I have a shapefile that has many polygons, here is an example: enter image description here

Now, what I want to do is show the polygons that are around one particular location. So I don't have to show all the polygons.

So I began to try something, like creating a circle (we can also do with a rectangle), and try to limit/cut the polygons, or at least, find the only polygons in the circle.

import folium
import geopandas as gpd
from shapely.geometry import Point
center_location = (48.8566, 2.3522)
m = folium.Map(location=center_location, zoom_start=12)
circle_radius = 5000
center_point = Point(center_location)
circle = center_point.buffer(circle_radius)
polygons_in_circle = gdf[gdf.geometry.intersects(circle)]

Could you please help me?

  • Depending on what you need, you can also filter already when reading the file using the bbox parameter: df = geopandas.read_file("nybb.shp", bbox=(0, 0, 10, 20)). If your file has a spatial index this will also be relatively fast.
    – Pieter
    Commented Aug 24, 2023 at 18:15
  • What should I do when someone answers my question?
    – Bera
    Commented Sep 3, 2023 at 15:44

1 Answer 1


I dont know of a way to read a circular subset from a file without first reading the full dataset.

You can read a rectangular subset using the bbox parameter:

Filter features by given bounding box, GeoSeries, GeoDataFrame or a shapely geometry

import geopandas as gpd
import shapely

#Read all data from a gpkg
file = r"/home/bera/Desktop/gistest/hexgrid.gpkg"
df_no_box = gpd.read_file(file)
ax = df_no_box.plot(figsize=(10,10), color="yellow")

#Read a rectangular subset of the same gpkg
ymin, xmin = 6407201,393160
ymax, xmax = 6514843,570974
df_box = gpd.read_file(filename=file, bbox=(xmin, ymin, xmax, ymax))
df_box.plot(ax=ax, color="blue")

#Create a circle dataframe and spatial join to the full dataset to only keep intersecting features
circle = shapely.geometry.Point(587098, 6356559).buffer(30000)
circleframe = gpd.GeoDataFrame(geometry=[circle], crs=df_no_box.crs)
df_circle = gpd.sjoin(df_no_box, circleframe, how="inner")
df_circle.plot(ax=ax, color="red")

enter image description here

  • Check out the mask parameter. More info here
    – Pieter
    Commented 14 hours ago

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