Can't install rgdal, sf etc however my necessary libs are installed like gdal, proj, geos.

I do not know what the problem is.

install.packages("rgdal", type = "source") trying URL 'https://cran.rstudio.com/src/contrib/rgdal_1.5-32.tar.gz' Content type 'application/x-gzip' length 4469369 bytes (4.3 MB) ================================================== downloaded 4.3 MB

  • installing source package ‘rgdal’ ... ** package ‘rgdal’ successfully unpacked and MD5 sums checked ** using staged installation configure: R_HOME: /Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Resources configure: CC: clang -mmacosx-version-min=10.13 configure: CXX: clang++ -mmacosx-version-min=10.13 -std=gnu++14 configure: CFLAGS: -Wall -g -O2 configure: CPPFLAGS: -I/usr/local/include configure: CXXFLAGS: -Wall -g -O2 configure: LDFLAGS: -L/usr/local/lib configure: LDFLAGS: -L/usr/local/lib configure: CXX11 is: clang++ -mmacosx-version-min=10.13, CXX11STD is: -std=gnu++11 configure: CXX is: clang++ -mmacosx-version-min=10.13 -std=gnu++11 configure: C++11 support available configure: rgdal: 1.5-32 checking for /usr/bin/svnversion... no configure: svn revision: 1176 checking for gdal-config... /opt/homebrew/bin/gdal-config checking gdal-config usability... yes configure: GDAL: 3.5.1 checking GDAL version >= 1.11.4... yes checking GDAL version <= 2.5 or >= 3.0... yes checking GDAL: linking with --libs only... no checking GDAL: linking with --libs and --dep-libs... no ld: warning: ignoring file /opt/homebrew/Cellar/gdal/3.5.1_2/lib/libgdal.dylib, building for macOS-x86_64 but attempting to link with file built for macOS-arm64 Undefined symbols for architecture x86_64: "_GDALAllRegister", referenced from: _main in gdal_test-a23254.o ld: symbol(s) not found for architecture x86_64 clang: error: linker command failed with exit code 1 (use -v to see invocation) ld: warning: directory not found for option '-L/opt/homebrew/Cellar/libxml2/2.9.14_3/lib' ld: library not found for -lcrypto clang: error: linker command failed with exit code 1 (use -v to see invocation) configure: Install failure: compilation and/or linkage problems. configure: error: GDALAllRegister not found in libgdal. ERROR: configuration failed for package ‘rgdal’
  • removing ‘/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Versions/4.2/Resources/library/rgdal’

1 Answer 1


I just figured out the solution. The problem is with the arm based versions of gdal and etc. When R tries to install these packages they are looking for an intel version (probably the package is not ready and fully compatible with arm).

To solve the issue:

  1. Install rosetta 2
  2. Create a terminal copy in your applications which is going to run with rosetta 2 (you can tick on Terminal - Copy info page)
  3. remove arm based homebrew (also clean folders and junk that is left behind in /opt/homebrew)
  4. install intel based homebrew in the second rosetta terminal (which brew should show /usr/...)
  5. install pkg-config, proj, geos, and gdal with intel based homebrew
  6. restart R and install rgdal and all the gdal based packages you need

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