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I'm trying to do filter images using Majority filter in ArcGIS. My input images is a float point raster image in .img format. There is an error saying "Invalid parameters". What does it mean?

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    Majority statistics apply only to categorical variables which must be represented by integer, not floating point, rasters. – whuber Apr 28 '14 at 16:07
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Following up on the Comment by @whuber, the Majority Filter (Spatial Analyst) documentation says (with my bolding):

The input raster to be filtered based on the the majority of contiguous neighboring cells.

It must be of integer type.

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Majority filter is mostly used as a tool in post processing stage to reduce the salt and pepper effect caused by isolated pixels in a thematic map. So it should be used on categorial raster as a zonal analysis. This means that even for a satellite image with integer DN values, it's not meaningful to use the majority filter.

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  • This argument is illogical: from the fact that a tool is "mostly" used for some purpose does not mean that its application elsewhere is "not meaningful"! In fact majority filters have many (meaningful) uses besides post-processing. For example, it can be used to implement transitions in cellular automata, to detect blank regions in aerial images, and much more. – whuber Apr 30 '14 at 18:17

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