Questions tagged [analysis]

The process of extracting geographic, statistical, geometric, or scientific information from one or more related collections of GIS features and data.

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46
votes
5answers
11k views

What are the benefits of hexagonal sampling polygons?

I am always on the lookout for useful methods to sample or partition study areas (usually in the form of raster datasets) into smaller units. Recently, I read an ESRI blog post about a new tool for ...
22
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2answers
364 views

Ways of expressing geographic questions in machine readable form

A core concept of GIS is answering questions about datasets. From the point of view of a database; SQL with spatial extensions is a way of asking such questions. What other ways can questions be ...
18
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3answers
1k views

Using GIS tools for non-geographical problems

Many other fields have visual/"spatial" problems that can potentially be solved with GIS tools. I know I've used GIS tools for the odd non-geographical task and was wondering how much this happens and ...
18
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1answer
497 views

What GIS analysis techniques were used in determining Gale Crater as the landing site for the Curiosity Rover?

What specific GIS analysis was used in determining Gale Crater as the landing site for the Curiosity Rover? I'm assuming factors such as slope, elevation, ruggedness, etc were used as well as ...
18
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1answer
3k views

Heatmap algorithm to visualise point diversity

Can anyone suggest an algorithm to generate a heatmap for visualising point diversity? An example application would be for mapping areas of high species diversity. For some species, every single plant ...
17
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2answers
369 views

Do any Basketball Coaches use GIS?

The LA Times has a leaflet map viewer app showing all 30,699 shots in Kobe Bryant's career. It seems like spatial analysis could be useful for certain coaching decisions. Are any coaches actually ...
16
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1answer
3k views

When dealing with rasters of varying resolutions should one resample to the highest or lowest resolution?

I'm looking for recommendations on best practices for dealing with raster data layers with different resolutions and projections. The advice I've been given is to always resample to the layer with the ...
14
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2answers
5k views

How to calculate average slope in a grid?

This is actually a two part question: Which methods are there to calculate average slope by unit (say km²) for a given area? Are there any special requirements on the data - like additional ...
13
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3answers
466 views

What practices are available for modelling land suitability?

I currently use a "classic" raster based approach of dividing a study area into cells. All input layers are converted to rasters at the same cell resolution and given a suitability rating. A final ...
12
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2answers
2k views

TRI, TPI, or Roughness

I am working on a site selection projection where I will be unable to perform any in situ observations. A key component of the selection process is the ruggedness of the underlying terrain. I plan ...
12
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1answer
538 views

Spatial operators in R?

How can I do spatial selections or filters in R? I can do this in PostGIS using (e.g.): SELECT * FROM mypoint, mypoly WHERE ST_Within(mypoint.geom, mypoly.geom); and it is similarly a piece of cake ...
12
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1answer
1k views

Understanding curvature filter of QGIS raster terrain analysis?

I have read the source code of several QGis-1.7.4 raster filters computing slope, aspect and curvature. There is a formula in the filter computing the total curvature that puzzles me. The source ...
11
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4answers
912 views

Point Pattern Analysis Algorithms

I'm looking for point pattern analysis algorithms and literature on point pattern analysis, online resources and book titles welcome. The topics may range from general descriptions of algorithms to ...
11
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2answers
245 views

How could I rate roads for scenic drives?

relative GIS newbie here. I've been working on a personal project to rate roads on how nice a ride they'd be on a motorcycle. I wrote a Python program to work through road data in the TIGER dataset (...
11
votes
1answer
213 views

What spatial analysis did the US Supreme Court review in the Perry v. Perez opinion?

The Supreme Court recently issued an opinion on Perry v. Perez which seems like it must have involved evidence based on spatial analysis. The L.A. Times reports: The 9-0 decision set aside a new ...
11
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2answers
1k views

Is there a described GIS method for creating catchment areas based on nearest driving distance?

ie. a combination of Voronoi polygons with isochrones, so that the Voronoi polygons are based on driving distance instead of Euclidean distance. Is there a name or a described method for this?
10
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1answer
1k views

Looking for a trajectory similarity measure

For my final academic work I have developed a compression algorithm for GPS trajectories. I can estimate the quality of the spatio-temporal compression by computing the syncronized euclidean distance (...
9
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4answers
1k views

What is spatial query tool for laymen?

I know nothing about GIS, but I have what I think is a GIS problem. From spending a few hours googling my problem, I think what I need to do is perform a spatial query, but I'm not sure how to go ...
9
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5answers
6k views

GIS analysis to find duplicate geometries

I have a big shapefile that contains all the buildings and houses of the town that I work in (approx. 90,000 features). The data of the buildings/houses are saved by the town's surveying engineers and ...
9
votes
1answer
888 views

PostGIS polygon edge analysis (orientation, edge length)

I am rather new to the world of GIS and especially PostGIS, so please excuse me if the answer seems evident... I would like to do analysis on a number of buildings. One thing I am interested in is ...
9
votes
1answer
513 views

Open source GIS tool for mapping health data

Im looking for an open source desktop gis tool that can be used for visualization and exploratory analysis. I want it to be interactive and perhaps display two or more maps at the same time to allow ...
9
votes
3answers
23k views

Analyzing differences between two shapefiles to put results into new shapefile?

I have two polygon shapefiles of the same region from two different years (1985 and 1997) and I need to analyse the differences between the two shapefiles resulting in a third polygon shapefile ...
9
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3answers
3k views

How to emulate Google Maps driving directions using pgRouting?

Would like to emulate google maps' driving directions functionality but use pgRouting instead. google's data over the project area & scale is quite a bit off so we want to use our own transport ...
9
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2answers
10k views

Creating noise maps using ArcGIS for Desktop or Open Source Desktop GIS? [closed]

In a previous role I helped create Noise Maps for Northern England. The predicted noise levels was done using the IMMI package (which I can recommend) and the cartographic output was done in ArcMap. ...
8
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1answer
3k views

What is the FME Equivalent to the ArcGIS Union tool?

I'm attempting to union 2 large featureclasses in ArcCatalog, QGIS, and FME. What is the transformer that would be equivalent to the ArcGIS Union tool?
8
votes
3answers
970 views

Identification of consecutive points within a specified buffer

I have a point file, hourly relocations of an animal, and I want to be able to place a buffer around each point and calculate the number of subsequent points which are within the buffer zone. I am ...
8
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4answers
2k views

How to represent bimodal attribute value distributions on a map

I'm looking for a visualisation method that enables me to represent bimodal or even multimodal attribute value distributions on line features. A bimodal distribution has two different modes that ...
8
votes
2answers
796 views

Finding polygons without right angles using Open Source GIS or ArcGIS for Desktop?

Now we are digitizing some buildings in specified area. The obligatory rule for this work - in most cases buildings should have right angles. We are using QGIS with CAD tools for this work but ...
8
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3answers
2k views

Temporal Analysis Tool: Seeking

I am looking for an alternative tool (proprietary or FOSS) that matches the functionality of Temporal Analyst for ArcGIS by DHI Software. The best I could get was the QGIS plugin Time Manager ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Looking for advice regarding solar potential applications

I have the task of looking into whether it is possible to build a solar potential application which would inform the user whether a roof is suitable for solar panels and a brief report about the roof´...
8
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1answer
289 views

Analysis of GPS error

I'm wondering if there have been any studies which attempt to analyze or characterize GPS error distribution over different situations/conditions (e.g. surrounded by tall buildings/mountains, ...
7
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4answers
6k views

How can I reproduce Getis-Ord GI* hot-spot analysis tool in QGIS?

I'm trying to find a hot-spot analysis plug-in for QGIS that would perform similarly to the Getis-Ord (Gi*) hot-spot analysis tool used in Arc, but have not been successful. Does anyone have a ...
7
votes
3answers
340 views

How to check if parcel is located by golf course

Is there any simple way for me to run millions of parcels through some type of script to see if a shape file parcel is on a golf course? For example if I have a layer that has all the golf courses and ...
7
votes
3answers
844 views

How to get a list of adjacent lots to a road in ArcMAP and PostGIS/QGIS?

