I have two geotiff images that I would like to resample the same resolution.
If I use ArcGIS Desktop this is easy to do but how do I do this using QGIS?
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This is easy in QGIS too, though a little less obvious. There are a couple of ways you can do it:
Using GDAL_Warp - this tool lets you set the output resolution either by specifying the width and height of the output raster or by specifying the -tr switch (see the documentation). You can get to the GDAL_warp tool by going Raster->Projections->Warp (I did say it wasn't obvious from a resampling point of view!).
(v3.x) The -tr switch is enabled by using the Output file resolution in target georeferenced units box. For example, to downsample a 1m DEM to a 2m DEM, you can enter 2 in that field. However, there is no option to pass two different arguments for non-square pixels. Say your target pixel size is
0.3125,0.25, meaning the
0.3125 and the
0.25. If you now pass the value
0.3125 in that box, it will set
-tr 0.3125 0.3125 in the command. To counter this limitation, simply copy the code, paste to the command line, edit the -tr flag and run. For example:
gdalwarp -t_srs EPSG:4326 -tr 0.3125 0.25 -r near -te 71.40625 24.875 84.21875 34.375 -te_srs EPSG:4326 -of GTiff foo.tiff bar.tiff
(depending on your instalation and environment variables, you may also need to explicitly state the path to gdalwarp).
I normally use the Raster Alignment tool.
It's localized in the raster tab and can be used to set rasters to the same extent too. It can also perform some operations when resampling to a new resolution (such as mean, min and max value, etc.).
Here is a link with some info on it: https://docs.qgis.org/2.18/en/docs/user_manual/working_with_raster/raster_analysis.html?highlight=raster%20alignment#id3
I use the 2.18.13 version. I don't know if the tool is available in older versions.
In QGIS this can be done by using r.rsamp.interp of the GRASS toolbox. It allows for increasing or decreasing raster resolution.
This tool allows for selecting many Sampling Interpolation Methods (nearest, bilinear, bicubic). Also allows cropping or masking an image during the resampling process with the Extention of Region GRASS. To select the area for cropping it is possible to use a vector, raster, canvas view or just by selecting an area with the mouse.