Questions tagged [3d]

Questions related to GIS objects that have three dimensions.

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91 votes
7 answers
111k views

Finding minimum-area-rectangle for given points?

As you see in the figure, the question is: How to find the minimum-area-rectangle (MAR) fitted on the given points? and a supporting question is: Is there any analytical solution for the ...
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  • 3,307
43 votes
1 answer
42k views

Finding center of geometry of object?

Given a set of 2D or 3D points: How to find the center of geometry of an object? According to the following figure, the center of geometry differs from the center of mass if it is calculated in the ...
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  • 3,307
39 votes
4 answers
13k views

How to migrate from ArcGIS for Desktop to QGIS? [closed]

Our lab has about 10 projects in ArcGIS 9 (a couple are made in ArcGIS 10) that includes the following in each: A georeferenced (WGS1984 geographical projection) raster seafloor image, representing ...
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  • 2,987
30 votes
7 answers
18k views

What are my options for 3D web Maps?

I wish to have a Online 3D Map, which would show my Data, i.e both Raster and Vector, draped on a DEM that I have. Due to the requirements of using my own DEM & Raster data, Google Earth API is ...
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30 votes
8 answers
6k views

When is a 3D Visualisation in GIS Useful? [closed]

I can currently only think of two cases: to visualise potential changes in a landscape, such as the effect of adding windfarms, or the addition of a new building to an urban area. However both these ...
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  • 14.1k
22 votes
9 answers
26k views

Viewing LiDAR data from web browser?

I am looking to host lidar data on my own server and give clients the ability to view that data through a web browser as a 3D point cloud (file would be in .las format or equivalent), possibly with ...
22 votes
4 answers
17k views

Which software to use to create professional fly-over/ fly-through animations?

I will need to create a high quality fly-over animation which penetrates the surfaces and reveals subsurface geology. The intended use is for demonstrations, presentations and a company website so it ...
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21 votes
3 answers
7k views

Finding the Center Line from a set of 3D Points

I have a set of 3D points. They follow a curved pattern with a rather constant diameter as shown below. What would be the algorithm to trace the approximate center line of these points?
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  • 7,024
18 votes
3 answers
1k views

How much Water on Earth(USGS) : A Wrong Map representation?

I happened to read a USGS article, How much water is there on, in, and above the Earth? showing a representation of all the water(which includes water from Oceans, Seas,Bays,Ice caps, Glaciers, ...
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  • 7,024
17 votes
6 answers
42k views

3D perspective on maps in Leaflet, CartoDB?

Are there any JS library out there that would render normal, flat maps (like Leaflet) into a perspective map like this one, on the web: Also, anyone seen anything that could turn CartoDB data into 3D ...
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  • 755
17 votes
3 answers
2k views

Visualization of 3D shapefiles with Mapserver and Postgis

I'm wondering is there a way to visualize 3d data with mapserver? 3D .shp files are in postgis database, and I already connected mapserver to database, but with simple layer in mapfile.
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  • 4,952
17 votes
2 answers
4k views

Are there any alternatives to ArcScene?

I think I've had it. I've been struggling to create polished scenes and flyover animations using the ESRI tools. SketchUp is great but it does not handle large datasets and most 3rd party models (3D ...
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16 votes
6 answers
5k views

Looking for free program, similar to 3D Analyst, to visualize tree stands in 3D

I want to make a 3D stand visualization of trees in a specific area. I need something similar in functionality to ArcGIS 3D Analyst, but I don't have a license for that plugin anymore. The only ...
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  • 7,948
16 votes
7 answers
4k views

What are some 3D visualisation tools that successfully work with GIS data?

There are a large number of 3d modelling tools available (both open and closed source). I would like to be able to: Import GIS data into a 3d environment and retain georeferenceing. Retain the ...
13 votes
7 answers
12k views

How can a 3D model of a building be displayed in a web-browser?

I would like to try to show a proposed building in a web-browser such that the user can interact with it in a way similar to google maps streetview. Is it possible to do this, in any platform? I can ...
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  • 16k
13 votes
1 answer
5k views

Displaying cross-sections on a web page

I'm looking for inspiration and possible tools on how to display cross-sections on a (dynamic) webpage. More specifically I have to show on these cross-sections how underground pipelines are located ...
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  • 6,145
13 votes
2 answers
16k views

How can I sucessfully import 3D surface and features from ArcGIS 10 into Sketchup 8?

