I have a public shapefile data set which is in a format that doesn't contain actual latitudes and longitudes (prj file below). I'd like to load it into SQL and be able to utilize the latitude and longitude of the geometry directly, but I don't know how to reproject the shapefile. I don't have ArcGIS. I sounds like ogr2ogr is the best route to do the reprojection. However, I don't know what parameters to enter to a) tell it what to convert from (based on the prj file below) or b) what I should be converting it to (what is a good standard?).
Here is all the information from the prj file: