Questions tagged [analysis]

The process of extracting geographic, statistical, geometric, or scientific information from one or more related collections of GIS features and data.

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2answers
9k views

How to perform a slope analysis in QGIS? [duplicate]

I have contour information in the form of line features (see picture below) and I want to do a slope analysis in QGIS. Is it possible?
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3answers
3k views

How to emulate Google Maps driving directions using pgRouting?

Would like to emulate google maps' driving directions functionality but use pgRouting instead. google's data over the project area & scale is quite a bit off so we want to use our own transport ...
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0answers
247 views

How to estimate the average width of a sidewalk? [duplicate]

I have a table with two polygons representing urban block with and without the sidewalk: geomBlock and geomBlockWithSidewalk. On my city we can approximate the polygons of geomBlockWithSidewalk to a ...
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3answers
2k views

Using National Agriculture Statistics Service (NASS) county level crop data to estimate crop acreage in hydrologic regions?

National Agriculture Statistics Service (NASS) provides county level crop (Corn, Soybean, Sorghum, etc) data. I want to calculate crop acres on each subwatershed from the county based data. I'm ...
16
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1answer
3k views

When dealing with rasters of varying resolutions should one resample to the highest or lowest resolution?

I'm looking for recommendations on best practices for dealing with raster data layers with different resolutions and projections. The advice I've been given is to always resample to the layer with the ...
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2answers
5k views

How to calculate average slope in a grid?

This is actually a two part question: Which methods are there to calculate average slope by unit (say km²) for a given area? Are there any special requirements on the data - like additional ...
5
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2answers
3k views

How to find the area of raster values within polygon zones?

I'm using ArcGIS 9.3 and I just can't seem to get this right - I've tried tabulate areas, zonal stats, converting to polygons, etc. I'm missing something somewhere. I have a USGS impervious surface ...
3
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2answers
402 views

Proportional Coloring within polygon for multiple variables

I'm new to QGIS and I am doing some demographic analysis of Ethiopia. I have a vector map with each of the country's administrative zones: Within the attribute table, I have data for religious ...
18
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3answers
1k views

Using GIS tools for non-geographical problems

Many other fields have visual/"spatial" problems that can potentially be solved with GIS tools. I know I've used GIS tools for the odd non-geographical task and was wondering how much this happens and ...
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2answers
10k views

Creating noise maps using ArcGIS for Desktop or Open Source Desktop GIS? [closed]

In a previous role I helped create Noise Maps for Northern England. The predicted noise levels was done using the IMMI package (which I can recommend) and the cartographic output was done in ArcMap. ...
9
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3answers
23k views

Analyzing differences between two shapefiles to put results into new shapefile?

I have two polygon shapefiles of the same region from two different years (1985 and 1997) and I need to analyse the differences between the two shapefiles resulting in a third polygon shapefile ...
4
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3answers
3k views

Summing attributes intersected by under a radius [closed]

Apologies - new user. I am working with QGIS on Mac OS X and with shapefiles downloaded from the US Census Bureau that show population data by state and by county. How do I: select certain points (...
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2answers
3k views

Calculating how many of certain feature lie within various buffer rings?

I am using ArcMap and I have a series of real estate parcels mapped along with a series of wind turbines. I have created multiple buffer rings around each real estate parcel with distances (0.5, 1, 1....
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2answers
1k views

Is there a described GIS method for creating catchment areas based on nearest driving distance?

ie. a combination of Voronoi polygons with isochrones, so that the Voronoi polygons are based on driving distance instead of Euclidean distance. Is there a name or a described method for this?
18
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1answer
3k views

Heatmap algorithm to visualise point diversity

Can anyone suggest an algorithm to generate a heatmap for visualising point diversity? An example application would be for mapping areas of high species diversity. For some species, every single plant ...
7
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4answers
6k views

How can I reproduce Getis-Ord GI* hot-spot analysis tool in QGIS?

I'm trying to find a hot-spot analysis plug-in for QGIS that would perform similarly to the Getis-Ord (Gi*) hot-spot analysis tool used in Arc, but have not been successful. Does anyone have a ...
6
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4answers
4k views

Teaching GIS Project Workflow?

If you had to teach someone the key stages to a typical GIS Analysis project, what would be the best generic answer? I would like to see diagrams to illustrate this point. Do not think it requires ...
18
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1answer
497 views

What GIS analysis techniques were used in determining Gale Crater as the landing site for the Curiosity Rover?

What specific GIS analysis was used in determining Gale Crater as the landing site for the Curiosity Rover? I'm assuming factors such as slope, elevation, ruggedness, etc were used as well as ...
7
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1answer
2k views

Split polylines at polygon boundaries in QGIS

I have a set of contour lines and a polygon set containing glaciers. Because I want the glaciers to have blue contours, I need to split the contour lines at the glacier boundaries. I can achieve this ...
5
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1answer
914 views

Is there an open source tool for both road network analysis and geocoding?

Is there any one open source software package that can perform both road network analysis and geocoding?
5
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1answer
634 views

Identifying south facing mountain land, above an elevation, within a slope range, less than fixed distance from major roadways

This odd question comes from believing that such an analysis is plausible in a GIS system. Only, I don't how to accomplish the various discrete steps implied from the Title, nor where to get a topo ...
13
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3answers
466 views

What practices are available for modelling land suitability?

I currently use a "classic" raster based approach of dividing a study area into cells. All input layers are converted to rasters at the same cell resolution and given a suitability rating. A final ...
8
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1answer
289 views

Analysis of GPS error

I'm wondering if there have been any studies which attempt to analyze or characterize GPS error distribution over different situations/conditions (e.g. surrounded by tall buildings/mountains, ...
8
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3answers
970 views

Identification of consecutive points within a specified buffer

I have a point file, hourly relocations of an animal, and I want to be able to place a buffer around each point and calculate the number of subsequent points which are within the buffer zone. I am ...
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5answers
6k views

Calculating polygon length and width using open source GIS?

