Questions tagged [database-design]

Database design is the process of specifying the logical and/or physical parts of a database.

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In a Network is Valve a Line or Point in GIS Standard?

I am designing a GIS Database related to Gas Network. In my opinion Valve equipment is a link equipment which can be closed or opened, So it should be a Line. But lots of clients gather this data as ...
Mohammad Zatkhahi's user avatar
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1 answer
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Adding“last modified” and “created” column in SQLite/SpatiaLite table

I am designing a new db schema for a SQLite/SpatiaLite database. Each table should get two extra columns called modified and created which should be automatically change as soon a row gets inserted ...
peter_msd's user avatar
1 vote
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PostGIS: proper way to model object that follows sections of another object's path?

First, apologies if this has been asked before. I don't really know how/what to search for, and am struggling to just put this question into words. I'm trying to model aerial utilities in a PostGIS ...
Azendale's user avatar
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3 votes
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Postgis : Geometry vs 3 geom columns in single table

Requirement: There a specific requirements where I need a geometry column in table to be flexible ( It can line or point or polygon or all of it ) Justification for requirements : main concern is ...
Abhijit Gujar's user avatar
8 votes
3 answers
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Can primary keys and foreign keys be used in versioned geodatabases?

I've been brushing up on relational database design theory, and I keep coming across primary keys (PKs) and foreign keys (FKs). PKs and FKs are said to be pillars of relational database design and ...
User1974's user avatar
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Database Table in SQL Server

I have an excel table. I created a database table in SQL Server database platform in ArcMap. I added fields, fields' data type, and domains to some data fields (columns). When I open the table, all I ...
Saroj Thapa's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
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How do partition tables improve query performance in PostGIS? [closed]

I have static road, country and state datasets in my PostGIS database. Road networks are partitioned by their containing country. Countries, States and other areas reside in their own table and are ...
jase81's user avatar
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GIS Workorder System [closed]

First off, these questions are relevant: https://dba.stackexchange.com/questions/7900/pros-and-cons-of-having-one-table-per-entity-vs-having-a-shared-table-with-an-e/7907#7907 https://dba....
twoLeftFeet's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
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Cloud based database solution [closed]

I'm looking for a cloud based database solution where I can store about 1 GB worth of tabular data and both myself and my client can access to perform SQL queries. I'm looking for this database to ...
pac_co's user avatar
  • 537
7 votes
1 answer
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GeoJson structure

I currently designing a table/document database structure and use GeoJson to store points and routes. Currently I choose MongoDb, I will consider PostGIS later. I want to store route info for public ...
CallMeLaNN's user avatar
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Adding a column of WKT format in the table (postgreSQL)

I want to include this column of data that are in WKT format (they are mostly straight lines). What data type should I use? I need to create this database for mapping. There are about 30000 features ...
LLLisa's user avatar
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How are section of roads uniquely identified (in both directions) by Google Maps?

I am wondering whether roads around the world are uniquely identified by a certain value in Google Maps? If so, are they mapped uniquely in terms of their direction? i.e is route A to B is identified ...
Brandon Seet's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
186 views

Seeking web service that returns elevation profile between two points and can process 5000 requests per second

I need a web service that provides elevation profile data between two coordinates with request rates at a minimum of 2000 requests per second but preferably at 5000 per second. The distance between ...
johnklawlor's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
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Creating spatial database with many categories that have same set of values?

I am working on creating a spatial database of county agricultural data where each county has multiple crops (30+) and for every crop there are several production metrics (yield, harvested area, ...
RyanM's user avatar
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12 votes
4 answers
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How to model a graveyard - one point per deceased or one per grave? [closed]

This is a continuation of my previous question about our project on how to economically get away with the implementaion of a graveyard in a GIS system… On the graveyard we can find Regular ...
Patrick Van Den Noortgaete's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
350 views

Spatial+Temporal database request for 4D intersection

Here is the function I need to implement. My application deals with mobile objects with variable position and range (think of radar range). As I can't test each minute if n mobiles detect each other (...
Zofren's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
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How to build a relational database system with 4 tables in arcgis desktop?

I have been given data from an working online application which consists of a relational model. My aim is to recreate the model using Arcgis Desktop. I have the table "elements" containing Point ...
Robert Buckley's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
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Strategies for managing (and ultimately merging) duplicate business locations in a spatial database

I am working on a project right now that involves using multiple (very large) "location directories" to identify with the highest possible inclusiveness, a diverse set of business locations. These ...
boulder_ruby's user avatar
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7 votes
3 answers
659 views

Roadmap to creating a GIS? [closed]

Got asked that today in a job interview, I replied with the usual : Gather Data : what data do we want, do we possess it ? If not how to do we acquire it, etc. Database : after we have successfully ...
1 vote
1 answer
567 views

