What are the major differences between GPS, GLONASS, COMPASS and Galileo?

  • 3
    You should also add the Planned Chinese system COMPASS also called Beidou-2 to your list.
    – Chris M
    Jul 23, 2010 at 13:18

3 Answers 3


Some differences, which comes to my mind now: - they use slightly different frequencies (thus are (may be) incompatible, but EU and Russia are working now on making them compatible). Also chip manufactures announced they will produce single chip capable of receiving GPS/Galileo (maybe also GLONASS) - Galileo will offer 5 different services (open access navigation, commercial navigation, safety of life navigation, public regulated navigation, search and rescue) - Galileo should offer higher accuracy for every user (GPS has high accuracy signal restricted to military/government agencies)

But as George said, they all works on the same physics and has the same problems to overcome.


GPS is older, more mature and have many more consumer products made for it.

GLONASS and Galileo are still in the development phase, as what I know. But they are much newer and has higher accuracy.

Galileo is not made mainly for military systems and are not controlled by a single country.

  • 5
    The Russian GLONASS system was completed in 1991 so it is also a mature system. However for several years the system was neglected and started to fail. In 2001 the Russian government recommitted to the system and as of April 2010 21 of 24 satellites are operational.
    – Chris M
    Jul 23, 2010 at 13:17
  • Apparently, since October 2011, all 24 satellites are operational, @ChrisM
    – Wilf
    Dec 20, 2013 at 21:13

GPS is the American satellite system. GLONASS and others are systems created by other countries.

  • IRNSS: India
  • Galileo: EU
  • GLONASS: Russia
  • Compass: China

GPS is the oldest and tested and true system. Others are in their infancy, or there wasn't enough funding to complete the system.

  • 2
    glonass is a not infancy one...now most of the mobile phone support glonass.
    – user78913
    Aug 1, 2016 at 3:48

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