Questions tagged [dem]

For questions about Digital Elevation Models (DEM), Digital Terrain Models (DTM) and Digital Surface Models (DSM)

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
10
votes
4answers
7k views

Determining bare earth DEM from unclassified LAS file?

I have data in LAS format with RGB values created from aerial photogrammetry using a UAV. I am trying to find a solution to extract the bare earth DEM from the point cloud. I have tried SAGA, ...
17
votes
5answers
12k views

Using SRTM Global DEM for Slope calculation?

I have downloaded SRTM GDEM (~90 km resolution). I am using ArcGIS 10. I have tried to use spatial analyst to compute for slope. However, I can not compute for the slope. The output values has ...
100
votes
6answers
155k views

Differences between DEM, DSM and DTM?

I am listing some of the acronyms used in our work and had to stop to think about whether to list these together or separately: DEM: Digital Elevation Model DSM: Digital Surface Model DTM: Digital ...
8
votes
3answers
4k views

Normalizing point cloud data

How I can get Digital Height Model (only object heights, DSM - DTM = DHM)? Many applications can do this, but they convert it to GRID or TIN format. I was wondering if it was possible to keep the ...
33
votes
2answers
39k views

Creating DEM from contours in QGIS?

I have a shapefile with contours and their heights. Is it possible to make a DEM from contours in QGIS without using GRASS? I found Creating DEM from contours using ArcGIS Desktop? but the answer ...
7
votes
5answers
15k views

Converting LiDAR data to raster (DEM/DSM) for ArcGIS input?

I was wondering if there is an option to convert LiDAR data (.las) to a raster/grid (DEM/DSM) format that ArcGIS 10.0 can read?
18
votes
5answers
7k views

Splitting raster into smaller chunks using GDAL?

I have a raster (USGS DEM actually) and I need to split it up into smaller chunks like the image below shows. That was accomplished in ArcGIS 10.0 using the Split Raster tool. I would like a FOSS ...
12
votes
3answers
19k views

Generating DEM from contour Shapefile using QGIS?

I want to create a DEM from depth contours (shapefile) in QGIS. I've been trying to work out how to do this based on this previous question, notably from this link from that page, however I'm stuck, ...
3
votes
2answers
4k views

Getting incorrect slope values from an ASTER DEM in QGIS?

I have a DEM layer from ASTER satellite and I want to get the slope information from it. I use terrain analysis > slope, but the output is so wrong. Why is that? Here is the DEM: And here is the "...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

How to de-noise a DSM?

I have created a DEM, DSM, and nDSM from a LiDAR Point Cloud using SAGA-GIS. I extracted the appropriate returns from the point cloud, then converted to grid, and then closed gaps to fill in any ...
5
votes
2answers
10k views

How to perform a slope analysis in QGIS? [duplicate]

I have contour information in the form of line features (see picture below) and I want to do a slope analysis in QGIS. Is it possible?
16
votes
7answers
35k views

Viewing LIDAR data (.las) in QGIS?

Is there an easy path to visualizing LIDAR data in QGIS? I have some USGS LIDAR data in .las format downloaded from http://lidar.cr.usgs.gov/. This means I have both the .las and metadata in .xml ...
5
votes
2answers
7k views

Colouring areas between (vector) contours?

Is it possible to colour areas between (vector) contours without making it a DEM first? Joshdoe seems to have done so in Create filled contour map with GRASS but does not say how.
6
votes
4answers
10k views

Creating DEM from LAS file without using LAStools?

I want to create a ground model from a *.las file. The LAStools are available in QGIS but limited in use (generation of black diagonal in result file), so I can't use this. In the GRASS tools I can ...
6
votes
1answer
781 views

Slope analysis from NED data gives crazy histogram? [duplicate]

I'm attempting a simple slope analysis in QGIS2 using the plugin at Raster -> Terrain Analysis -> Slope. The slope output layer has a very strange histogram, basically spikes at 0 and at 89.9098 with ...
7
votes
3answers
3k views

LiDAR (.las) to bare-earth DEM: average points spacing and cell size?

