I have a Geopandas data frame with five multi-polygons geometries. Now, I want to intersect all the geometries at once and get the intersected polygon out of it. I tried using unary union and polygonize but this is giving me a list of polygons but I want only one polygon that has the intersection of the set of multi-polygon polygons. How can we intersect a set of multi-polygon or polygons together and get the intersected polygon?

location    geometry    
1          MULTIPOLYGON (((-0.304766 51.425882, -0.304904...    
2          MULTIPOLYGON (((-0.305968 51.427425, -0.30608 ...    
3          MULTIPOLYGON (((-0.358358 51.423471, -0.3581 5...    
4          MULTIPOLYGON (((-0.357654 51.413925, -0.357604...    
    listpoly = [a.intersection(b) for a, b in combinations(df['geometry'], 2)]
    rings = []
    for poly in listpoly:
      if type(poly) == MultiPolygon:
         exterior_lines = LineString()
         for p in poly:
            exterior_lines = exterior_lines.union(p.exterior)
      elif type(poly) == Polygon:
    union = unary_union(rings)
    result = [geom for geom in polygonize(union)]
MULTILINESTRING((-0.0345 54.900...))
MULTILINESTRING((-0.045 54.200...))
MULTILINESTRING((-0.05 54.650...))
MULTILINESTRING((-0.04 54.750...))
  • Can you add a screenshot showing your data and your expected result
    – BERA
    May 11 at 5:48

1 Answer 1


This should work for a set of polygons:

import os
os.environ['USE_PYGEOS'] = '0'  # this is required by shapely when using python 3.10
import geopandas

file = geopandas.read_file("C:/Users/user/Desktop/all_multi.shp")

# Set initials
intersect_list = []
uniq = []
any_intersect = []

# Loop unitil only one polygon left
while True:
    intersect_list = []
    for i, geom in enumerate(file.geometry):
        for j, next_geom in enumerate(file.geometry):
            if i != j:
                if geom.intersects(next_geom):
    # Set last unique list
    last = uniq

    # Remove duplicate geometries
    uniq = []
    for poly in intersect_list:
        if not any(p.equals(poly) for p in uniq):
    # Check if there are anymore intersections
    if len(uniq) == 0:

    # Update GeoDataFrame
    file = geopandas.GeoDataFrame(geometry=uniq)


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