I have a polygon layer in QGIS that I have applied a random color style to each polygon. Under Layer Properties -> Style I selected a Categorized style and then generated a random color ramp. I added a color column to the layer table. Is there a way to automatically copy the color assigned in the style to the color column for each polygon in the form "#ff0000".

Ultimately, I want to export it as a GeoJSON layer and import it into a leaflet map. The color column will set the color in leaflet.


1 Answer 1


You could use PyQGIS for that (not sure is the best solution for it, though).

Assuming your layer has a color field (type: string), select (or activate) the layer in the QGIS ToC, open the QGIS Python console, and copy this code snippet:

layer = iface.activeLayer()
attr = layer.renderer().classAttribute()
attrColor = 'color'  # Name of the field to store colors
fieldIndex = layer.dataProvider().fieldNameIndex(attrColor)
attrFeatMap = {}

for cat in layer.renderer().categories(): 
    expr = "\"" + attr + "\"='" + unicode(cat.value()) + "'"

    for f in layer.getFeatures(expr):
        attrMap = {fieldIndex : cat.symbol().color().name()}
        attrFeatMap[f.id()] = attrMap
layer.dataProvider().changeAttributeValues( attrFeatMap )

After running it, you'll obtain this:

enter image description here

Let me know if you face any problem.

  • Is there possibilite to do it for RGB? Dec 4, 2015 at 19:58
  • 1
    Sure. Instead of calling cat.symbol().color().name(), do something like this: str(cat.symbol().color().red()) +','+ str(cat.symbol().color().green()) +','+ str(cat.symbol().color().blue()) Dec 5, 2015 at 2:38
  • 1
    Still valid in qgis 3.6, apart from the API rename rendererV2 -> renderer
    – sabas
    Mar 28, 2019 at 21:33
  • Didn't worked on QGis 3.6 here. I've renamed rendererV2 to renderer, but didn't worked.
    – Paladini
    Jul 29, 2019 at 13:59
  • 1
    @Paladini, just updated the answer to work with QGIS v3.x (tested on QGIS 3.16). Oct 6, 2021 at 4:09

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