QGIS Value Map Edit Widget with properties dependent on another field

I'm having a problems with Edit Widgets in QGIS. I'm working on a GIS Database for archaeological data, where every site is represented by a polygon. In the attributes there is a field for the era ...
user20875's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
375 views

Traversing a PostGIS table tree

I'm developing a geospatial db for a company that operates at a number of large facilities. Its primary purpose is to help staff locate themselves and equipment within each facilities' multi-storey ...
Nick's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
455 views

Setting up foundational OSGeo enterprise GIS? [closed]

First let me describe the task: My lab has approached me about setting up a simple GIS for a colleagues 'non-spatial' lab. There are a couple of key characteristics to the intended setup: Fully open ...
svh160's user avatar
  • 172
5 votes
2 answers
360 views

Is adding a new table for every layer a good design idea?

Is it a good design idea to maintain separate tables for each layer in a PostGIS database?. Every layer is defined by users. A user creates his/her layer say ATM location. That's meant by defined by ...
rkm's user avatar
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7 votes
2 answers
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Should I use ISO 3166-1 Numeric codes as Primary Keys for Countries in a database table?

My main concern is, will one country ever adopt a numeric code that has been used for another in the past, such as can happen with alphanumeric 3166-1 codes? If not, then it seems like a perfect ...
CrazyTim's user avatar
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2 answers
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creating one tree to many observations in qgis

Looking to create a database for QGIS where each point represents a tree (with name attribute) and another table of observations about each tree over time. Ideally I can update tree location in QGIS ...
cbudd's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
11k views

How to design a database for continents, countries, regions, cities and POIs?

I'm brand new to GIS programming and I am designing a GIS application. Target is to create system with continents, countries, regions (including states, sub-regions, provinces), cities and places in ...
Michal Kubenka's user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
5k views

Creating unique IDs for file geodatabase using ArcGIS for Desktop?

I use ArcEditor licence level, ArcGIS 10.0 version, and we're talking about a file geodatabase. I have several feature classes (electric energy domain) and I want to connect them using relationship ...
Ligia's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
1k views

What's a good way store borehole data in SQLite / SpatiaLite?

I have a bunch of bores / wells with downhole data. The 'header' info for each borehole can easily go into a single table, but I'm wondering how best to store the downhole log data. Typically they are ...
a different ben's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
3k views

Is there a way to have a single point feature with multiple records?

Is there a way to have a single point feature and have multiple attributes records associated with it? Multipoint approach won't work as it gives me one attribute set (database row). I am trying to ...
Erick's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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Attributes that characterize a geodetic track

I need a way to index and retrieve a large amount of track data. To do this I need to derive from every track as many attributes as I can. For now, I derive Name Tortuosity Speed (average, max) ...
BAD_SEED's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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Importing/copying geodatabase schema from multiple tables to single table?

I have an existing ArcGIS 10 geodatabase which has a complicated schema containing multiple tables and joins, and I wish to simplify this for faster web delivery. For example, Featureclass1 is ...
Stephen Lead's user avatar
14 votes
4 answers
3k views

Database design: road topology in GIS

Is there a standard or a best practice way to store certain features about roads: Road directionality: One way streets: Roads going in one direction only Center Turning lanes: roads that exist ...
dassouki's user avatar
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5 votes
4 answers
659 views

Record Date and User for an edited feature

The client has a Feature Class in SDE 9.3.1. When a feature in the feature class is edited the client wants to automatically record the date/time and who edited it in the feature class attributes. ...
brenth's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
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Sharding of geospatial data

Reading through Rosenberg & Mateos' The Cloud at Your Service I stumbled upon the concept of database sharding. Authors point out to several advantages of such approach including high (online) ...
radek's user avatar
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11 votes
2 answers
2k views

Designing Spatial Database for temporal Data? [closed]

I am working on a Weather based GIS App. I have the data from several weather stations, and this data will updated daily (by a web service). The obstacles I am facing are: There are currently 40 ...
Devdatta Tengshe's user avatar
11 votes
1 answer
724 views

Is it possible to maintain primary keys on versioned featureclasses without arcobjects code?

Since it is not a good idea to use ObjectIDs as primary keys in relationships, some other column will need to be used. Is it possible to use DBMS sequences to populate primary key columns in ...
Kirk Kuykendall's user avatar
14 votes
2 answers
2k views

When is it safe to use ObjectIDs as keys in a relationship class?

I've always avoided using ObjectIDs when defining relationship classes. It is my understanding that some actions on a geodatabase will re-set objectIDs (like import/export). However I do see a lot ...
Kirk Kuykendall's user avatar
16 votes
5 answers
3k views

Is good database design less important for spatial databases?

I have a strong feeling that database design and normalisation often comes in second hand when dealing with spatial data. With software costing a fortune and databases with over 100 fields tables I ...
Nicklas Avén's user avatar