I am using ArcGIS 10.1 to generate a DEM (bare earth) from LAS dataset. To accomplish this, I use Las Dataset to Raster tool as described in Esri website. I have read here and there in the web that ...
5
votes
1answer
384 views

Slope layer with false results in QGIS? [duplicate]

After the DEM creation, I wanted to create slope layer. However, the result has not satisfied me. I don't think the slope map is correct. Have you ever encountered false calculated terrain map? ...
12
votes
4answers
5k views

Comparing two Digital Elevation Models (DEMs) from LAS files?

I have two LiDAR files (.las), one is original let's say with X points. And the other is copy of the first .las file but with Y points, where Y is less than X. Now, I want to compare the Digital ...
10
votes
2answers
3k views

What is the source of horizontal and vertical striping in USGS DEMs?

When processing 30m and 10m DEM data downloaded through the National Map Viewer from the National Elevation Dataset, we noticed horizontal and vertical striping not only in the produced results, but ...
10
votes
3answers
21k views

How to create contour lines from point data using QGIS?

I'm using QGIS 2.4.0 and I have a shapefile of points with elevation data and X and Y coordinates. I'm using windows 7 OS. The idea is to create a contour line SHP using my point data. My question ...
5
votes
3answers
4k views

Generating STL (3D) file from raster ASTER GDEM data?

I load an ASTER data to Global Mapper workspace and try to export to STL file, receive the message that I need a 3D vector file. I tried all formats in GM, grid xyz, dem, contour in vector format ...
44
votes
5answers
18k views

Smoothing DEM using GRASS?

I have a SRTM DEM and I want to create a shaded relief from it. I created the shaded relief in GRASS and the result is very nice, but a little rough because the area is near flat and the DEM is 90m in ...
16
votes
4answers
8k views

Calculating elevation profile along line from a DEM?

Given a DEM (Digital Elevation Model) and a line (x1,y1) --> (x2,y2) (paired coordinates (x,y)), how can one calculate the elevation profile or cross-section projected on that line? I am looking for ...
10
votes
7answers
72k views

Extracting raster DEM elevations to vector attribute tables in ArcGIS Desktop?

I have an ArcMap 10 project with multiple layer groups. One layer is a raster DEM, another layer group is a bunch of vector shapefiles (including points, lines and polygons). The client wants all ...
9
votes
3answers
5k views

Workflow for determining stream gradient?

As far as data goes, I'm working with NHD .shp files, 10m DEMs, and some LIDAR data. My goal is to determine gradient for 100m segments of a network of streams. I'm already able to do this, but I ...
8
votes
4answers
2k views

Extracting Values to Points without ArcGIS Spatial Analyst?

I have a raster DEM & multiple points. I want to determine the DEM elevation at each point. Other than manually examining the DEM at each point, (very time consuming with lots of points) is ...
8
votes
1answer
15k views

Creating DEM from Point Data using QGIS?

My boss gave me a small 3D-point-shapefile and asked me to make an DEM from it, which I should put together with an older DEM of the same site, which was made with Surfer. I created a raster-layer ...
4
votes
1answer
253 views

Selecting LiDAR return point type in LiDAR dataset with ArcPy?

I am trying to create a Digital Earth Model (DEM) using ArcPy under ArcGIS Pro 2, but I am running into some problems. I can generate a DEM within ArcGIS Pro by selecting only the ground points ...
10
votes
1answer
6k views

Python Script for getting elevation difference between two points

I have several stream segments 1000 Km long. I need to find the elevation difference between two consecutive points of distance 1 Km starting from the upstream to downstream. How can I get the ...
6
votes
2answers
10k views

Seeking tool to generate Mesh from DTM?

Are there any tools that can take a DTM, in asc or geotiff format and generate a mesh from this that can used in meshlab or similar software. I have asc DTM file that I need to convert to a ply mesh ...
11
votes
1answer
44k views

Calculating elevation profile for a polyline in ArcGIS 10?

My elevation data is a floating point tif. I have a road for which I need to calculate the elevation profile, but I can't see the tools to do this. Can I do this with ArcGIS, with spatial analyst/3D ...
11
votes
2answers
46k views

Creating DEM from contours using ArcGIS Desktop?

I have a large set of contours that I received broken down into several different subsets. I have merged most of the subsets together creating a larger set of contours in three different files. I have ...
8
votes
3answers
6k views

Getting subbasin area of each specified river segment?