What are the steps required to successfully export an entire 3D model (composed of TIN surfaces, 3D polygons, 3D polylines and 3D points) from ArcGIS 10 to Sketchup 8? Preferably, I would like the ...
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12 votes
3 answers
12k views

3D geological model from cross sections, preferably using Open Source software

I work with engineering geology, and my workflow includes making many cross sections of a given site, with data from maps, fieldwork (outcrops) and boreholes. What I'm looking for is a way of taking ...
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11 votes
4 answers
4k views

Looking for a free program for 3D visualization

Looking for a free program or web software for 3D visualization. I'd like to have an ArcScene like abilities. No editing needed, just need to see the data in a 3D format. It'd be really helpful for ...
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  • 4,365
11 votes
2 answers
2k views

Clarification of the "25D" option in ogr2ogr

[EDIT: In my original post, I had received an error that was based on a typo, so I scrapped that part of the question, but left the questions that still apply.] In the ogr2ogr docs it says: -nlt ...
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11 votes
5 answers
4k views

Where can I find a high quality real globe of a decent size without axis?

I'm trying to find a physical globe of a high map quality that doesn't have any axis or bearings as the axis mounted on standard desk globes completely obscures the arctic regions. High-quality map ...
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  • 241
11 votes
2 answers
402 views

Are there any 3D GIS which exploit consumer level 3D HDTVs?

My company is moving into a new building and we will be purchasing a 65" or greater HDTV for the conference room. I am interested to know if there are "3D" GIS applications which currently exploit ...
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  • 133
10 votes
2 answers
24k views

PostGIS Column has Z dimension but geometry does not

I am able to create a geomtry column for 3d multiline using this: CREATE TABLE trajectories ( gid serial NOT NULL, vehid character varying(10), state integer, geom geometry(...
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10 votes
4 answers
5k views

Assigning RGB values from Geotiff image to LiDAR data, using R

I have given a Geotiff image and its corresponding Lidar data (x,y,z) in UTM coordinates. I need to merge the Lidar data with the RGB values from the image. That means, at the end, I need to plot (...
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10 votes
4 answers
704 views

Is there a standardized or "most used" dummy Z value?

Creating and importing both 2D and 3D data, I have many times encountered the situation where I have no Z value for a coordinate set, that the value of a Z coordinate seems out of range (like -99, -...
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  • 4,322
10 votes
3 answers
7k views

How to properly Drape vectors over a DEM?

I have a DEM of my study area, and the streams in it. Whenever I add both to ArcScene, and drape the vectors over the DEM, some of the vectors disappear from over the surface, and are visible under ...
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10 votes
2 answers
2k views

Which Windows GIS editors support the creation of 3D shapefiles besides ArcGIS with 3D Analyst?

I need to find and easy and affordable way to generate 3D linear shapefiles in Windows so one of our users can inspect our tool. We incorrectly assumed that he had 3D shapefile source data available ...
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  • 1,303
10 votes
2 answers
4k views

DXF attribute to z value

We have been given a DXF that contains a Elevation attribute but we would like to generate a 3D DXF. I know I can generate a 3D dxf from a shapefile using: ogr2ogr -f "DXF" out.dxf in.shp -zfield ...
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  • 34k
10 votes
2 answers
751 views

How do you treat partial 3d features in PostGIS?

We have features from survey data that contain partial 3d information. The most common example would be a 2D LineString representing a road, that contains elevation information in certain points ...
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  • 1,449
10 votes
0 answers
483 views

Calculate volume of space defined by multiple overlapping 3D polygons

I have thousands of 3D polygons scattered in space but they mostly overlap with many of their neighbors in big extent. Is there any way how to compute volume they define effectively? I would love ...
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  • 203
9 votes
4 answers
2k views

How to represent floors in a building

Is there any way to represent floors in a building using GIS? (Also, it's stupid that I have to use existing tags cos none suit my question so I had to choose one at random.)
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  • 200
9 votes
6 answers
5k views

3D subsurface modelling

I am a student and initiating a thesis project for MS specialize degree in geophysics. I am working on tectono - stratigraphy of some area and want to do the 3D subsurface modelling of the same area ...
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9 votes
2 answers
6k views

Can I create, union and intersect 3D multipatch features using 3D Analyst extension (ArcGIS 10)?