In the following map, I have: A line / road layer A parcel / lot layer The Task: Find and count the list of lots adjacent to the road with their types (parcel_type is a field in the parcel layer) ...
7
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1answer
2k views

Split polylines at polygon boundaries in QGIS

I have a set of contour lines and a polygon set containing glaciers. Because I want the glaciers to have blue contours, I need to split the contour lines at the glacier boundaries. I can achieve this ...
7
votes
5answers
6k views

Calculating polygon length and width using open source GIS?

How can I calculate the length and with of polygons using open source tools? By "polygon length" I mean the length of the longest line within the polygon (update: to be correct, I just need the ...
6
votes
2answers
8k views

Where can I download a free dataset containing major ports across the world?

I am working on an analysis and would like to incorporate major maritime ports from across the world. Some initial searching turned up a dataset produced by General Dynamics, however it will be ...
6
votes
2answers
888 views

Disaggregating aggregate GIS data using remote sensing

I haven't really done much with remote sensing imagery. I have census data for an area, and a TIFF raster image of the area. I'm sure this is possible, is there a simple way to disaggregate the ...
6
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2answers
338 views

Finding lines in point patterns?

I have a point pattern (see below) in which I assume to find "significant" lines of points. However, I did not find any method that is integrated in a GIS or in R that searches for such line pattern ...
6
votes
2answers
251 views

What multiplier would you use for calculating estimated population?

Given a number of address points in a given area, what multiplier would you use for calculating estimated population? I have seen 2.5 in a few places, but I was wondering what the generally accepted ...
6
votes
2answers
10k views

Are GIS Analyst salaries going to always be so low? [closed]

I regularly see GIS Analyst job postings (often in very expensive cities) asking for a plethora of experience paying in the $40k - 60k a year range, many are even below $40k or $30k. Considering the ...
6
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4answers
4k views

Teaching GIS Project Workflow?

If you had to teach someone the key stages to a typical GIS Analysis project, what would be the best generic answer? I would like to see diagrams to illustrate this point. Do not think it requires ...
6
votes
3answers
8k views

Income data on a block level: how does a newbie do it?

I am a complete newbie at GIS data, and am trying to do the following: Figure out census blocks in Miami-Dade (and several other counties) that have average household incomes > $75,000 Get the ...
6
votes
1answer
448 views

Measuring Sinuosity of Walking Paths using QGIS?

I'm currently working on a project that examines the movement of consumers through different kinds of retail spaces in Central Asia – namely, bazaars versus supermarkets. I've equipped dozens of ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

Calculating Length of Linestrings in WGS84 in Miles

I have a few thousand LINESTRING features in a MySQL database. I'm trying to figure out the cumulative length of all the lines -- in miles. Using the GLength function I can retrieve the length in (...
5
votes
2answers
9k views

How to perform a slope analysis in QGIS? [duplicate]

I have contour information in the form of line features (see picture below) and I want to do a slope analysis in QGIS. Is it possible?
5
votes
2answers
2k views

How can I calculate the vertical distance to the nearest water?

Summary: I would like to create a raster where each cell contains the vertical distance to the nearest water (a decent approximation would be acceptable). The problem is that I'm not sure how to go ...
5
votes
1answer
634 views

Identifying south facing mountain land, above an elevation, within a slope range, less than fixed distance from major roadways

This odd question comes from believing that such an analysis is plausible in a GIS system. Only, I don't how to accomplish the various discrete steps implied from the Title, nor where to get a topo ...
5
votes
5answers
3k views

Spatial Join on two point featureclasses produces empty output featureclass

I have two point featureclasses that intersect each other. They are in the same projection and dataframe. The issue is, when I perform a Spatial Join the output point featureclass is empty. The file ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Plugin for average distance from node to polyline in QGIS?

Is there a plugin available that will calculate this? EDIT 1: The red polyline is the average distance of the point to the black polyline. The red polyline is what I want to display. Alternatively, ...