I'm using PyScripter to explore PyQGIS API because of it's very handy auto-completion function.

I've managed to get a handle on a PostGis vector layer by:

>>> from qgis.core import *
>>> uri = QgsDataSourceURI()
>>> uri.setConnection("<some URL>","5432","<DB name>","<user>","<password>")
>>> uri.setDataSource("public","<table name>","<geometry column name>")
>>> vLayer=QgsVectorLayer(uri.uri(),"<layer name>","postgres")
>>> vLayer
<qgis.core.QgsVectorLayer object at 0x052B4D68>

So far so good. My next step is to explore the layer's dataProvider.

>>> vLayer.dataProvider()

Why doesn't vLayer.dataProvider() yield anything, like in QGIS Python Console?

Do I need to initialize vLayer more?

1 Answer 1


You haven't setup your QGIS Python environment correctly.

At the start of your script you need to put these four lines in order to tell the QGIS libs where to look for providers.

qgishome = 'C:\OSGeo4W\apps\qgis-dev\'
app = QgsApplication([], True)
QgsApplication.setPrefixPath(qgishome, True)

when you need to exit the QGIS session you should use:


I have a growing simple set of examples at https://github.com/NathanW2/pyqgis-playground which can help to understand the basics of getting something setup. See the canvas example

  • Note that I had to add the qgis-devel library first with the OSGeo4W-installer and my qgishomepath = 'c:/OSGeo4W/apps/qgis'. I've had setup QGIS with the Express Desktop Install.. Jan 10, 2013 at 13:53
  • don't forget to tick the accept button if this is the right
    – Nathan W
    Jan 10, 2013 at 14:04

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