is there any examples or use cases of using GIS in outer space and in no-earth related use ?
For imagery, there is quite a lot of information out there:
High-resolution Atlases of Mimas, Tethys, and Iapetus derived from Cassini-ISS images is a journal article that discusses how the authors created mosaics for some of Saturn's moons. Wikipedia has a handful of articles discussing extra-terrestrial quadrangles with lots of external links (There's more that can be search here):
Because of the government shutdown, the USGS references are unavailable, which might have pointed to GIS implementation.