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Questions tagged [dem]

For questions about Digital Elevation Models (DEM), Digital Terrain Models (DTM) and Digital Surface Models (DSM)

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4
votes
1answer
2k views

How to give elevation information to a polygon feature class using existing TIN file ? (geological mapping)

I'm an ArcGIS 10.1 user. My issue: I have a printed form of a map which depicts geological bodies being surface rock occurence. Additionaly, there are elevation contour lines. I digitized the map by ...
4
votes
1answer
390 views

Elevation maps from point clouds: TPS vs. other methods?

In the reply to another question, @thehealingprocess refers to "...a comparison of interpolation methods for interpolating elevation maps from LiDAR clouds, and in almost all scenarios thin plate ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

When computing flow direction, the D8 algorithm is used - are there major differences if others are used?

I am a student working with Hydrological models. Within these models we can route water across a DEM (within a delineated watershed or just within an un-delineated DEM) using many different flow ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

QGIS DEM (Terrain models) Mode Slope creates wrong data [duplicate]

I have a DEM raster file downloaded from the USGS site. The file can be downloaded here. I am trying to create a slope raster in percent with the DEM tool in QGIS. The GDAL command is the following: ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

How to create 3D water depth with ArcScene?

I was trying to visualize flood depth in 3D using ArcScene. What I had for this purposes are: high-resolution DTM of the valley orthophoto and Raster with flood depth information. I have draped the ...
1
vote
1answer
5k views

Fill sinks error in arcHydro [closed]

I am working on a project that is modeling runoff at a county level. The DEM used is lidar derived and has a 5 ft resolution. The general workflow I am flowing is Sink evaluation Sink Selection (to ...
1
vote
3answers
805 views

Calculate Number Of Pixels Visible From Pixel

I am looking for a way in which to take an input DEM and create an output raster whose pixel's value is the count of pixels "visible" from that location. I use ArcGIS with Spatial Analyst, but also ...
2
votes
2answers
189 views

What are the ways we can control the quality of a DTM?

I imagine that for DTM obtained from Stereoscopic procedures or interpolation from a set of topographic points a comparaison with the original data can help, but what for DTM obtained from Remote ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Where can I obtain 3D data for Singapore?

I am looking for providers of 3D maps/models of Singapore. This might be either from photogrammetry/laser techniques or based on a DEM + building footprints/landuse with a height attribute. Is any ...
1
vote
0answers
96 views

Defining uphill side of roads using ArcGIS Desktop? [closed]

I have a big raster of a mountainous region, and I need to extract the uphill side of roads, from the road to the peaks of the mountains. For a road, I know the uphill side changes to become the ...
0
votes
1answer
508 views

How determine data type of points in geotiff DTM?

I have some DTMs in geotiff files. I need to read them in C# and I've decided to use libtiff for that purpose. After some investigations, I've found that there are tiled tiffs, so I use ReadTile ...
1
vote
1answer
631 views

How to use ArcMap for HydroPower Potential

I am trying to determine the sites for small hydropower. I have a elevation dem, rainfall data, Curve number data (from soil and landuse shapefiles). I have already used the DEM to fill sinks, find ...
3
votes
2answers
842 views

Merging DEMs of different grid size

I'm trying to merge two grids with different cell size. One has a cell size of 10m and the other 50m. The 10m one covers a subarea of the 50m one. I know that the most accurate one is the 10m one and ...
0
votes
1answer
224 views

DEM difference looks like a hillshade

I wanted to find the elevation difference between 2 DEMs. When I got the data, I had to georef one image and had to aggregated it too because their cell values do not match. I also tried to resample ...
5
votes
4answers
5k views

Creating DSM and DTM from a LAS using a freeware solution

Is it possible to export a surface and terrain model files from an aerial, LiDAR point cloud (LAS) set? I am using SAGA GIS for very basic operations, but I couldn't find this option (and I have a ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Adjusting Z Units on a DEM

I am learning how to use ArcHydro and attempting to change the Z Units because I get a warning message saying the Spatial Reference Doesn't Match. The DEM was in Meters, and I adjusted the Z Unit to ...
11
votes
9answers
24k views

Open source tool to convert a DEM to a 3D model

I would like to convert a DEM (Digitial Elevation Model) file (e.g. from SRTM) into a 3D model that I can then edit with regular 3D modeling tools (e.g. Meshlab/Blender/etc.). However I'm using Ubuntu ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

Create Contours From a DEM without 3D or Spatial Analyst

I'm wondering if there is a way to create contours from a DEM using ArcGIS without 3D or Spatial Analyst Extensions. I know that there are a few questions out there pertaining to this (How to create ...
3
votes
2answers
15k views

How to produce a CSV file from .tif file with elevation data? [duplicate]

just want to ask, I have a .tif file that contains all the elevation of a country. How can I convert that to a CSV file that contains x,y,z values where x and y are the latitude longitude respectively ...
8
votes
2answers
7k views

How do you identify ridges on an elevation raster?

