I'm new to the QGIS software and am attempting to change the widget type to 'Unique Value' (by default, it's 'Text Edit') using PyQGIS.

Unique Value-Editable

I have more than 20 fields in a layer for which I want to set the Widget Type as Unique Values and make them Editable. However, manually setting this up is taking too much time. I've tried the following code:

from qgis.core import QgsEditorWidgetSetup

layer = iface.activeLayer()
field_index = layer.fields().indexFromName('POINT_ADDR, STEET_ROAD, LANDMARK')

if field_index != -1:
    layer.setEditorWidgetSetup(field_index, QgsEditorWidgetSetup('Unique Values', {}))
    print("Field 'Your Field Name' does not exist in the layer.")

After running this code QGIS will crash and will close.

Are there any alternative ways to overcome this problem?

  • 1
    You can only get the index of one field at a time with indexFromName() method. You will have to loop through the fields one by one. Also, you need to startEditing() before making changes, and then commitChanges() afterwards.
    – Andre Geo
    Commented Nov 19, 2023 at 16:25
  • Thank you for your assistance It resolved the issue! Commented Nov 21, 2023 at 16:19

1 Answer 1


Try this:

layer = iface.activeLayer()

# start with a list of your fields to edit
mt20_fields = ['POINT_ADDR', 'STEET_ROAD', 'LANDMARK']

# fields must be iterated through:
for field in mt20_fields:
    field_index = layer.fields().indexFromName(field)
    if field_index == -1:
        # if field does not exist, skip to the next one
        print(f"field {field} not found")
    # otherwise, set widget settings to type='UniqueValues' and config={'Editable':True}
    layer.setEditorWidgetSetup(field_index, QgsEditorWidgetSetup('UniqueValues', {'Editable':True}))

Note that 'UniqueValues' needs to be one word. And there is no need to enable editing or commit changes on the layer.

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