://pro.arcgis.com/en/pro-app/2.8/tool-reference/data-management/select-layer-by-location.htm

So for example the script would work like:

  • Specify the ID of the point of interest
  • Add a search distance in metres
  • Print the ID's of the points within the specified distance and their total distance from the point of interest

I have tried this so far

import geopandas as gpd
import pandas as pd
import shapely

input_file = 'C:/test/points.geojson'
df = gpd.read_file(input_file)
df['lon'] = df['geometry'].x
df['lat'] = df['geometry'].y

gdf = gpd.GeoDataFrame(


gdf_proj = gdf.to_crs({"init": "EPSG:3857"})

x = gdf_proj.buffer(10).unary_union

neighbours = gdf_proj["geometry"].intersection(x)

# print all the nearby points

But I need a way of defining which ID I want to set the 10 metre buffer from

  • 1
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    – Vince
    Commented Jun 16, 2022 at 12:48
  • @Vince see update Commented Jun 16, 2022 at 13:15
  • geopandas has a distance method to calculate the distance and you can sort it, apply threshold from there, and it returns a boolean array. have you used the distance method?
    – sutan
    Commented Jun 16, 2022 at 14:52

1 Answer 1


You can create a dataframe of one point, buffer the point and spatial join it to all other points. Spatial join is very fast.

import geopandas as gpd

df = gpd.read_file(r'/home/bera/GIS/Data/LMV-data_2021-10/ok_riks_Sweref_99_TM_shape/oversikt/riks/gs_riks.shp')

onepoint = df.loc[df['id']==10].copy() #Select one point
onepoint.geometry = onepoint.geometry.buffer(10000)

result = sorted(onepoint.sjoin(df.loc[df['id']!=10]).id_right.tolist())

enter image description here

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