I am trying to add the political boundaries baselayer from http://www.cec.org/Page.asp?PageID=924&ContentID=2336 and then on top add points where I gathered coordinates from Google Earth (using a delimited text layer). I can see both layers in QGIS but my points are not in the right location and I have to zoom in way too close to be able to see them. It seems to be an issue of scale or projection or something. Im new to QGIS and GIS in general, what things can I try to try and make these layers fit better.
Problem is that WGS84 regards Eastern longitudes as positive. So you have to insert a - before every value in your last column. You will get this result with boundaries in
EPSG:2163 and points in
I also get some of the points displaced in the ocean, but e.g. Corvallis looks right. Can you save the data in Google Earth as kml? You can add data in that format directly in QGIS.
For example, I get this for Heekletooth Mountain:
I think the problem is due to a mismatch in the coordinate reference system used. The base layer you use has EPSG:2163 (US National Atlas Equal Area). While I think the Google Earth file uses EPSG:4326 (WGS84), but I'm not sure about this as I have never used Google Earth files. What you can do is right-click on the layer and select "Set Layer CRS" in order to change the layers such that they correspond.
If I'm wrong I am sure a more experienced user will correct me.
I got a solution, although with minor errors, by re-projecting the shape-file to EPSG:4326 (see here for an explanation) and inserting a minus in front of the longitude values in the csv-file. Method is similar to the answer by Andre Joost. Encounter the same problem with some points being a little off.