I'm developing an app which should show a map using Leaflet framework but i have no luck as the coordinate system on the map server differs from the one used by Leaflet.

  1. As a map server i use Arcgis which is accessed by means of REST interface
  2. The coordinate system used by the server is GCS_Bessel_1841. WKT definition: GEOGCS["GCS_Bessel_1841",DATUM["D_Bessel_1841",SPHEROID["Bessel_1841",6377397.155,299.1528128]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0.0],UNIT["Degree",0.0174532925199433]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["False_Easting",0.0],PARAMETER["False_Northing",0.0],PARAMETER["Central_Meridian",37.5],PARAMETER["Scale_Factor",1.0],PARAMETER["Latitude_Of_Origin",55.66666666666666],UNIT["Meter",1.0]

  3. I use proj.4 to convert GCS_Bessel_1841 to WGS84 (used by leaflet) but can't figure out how to make a correct definition especially how to write +towgs84.

The question is how to figure out the values for DX,DY,DZ,RX,RY,RZ.

The afterall my proj.4 defitiion looks like: +proj=tmerc +lon_0=37.5 +lat_0=55.66666666666666 +ellps=bessel +towgs84=0,0,0,0,0,0,0 +a=6377397.155 +b=6356078.962818188 +pm=greenwich +k_0=1 +x_0=0 +y_0=0 +units=m +no_defs

The Leaflet code:

`var crs = new L.Proj.CRS('EPSG:3857', '+proj=tmerc +lat_0=55.66666666666666 +lon_0=37.5 +k=1 +x_0=0 +y_0=0 +ellps=bessel +units=m +no_defs', { origin: [-5622500.0, 3830200.0], resolutions: [ 305.74811314055756, 152.87405657041106, 76.43702828507324, 38.21851414253662, 19.10925707126831, 9.554628535634155, 4.77731426794937, 2.388657133974685, 1.1943285668550503, 0.5971642835598172, 0.29858214164761665, 0.14929107082380833 ] });

var map = new L.Map('map', { crs: crs });

var tileUrl = 'http://egip.mka.mos.ru/arcgis/rest/services/osnova_wgs_cached/MapServer/tile/{z}/{y}/{x}', attrib = '© 2012', tilelayer = new L.TileLayer(tileUrl, { maxZoom: 12, minZoom: 0, continuousWorld: true, attribution: attrib, });

map.addLayer(tilelayer); map.setView([ 55.750984, 37.617571], 0);

map.on('mousemove', onMapMouseMove);' `

  • Please double-check the WKT definition. I guess it should start with PROJCS["...
    – Hermann
    Commented Sep 22, 2013 at 9:54
  • 1
    Yes, it does. But how can that help me to make a correct to towgs84? The full WKT: 'PROJCS["Moscow_bessel",GEOGCS["GCS_Bessel_1841",DATUM["D_Bessel_1841",SPHEROID["Bessel_1841",6377397.155,299.1528128]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0.0],UNIT["Degree",0.0174532925199433]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["False_Easting",0.0],PARAMETER["False_Northing",0.0],PARAMETER["Central_Meridian",37.5],PARAMETER["Scale_Factor",1.0],PARAMETER["Latitude_Of_Origin",55.66666666666666],UNIT["Meter",1.0]]'
    – alex
    Commented Sep 22, 2013 at 10:40
  • You could save the full WKT as a file, say Moscow_bessel.prj and run gdalsrsinfo, which will return the PROJ.4 notation (among other info): gdalsrsinfo Moscow_bessel.prj PROJ.4 : '+proj=tmerc +lat_0=0 +lon_0=0 +k=1 +x_0=0 +y_0=0 +ellps=bessel +to_meter=0 +no_defs '
    – Hermann
    Commented Sep 22, 2013 at 10:58
  • Please ignore the above comment. Something went wrong when copying & pasting.
    – Hermann
    Commented Sep 22, 2013 at 11:03
  • gdalsrsinfo returns for the given WKT: PROJ.4 : '+proj=tmerc +lat_0=55.66666666666666 +lon_0=37.5 +k=1 +x_0=0 +y_0=0 +ellps=bessel +units=m +no_defs '
    – Hermann
    Commented Sep 22, 2013 at 11:10

1 Answer 1


This is how QGIS writes the proj-string and WKT with +towgs84-parameter:

+proj=longlat +ellps=bessel +towgs84=598.1,73.7,418.2,0.202,0.045,-2.455,6.7 +no_defs

GEOGCS["DHDN",DATUM["Deutsches_Hauptdreiecksnetz",SPHEROID["Bessel 1841",6377397.155,299.1528128,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7004"]],TOWGS84[598.1,73.7,418.2,0.202,0.045,-2.455,6.7],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6314"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4314"]]

But keep in mind that there is no overall value for converting any Bessel-1841-Data to WGS84.

For Germany, there were a lot of parametres published, until a NADgrid for the whole country was created. This applies the correct shift for every point inside Germany.

Other surveying authorities have done similar conversions, but with other values.


There is a forum entry in Russian http://gis-lab.info/forum/viewtopic.php?t=9386

giving the following proj parameters:

+proj=tmerc +lat_0=55.6666666667 +lon_0=37.5 +x_0=0 +y_0=0 +k_0=1. +a=6377397 +rf=299.15 +towgs84=396,165,557.7,-0.05,0.04,0.01,0 +no_defs

Maybe you get lucky with those values.

  • The initial question mentions the projection parameter ["Central_Meridian",37.5], which isn't very far away from Moscow. Using towgs84 parameter values from Germany will not make much sense out there.
    – Hermann
    Commented Sep 23, 2013 at 9:05
  • I know that, I just wanted to point out how the towgs84 parametre can be given in WKT.
    – AndreJ
    Commented Sep 23, 2013 at 10:15

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