How can I calculate the length and with of polygons using open source tools? By "polygon length" I mean the length of the longest line within the polygon (update: to be correct, I just need the ...
6
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1answer
448 views

Measuring Sinuosity of Walking Paths using QGIS?

I'm currently working on a project that examines the movement of consumers through different kinds of retail spaces in Central Asia – namely, bazaars versus supermarkets. I've equipped dozens of ...
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2answers
395 views

QGIS calculates main soil type of polygons from another polygon layer

I've been working with qgis for a while but somehow I never fiured this out, so I thought it's time to ask. I have 2 shapefiles. a polygon layer from nearby fields (SHAPE1 (the red outlines)) a ...
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2answers
2k views

How can I calculate the vertical distance to the nearest water?

Summary: I would like to create a raster where each cell contains the vertical distance to the nearest water (a decent approximation would be acceptable). The problem is that I'm not sure how to go ...
3
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2answers
632 views

SPOT NDVI time series

I have 423 spot.vgt ndvi from first April 1998 till 31 Dec 2009. I want to know how to stack these NDVI to have one image for time series analysis? Or better to ask how is it possible to analyze a ...
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4answers
2k views

Determining gradient of road segment

I've a shapefile of roads data. It contains information about terrain of road segments, i.e., hilly, flat, undulating, etc. I want to determine gradient of every road segment. I know this might ...
12
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1answer
1k views

Understanding curvature filter of QGIS raster terrain analysis?

I have read the source code of several QGis-1.7.4 raster filters computing slope, aspect and curvature. There is a formula in the filter computing the total curvature that puzzles me. The source ...
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2answers
245 views

How could I rate roads for scenic drives?

relative GIS newbie here. I've been working on a personal project to rate roads on how nice a ride they'd be on a motorcycle. I wrote a Python program to work through road data in the TIGER dataset (...
6
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2answers
8k views

Where can I download a free dataset containing major ports across the world?

I am working on an analysis and would like to incorporate major maritime ports from across the world. Some initial searching turned up a dataset produced by General Dynamics, however it will be ...
4
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1answer
12k views

Calculate and add area of overlapping features within polygons

I have a polygon layer of watershed boundaries And a single multipart feature that contains all public lands for the state. I need to find the area of public lands within each watershed and add it ...
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2answers
9k views

Find and list all polygons that overlap with another polygon

I am working with two polygon layers which overlap but are unrelated (one is congressional district boundaries, the other is MPO area boundaries). I would like to generate a list of all the ...
8
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2answers
796 views

Finding polygons without right angles using Open Source GIS or ArcGIS for Desktop?

Now we are digitizing some buildings in specified area. The obligatory rule for this work - in most cases buildings should have right angles. We are using QGIS with CAD tools for this work but ...
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3answers
2k views

Calculating Length of Linestrings in WGS84 in Miles

I have a few thousand LINESTRING features in a MySQL database. I'm trying to figure out the cumulative length of all the lines -- in miles. Using the GLength function I can retrieve the length in (...
6
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3answers
8k views

Income data on a block level: how does a newbie do it?

I am a complete newbie at GIS data, and am trying to do the following: Figure out census blocks in Miami-Dade (and several other counties) that have average household incomes > $75,000 Get the ...
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2answers
1k views

Plugin for average distance from node to polyline in QGIS?

Is there a plugin available that will calculate this? EDIT 1: The red polyline is the average distance of the point to the black polyline. The red polyline is what I want to display. Alternatively, ...
4
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2answers
3k views

Creating square buffer in qgis

How can I create a buffer with square ends along a line segment in qgis? I've buffered lines using v.buffer in the GRASS plugin, but the -c option for square ends is not exposed in that interface. ...
3
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1answer
195 views

Distance matrix tool, how to include distances at 0 metres?

I have used the Vector -> Analysis Tools -> Distance matrix to merge two datasets by the closest points. But in my output csv file, the points that match exactly, or that has 0 metres between them ...
2
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0answers
1k views

Mean coordinates in QGIS

I am using QGIS v 1.7.4 for MAC and I am trying to calculate mean coordinates for a set of points using ftools. To calculate my result I am going to Vector -> Analysis tools -> mean ...
2
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0answers
334 views

Our best table-analysis with GIS? [closed]

Sometimes I think about possible analysis using GIS models (I use QGIS 1.8), and I always think about few types of visualization techniques: demographics, traffic flows, distance ones... Thanks to ...
2
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1answer
626 views

How to calculate the Zone of Impact using OpenWind

After downloading OpenWind, I am trying to calculate the ZVI for a single Turbine. There is no documention regarding this from the developers. At this point I just want to compare the output of the ...
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2answers
318 views

Analyse points within buffer [closed]

Quite new to using GIS and have a (probably very simple) question. I want to see if there is a greater occurrence of a species around a certain feature. i.e. is there a greater density of a species ...
1
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0answers
130 views

how to use line feature as stops input in network analyst?

I'm trying to build a certain route with network analyst on a Network Dataset. As an input to create the route I want to use line features. I am trying to do this with network analyst in ArcGIS 10.0 ...
0
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1answer
1k views

Classifying slope (flat, slope, steep, very steep) in QGIS? [duplicate]

I want to classify the slope of the DEM data, by dividing the slope by 4 classes: flat, ramps, steep, very steep. How to do this with QGIS?
0
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1answer
920 views

Nearest neighbor analysis not showing results

I'm trying to do a nearest neighbour analysis on fish shoals distribution. I go to Vector > Analysis Tools > Nearest neighbour analysis. I choose the appropriate layer and when I hit ok the black ...