Can anybody give me some articles or show me some link where GIS is used to analyse and manage micro-environment, such as a college campus or a small locality. I need to do a project on micro-environment analysis using GIS, so i need some references from where i can get some ideas. Please help.
Here are a few working examples from the University of Arkansas, namely CAST:
- Laser-scanning of university facilities and historic buildings: http://www.cast.uark.edu/home/research/visualizationanimation/uofavis.html
- Campus map: http://campusmaps.uark.edu/ - CAD data of building footprints brought into a Google Maps application
- RUSS - Room Use Survey System: https://fama.cast.uark.edu/ and http://www.cast.uark.edu/home/research/urban-infrastructure-projects/room-use-survey-system-russ.html - provides building, floor, and room level detail on how space is allocated in campus buildings
- 3D scan of historic campus building: http://www.cast.uark.edu/home/research/urban-infrastructure-projects.html
Many of these projects involve terrestrial laser scanning.
University of Texas A&M Uses gis to manage facilities.
Esri has extensive data models and education on this subject.
Campus Editing is an online map. (arcgisonline)
Which has the campus basemap
A search on arcgislonline will reveal the data model and other information including a free online training.
I think ArcGIS Spatial Analyst Tutorial is the best tutorial for site selection and spatial analysis . It's about finding a site for new school . users learn how to manipulate and combine data for spatial analysis.weighted overlay method used for the site selection.Users also learn how to use model builder and create a tool to automate the project.
A study was done at the Hospital in Sault Ste. Marie Canada for MRSA infection control: http://www.ssmic.com/UploadedFiles/files/GIS_Hospital_Infection_Control_CaseStudy_sept24_final_2008.pdf
They used GIS to monitor the spread of the disease and managed to determine the staff weren't following their own protocals, thus spreading the infection.
I understand your question to be calling for environmental GIS-related projects at a small scale. A few ideas come to mind:
- Tracking changes in forest cover utilizing classification of NAIP/Landsat imagery or comparisons of temporal NLCD datasets.
- Identifying potential point source water pollution and modelling basin run-off properties utilizing EPA geospatial data and ArcGIS hydrology toolset. There are tutorials here and here.
We used it as a design space for a stream rehab project where the study area was about 1000 feet. We were able to use GIS to model many different design surfaces by driving a virtual backhoe and using those results as modeling inputs. The platform proved to be much more stable than our original approach.