My data consists of two featureclasses:

  1. Points = points representing trees
  2. Polygons = Polygons representing % canopy area by area. Each polygon in the FC has a % canopy measurement in the attributes.

I am trying to accomplish the following:

  1. Select points underneath polygon features
  2. For the points under each polygon, delete X% of the points based on the polygon attribute

The screenshot (Figure 1) shows a ModelBuilder only tool called Iterate Feature Selection. What is the correct Python scripting method to iterate through features in a feature class in order to pass the feature off to the SelectLayerByLocation_management command?

Figure 2 shows the output of the select by location. All 4 layers are the same, which will be a problem when I try and delete points by the canopy % measurement.

This is what I have tried so far:

import arcpy
from arcpy import env

env.overwriteOutput = True
env.workspace = r'C:\temp_model_data\OutputData'
outWorkspace = env.workspace

# The polygons have canopy % data in attributes
polygons = r'C:\temp_model_data\CanopyPercentages.shp'
points = r'C:\temp_model_data\points_20_2012.shp'

if arcpy.Exists("pointsLayer"):
    print "pointsLayer exists already"
    arcpy.MakeFeatureLayer_management (points, "pointsLayer")
    print "pointsLayer created"

count = 1

#Create a search cursor to step through the polygon features
polys = arcpy.da.SearchCursor(polygons, ["OID@", "SHAPE@"])

for poly in polys:

    # Create a name for the polygon features
    count = count + 1
    featureName = "polygon_" + str(count)
    print featureName

    # Select points that lie under polygons
    arcpy.SelectLayerByLocation_management('pointsLayer', 'intersect', polygons)
    arcpy.SaveToLayerFile_management('pointsLayer', outWorkspace + featureName + ".lyr", "ABSOLUTE")

    # Add the random point selection script here...

    # Delete selected points within each polygon based on the % canopy cover...

Figure 1 enter image description here

Figure 2 enter image description here

  • 2
    I'm looking over you code but a quick point, your polygon names are going to start at 2; the count is incremented before the name is set. You'll either want to set count = 0 before the loop starts, or put the count = count + 1 (which you can shorten to count += 1) after you assign the feature name. – HeyOverThere Dec 5 '13 at 21:09

A SearchCursor in arcpy is the most direct route for accomplishing this:

import arcpy

fc = "c:/data/base.gdb/roads"
field = "StreetName"
cursor = arcpy.SearchCursor(fc)
row = cursor.next()
while row:
    row = cursor.next()

Note that you can use the where_clause property to perform your selection.

| improve this answer | |

Nick Ochoski is right about the SearchCursor, but there is a cleaner way to use it WITHOUT a while and manually calling next:

import arcpy
fc = "c:/data/base.gdb/roads"
field = "StreetName"
cursor = arcpy.SearchCursor(fc)
for row in cursor:
| improve this answer | |

I think You can also add (to trevstanhope neat answer) a WITH for even cleaner code as it will delete cursor automatically after finishing

import arcpy
fc = "c:/data/base.gdb/roads"
field = "StreetName"
with arcpy.da.SearchCursor(fc) as cursor:
    for row in cursor:
| improve this answer | |
  • I have used search cursors to access and get info on a feature, but can a geoprocessing be run on each row, or do you need to pull the ID for that row and then run a select by attribute using that ID and THEN run your geoprocessing? – Rex Feb 7 '17 at 22:41

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