I need to develop a website to find the fastest road between two points (just like google map) What kind of technologies I need to use? What are the components of this project (database, website, etc)? What else do I need to consider?
If you want it to be independent of other websites, then you'll need the data describing the street network for your area, software for doing the route calculations and software for showing it on a map.
But what is the purpose of the website? Tell us, for which purpose, how many users, which area etc. Generally, why don't you use Googlemaps, if it should be like that?