I am using the freely available dtm data from the OS UK website (Land-form panorama and its in the ASCII format). when you download the data from the website, the dtm is found in different subfolders (labelled according to the national grid squares, e.g. NN, NO, HY etc.). within each folder there are number of ASC files (which looks like tiles when you view on ArcGIS - I am not sure what the correct technical term is). My sites are spread out across an area of about 23 national grid squares - so there is a large number of ASC files that needs to be added. When I try to open the dtm data on ArcGIS 10.1 I encountered a problem, I can only open the ASC files from about 4 national grid squares before the program freezes and shuts down. The primary focus of my study is to conduct viewshed analysis for my sites. when I add the various ASC files and try to conduct a viewshed analysis it looks like this:

enter image description here

The problem is my sites are in clusters and some sites are found spread out into the neighbouring tiles. it looks like when I try to do the viewshed analysis it doesn't take into account the sites that are found in the nearby tiles - which is a huge problem for me.

when I go to the 'input' place on the viewshed screen I can only choose one asc file at a time. is there a way to choose more than one?

enter image description here

I was wondering whether anyone out there could tell me how to add all the asc files from all the different grid squares without the program shutting down and whether there is any way to stitch all the tiles together to make it look smooth and complete (once again I am not sure what the technical term might be for this) so that I can run a proper viewshed analysis.

Any information or suggestions would be massively appreciated!

thanks Fezter I really appreciate it! I tried doing what you suggested but it still comes up looking like separate tiles: enter image description here

Am I doing something wrong? I am also having trouble performing the viewshed analysis here (although I can perform a hillshade), I was able to do it before I created the mosaic dataset. The other problem is I still have to do the hillshade and viewshed analysis one asc file at a time. is there a way around this?

one other thing - when I added the raster data to create a mosaic dataset - it comes up as empty green squares - the terrain only becomes visible if I calculate the statistics for each individual asc file - it remains blank when I try to do a batch statistics. I am not sure what I am doing wrong, if you could help me it will be greatly appreciated!


It looks like you'll have to create a raster mosaic first. This will combine all of your input rasters into one dataset. To read up on mosaicking, see here. Once you have created the mosaic, rerun your viewshed. It should incorporate all of the raster areas.

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  • Fezter is correct (+1). A little word of warning on this data is needed here: It contains errors that may impact your viewshed analysis. When OS tiled it, they introduced some edge effects on the tiles and your mosaic will probably contain some "interesting" straight trenches and/or ridges. This does not effect all tiles or even an entire edge(!). I got them to correct some of the errors a few years ago but not all my any means. They only corrected the few I specifically mentioned and ignored the others I merely alluded to. – MappaGnosis Jul 24 '13 at 7:38

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