I'm on ArcGIS 10. According to all the documentation I've read, 3D Analyst should be able to do what I am trying to get it to do, but I am running into problem after problem and I'm almost ready to ...
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  • 12k
9 votes
2 answers
754 views

Practical Building Extraction Algorithm Implementation

I've been reading many papers over 3D building extraction using LiDAR data and Aerial images. I see that there are many different algorithms for doing such things, such as this and this. Those papers,...
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  • 143
9 votes
2 answers
1k views

Retrieving heights of buildings using remotely sensed data (except lidar)

How can I get the height values of buildings from a certain sector a city without going into the field to collect data? Is there anyway to do via satellite imagery, SRTM, ASTER GDEM or any DEM for ...
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  • 793
9 votes
1 answer
4k views

How to extract DEM (Digital Elevation Model) from 3D model

How can I extract a Digital Elevation Model from a 3D model of a building, made with SketchUp, using Blender,qgis or any other software?
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9 votes
1 answer
1k views

How can I calculate Moran's I in 3D?

This may be a question to post on a GIS forum, but I was wondering if among the spatial data experts here, someone could help me calculate the extension of Moran's I to 3D? Our data is about 3D ...
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9 votes
3 answers
3k views

How can I digitize features on an Y,Z plane in ArcGIS?

How can I geo-reference and digitize features on a Y,Z plane of a vertical cross-section in ArcGIS? The surface coordinate system is NAD 83 UTM 15. This is a simplified version of the question found ...
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9 votes
1 answer
1k views

Assign Z value to start & end of PostGIS line

I have a line table in my PostGIS database and a table with invert levels for the start and end of each line. My goal is to create create 3D lines in my table, from my invert data. I know I can use ...
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  • 34k
9 votes
2 answers
353 views

Creating ellipse around line in 3D space using R

BACKGROUND: A similar question has been asked before, but not answered; see Creating ellipse around line in 3D space using PostGIS. I am a new user asking this question but hopefully with more details....
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  • 161
9 votes
3 answers
38k views

Creating profile cross-sections in ArcGIS Desktop 10.x? [closed]

Because the default 'Profile Graph' tool was not sufficient, I wrote a custom VBA script that creates scaled and exaggerated profile cross-sections in ArcGIS but I need more features: Visualize more ...
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8 votes
2 answers
2k views

Visualize PolygonZ shapefiles in QGIS

Is it possible to see the 3D shapes of the PolygonZ shapefile? I have Qgis2treejs plugin installed, but it shows the shapes as if they are Polygon so 2D shapes).
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  • 1,057
8 votes
2 answers
18k views

Is there QGIS plugin to allow 3d visualisation of geological borehole data similar to functionality of Target for ArcGIS?

I'm very new to QGIS, I have started using it as my new company is not willing to pay for ArcGIS and Target at this stage so I'm hoping QGIS can substitute not just in the interim but for good. What ...
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  • 81
8 votes
4 answers
3k views

Is it possible to create 3D dxf with OGR?

Does anyone know if it's possible to create a 3D dxf with OGR? I would like to assign the contour lines a Z value and then export them to dxf for some cad work. PS. I know FME can do this, however I ...
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  • 34k
8 votes
2 answers
13k views

Features to 3D from 2D in QGIS

Is there a way to convert 2D features to "3D" features in QGIS? I know there is a way to do this in ArcMap by using an attribute value in the attribute table, but I am looking to do this with ...
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  • 9,253
8 votes
6 answers
2k views

What are the main fields of applications of 3D GIS?

I'm doing a scholary research on 3D GIS but i have some problems in finding where they are used. Does anyone know of any real life examples where 3D GIS has been adopted?
8 votes
1 answer
371 views

Changing layer properties for 3D View using PyQGIS

I would like to change the default settings in 3D View. No symbols to Single Symbol Altitude clamping from Relative to Absolute Change colors for Diffuse, Ambient and Specular Changing by hand works ...
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8 votes
1 answer
5k views

QGIS calculate the 3D surface area of a region?

I would like to calculate the true surface area of a region from DEM (2D elevation data). Is it possible to do this with QGIS? And if yes, how? I managed to obtain a 3D visualization of the ...
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8 votes
1 answer
2k views

PostGIS 3D in Action

I was wondering if there is a website that showcases Openlayers and PostGIS 3D in Action
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  • 8,442
8 votes
2 answers
4k views

Converting a .dxf to a .shp containing a field with height information in QGIS?

I received two .dxf for my project that represent my area of interest: one of them contains buildings, the other one terrain elevation (they both are 3D). I can successfully convert them to shapefiles ...
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