I have basic license level of ArcGIS 10.1, and near distance tool is not available with it. Can anyone please suggest of another similar purpose tool, under basic license, to get distance of one polygon from another polygon or any workaround?
You could use the Point Distance tool from ET Geowizard, however you would have to convert the from polygon layer to a point centroid or point feature class first.
I know this can be done in R, but am not yet sure how. Different packages exist for doing it between points and (points, lines, polygons). This one does points to line, for example.