I am trying to transform some data (both raster and vector) from WGS84 to a Croatian Coordinate system defined by:

+proj=tmerc +lat_0=0 +lon_0=15 +k=0.9999 +x_0=5500000 +y_0=0 +ellps=bessel +towgs84=550.499,164.116,475.142,5.80967,2.07902,-11.62386,0.99999445824 +units=m +no_defs

This works great in CS2CS (Rel 4.8.0):

cs2cs +proj=longlat +ellps=WGS84 +datum=WGS84 +no_defs +to +proj=tmerc +lat_0=0 +lon_0=15 +k=0.9999 +x_0=5500000 +y_0=0 +ellps=bessel +towgs84=550.499,164.116,475.142,5.80967,2.07902,-11.62386,0.99999445824 +units=m +no_defs -r

And also great in OGR2OGR (version 1.9.2):

ogr2ogr -s_srs "+proj=longlat +ellps=WGS84 +datum=WGS84 +no_defs" -t_srs "+proj=tmerc +lat_0=0 +lon_0=15 +k=0.9999 +x_0=5500000 +y_0=0 +ellps=bessel +towgs84=550.499,164.116,475.142,5.80967,2.07902,-11.62386,0.99999445824 +units=m +no_defs" out.shp  in.shp 

But in GDALWARP (version 1.9.2), the data comes out c.400m offset to the West (I think it's possibly a rotation error based upon it's appearance):

gdalwarp -s_srs "+proj=longlat +ellps=WGS84 +datum=WGS84 +no_defs" -t_srs "+proj=tmerc +lat_0=0 +lon_0=15 +k=0.9999 +x_0=5500000 +y_0=0 +ellps=bessel +towgs84=550.499,164.116,475.142,5.80967,2.07902,-11.62386,0.99999445824 +units=m +no_defs" in.tif out.tif

An example of this can be seen below, where I digitised a vector layer around existing raster data, transformed both using the above commands, and then loaded into QGIS:

example of offset error

I can't for the life of me figure out why this could be - it is worthy of note that I have tried this with multiple Raster datasets from a variety of sources, and they always seem to be offset to the West by the same amount.

I have tried upgrading to GDAL 1.10.1, and this has no effect upon the output.

Has anyone ever seen this before and have any idea why it could be?

  • PROJ.4 and GDAL version? Nov 8, 2013 at 12:44
  • I'd guess at maybe a precision issue with the SRS parameters.
    – til_b
    Nov 8, 2013 at 12:50
  • Apologies, I've added versions into the question, it's GDAL/OGR 9.1.2, and Proj is Rel 4.8.0
    – jonnyhuck
    Nov 8, 2013 at 12:52
  • 1
    @jonnyhuck if x is the ppm value, the actual equations use 1 + x/1000000 to calculate the scale factor.
    – mkennedy
    Nov 11, 2013 at 15:21
  • 1
    @jonnyhuck I certainly may have calculated it wrong! 0.99999445824 = 1 + x/1000000, x = -5.54176
    – mkennedy
    Nov 11, 2013 at 17:10

1 Answer 1


After loading the files to QGIS, check the layers with Rightclick -> Set CRS for layer.

Sometimes QGIS guesses a similar existing EPSG code when you do not want it.

Testing on QGIS 1.8.0 Lisboa, it thinks that EPSG:31275 is ment, with proj string:

+proj=tmerc +lat_0=0 +lon_0=15 +k=0.9999 +x_0=5500000 +y_0=0 +ellps=bessel +towgs84=577.326,90.129,463.919,5.137,1.474,5.297,2.4232 +units=m +no_defs

which is alomst the same, except for the +towgs84 values.

So, nothing wrong with Gdalwarp ;-)

  • A cracking idea, but I'm afraid not - it's using the resulting "user generated" CRS. To be sure I created a new CRS using the PROJ string, and set both layers and the project to that, but I'm afraid it made no difference. Thanks for the suggestion though!
    – jonnyhuck
    Nov 8, 2013 at 15:44

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