I have a DEM file of one district, and I have used those following tools in spatial analyst tools in ArcGIS 10.1 to get files related to the original DEM file: Fill Flow direction Flow accumulation ...
6
votes
2answers
7k views

Exporting DEM-derived rasters to CSV from QGIS?

I have been able to import into QGIS a set of raster topographic maps and the associated DEM raster maps. It registered the two for me. From there I have calculated the associated slope raster map. ...
4
votes
4answers
3k views

How to calculate peaks in a DEM

How could I extract all peaks from a DEM (large mountainous area)? Peak means something like: a pixel which is sourrounded by other pixels with smaler elevation numbers in a area arround the "peak-...
48
votes
7answers
50k views

Choosing colour-ramp to use for elevation?

This is maybe rather subjective as it concerns style, but I would like to have a few decent colour ramps for my DEM when it is layed over my hill-shading. I have created the Swiss hillshade model as ...
34
votes
3answers
4k views

Creating transparent hillshade?

I get elegant transparent hillshades via a combination gdal and convert. Compare to grey-based hillshade commonly used, such transparent hillshades are very cool because they can be placed between the ...
13
votes
2answers
4k views

How to build an artificial 'dam' across a river?

I have a DEM. Created all files related to watershed including accumulation, direction, streams etc... I'm stuck creating a dam. I request you to please let me know how to build an artificial 'dam' ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

Programmatically download (seamless) NED tiles?

I used to download 1/3 arcsecond elevation geotiffs from extract.cr.usgs.gov using web services. But a few days ago, that stopped working, probably because USGS reorganized their site. I tried ...
6
votes
2answers
7k views

Merging Raster Datasets of Different Resolutions using ArcGIS Desktop? [on hold]

I am using ArcGIS Desktop. I have two DEMs in .tif format and I am looking to merge the two. The main problem with merging these are that they are different resolutions (one is 10m and one is ~20m). ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

Partially updating raster (DEM)?

How to update an .img DEM in ArcView 9.3? I do have DEM which need to be updated only if few parts. The area to be updated has been produced in separate DEM with Spline Interpolation with Barriers. ...
6
votes
1answer
5k views

What is the highest obtainable resolution of FREE elevation data in the UK?

I am seeking closure with this question guys. I am aware of various sources of free elevation data ~30+ m, and I have been searching for higher resolution FREE data for a while now. This already ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

How to calculate te area between contour lines on a DEM with QGIS 1.8?

Does anyone know how to calculate the area in km² for each altitudinal band (between 100 and 200, 200 and 300...) based on a DEM? I added the contour lines with a distance of 100 metres but could not ...
4
votes
2answers
953 views

Classifying raw LAS data as bare earth in ArcGIS for Desktop?

I have a raw LAS data that has only one return (no second/ third.. return) and not classified yet. The only information I have is intensity and elevation. Is there any way that I can classify bare ...
2
votes
2answers
326 views

Pixelated DSM using LAS Dataset to Raster?

I am using ArcGIS 10.2.2, and I am trying to create a DSM out of some LIDAR data. After checking the LAS Dataset properties, I see that I have an average point spacing of approx 0.3. I tried ...
18
votes
3answers
2k views

Account for bridge overpasses in a ground DEM to allow for water flow under the overpass

I have a bare earth DEM made from lidar data (A). It works well and has passed all accuracy tests. It is used in storm surge models. The problem we are having is on underpasses. I need to allow water ...
7
votes
2answers
9k views

Creating catchment from point using DTM raster in QGIS? [closed]

I need to find a better way to delineate a catchment from a given point on a watercourse using a DTM - currently I am either using FEH, or if the catchment is too small using contours to draw manually....
15
votes
6answers
17k views

Burning stream network into DEM layer using ArcGIS Desktop?

I am working on a DEM that in an area where there is little relief. I would like to 'burn' the river network into the DEM so I can calculate flow accumulation and flow length accurately. I am ...
13
votes
4answers
10k views

Downloading DEM data for US?

USGS has been moving towards serving data through The National Map Viewer. They have several WMServices through their website that serve elevation data to the public (hillshade & DEM). The ...
16
votes
3answers
4k views

Removing elevation trend over sloped surfaces?

Is there a known methodology for removing the trend from a DEM surface? For example, if I had a DEM of a river, that river would flow from high elevation (upstream) to lower elevations (downstream). ...