I was wondering whether anyone might be able to tell me in layman's terms how to extract or differentiate between ridges and hilltops from 10m elevation data using ArcGIS 10.1?
2
votes
2answers
873 views

Terrain Accessibility map using GIS (ArcGIS or QGIS)

I need to make an accessibility map showing the walking distance based on the terrain and availability of road networks, could anyone point me in the right direction where i could learn to do so. ...
7
votes
4answers
3k views

What are the most efficient Geographic Weighted Regression packages?

What are the most memory efficient open source packages for calculating a geographically weighted regression (GWR)? I am in a situation where I need to do a geographically weighted regression on a ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

DEM/Raster Peak and Valley identification and/or elimination (non-generalization)

I am an curious is there is a tool or process that can identify and/or eliminate obvious peaks and valleys in a DEM. I have looked into smoothing but I am interested in keeping the original sharpness ...
8
votes
2answers
7k views

DEM Elevation Units

I'm fairly new to the GIS world, and have a quick question. I'm currently using ArcGIS 10.1. I do not know much about rasters, so does transforming a DEM from one projection to another automatically ...
23
votes
1answer
29k views

Choosing IDW vs Kriging Interpolation for DEM creation?

I'm trying to create a DEM using point data spaced very regularly about 10m apart. The area I am interpolating is an educational facility with many flat parking lots and football fields but still has ...
1
vote
1answer
3k views

Creating Cost Surface Raster for Least Cost Path Analysis?

I have a DEM raster and would like to carry out a cost path analysis. Among other factors such as slope, proximity rivers etc. I would also like to take elevation into consideration. According to ...
0
votes
1answer
198 views

Generate subcatchment starting from a DTM [duplicate]

I would like to know if there is a plug-in in Quantum GIS, which can help me to generate subcatchments starting from a DTM.
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Create DEM from cartosat stereo pairs?

I have two carstosat stereo pair images. All i need to do is to extract DEM from those. So, i tried it doing with OSGeo4W. but i didn't succeeded in it. So IS there any other softwares or opensource ...
6
votes
2answers
6k views

Drawing irregularly shaped boundary polygon around set of LAS points using ArcMap?

I am working with a set of LAS data which is irregularly shaped, picture a starfish as the point coverage, surrounding the starfish may be water on one side, may be more land elsewhere but no points ...
10
votes
3answers
705 views

Preventing reflective surface in rasterVis?

I have been experimenting with digital terrain model files in ESRI ASCII grid raster format. Despite zero experience with this type of data I found it very easy to load into R, as per code below. The ...
2
votes
1answer
529 views

Understanding datum and elevation of NASA ASTER DTM?

I have downloaded some data from http://asterweb.jpl.nasa.gov/gdem.asp I would like to relate the elevations to some coastal data which is estimated to a specific ordnance dataum. Can anyone tell ...
8
votes
3answers
6k views

Getting subbasin area of each specified river segment?

I have a DEM file of one district, and I have used those following tools in spatial analyst tools in ArcGIS 10.1 to get files related to the original DEM file: Fill Flow direction Flow accumulation ...
1
vote
0answers
89 views

qgis - slope from DEM - errors due to projection and oversimplified 'z factor' [duplicate]

I'm trying to generate a slope raster from a DEM raster. It seems there is a pretty significant error due to the 'z-factor' option. I'm fairly new to this, but some other posts and responses ...
0
votes
0answers
83 views

determine the catchment area from dem or hillshade [duplicate]

I want to determine the catchment area of river from hillside. Is there a plugin that I can use in qgis ?
1
vote
1answer
246 views

How to: script convertion from SRTM to 3D printable file?

Given a STRM3.tiff file as input. How to convert this STRM.tiff file into a 3D printable file ? which I may load into most 3D printers' sofwares. My objective is to print some terran, lunar, or ...
0
votes
1answer
126 views

Changing slopes derived from DEM using ArcGIS Desktop? [closed]

I have a DEM for a region over which I want to simulate an ecological process. I would like to run several simulations for the same region but I want to alter the topography for the simulations. ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Creating Random Points in ArcGIS 10.1

I would like to create random points across my study area (which is a DEM raster) using the Feature Class> Create Random Points. However, I need to select/copy/move/delete these points and re-arrange ...
0
votes
2answers
199 views

Two r.mapcalc calculations return a much bigger raster cell size than the input raster

I tried the following calculations with a GeoTiff sample, having a cell size of 25m: Calculating the togographic exposure (TOPEX) and estimating the mean topographic curvature Both, the resulting ...
2
votes
0answers
371 views

Whats the best way to create bathymetric contour lines?

I have a raster dataset with both Topographic and Bathymetric stored in it. What is the best way to create exact contours of the lake-bed? This becomes tricky when I want to make the contour for depth ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

How to identify valleys on DEM in ArcGIS 10.1 [closed]

First, What is the best and easiest way to identify valleys in a DEM raster? Second, how do you create a least-cost pathway for each valley in a region based on low angle slope and proximity to ...
7
votes
2answers
8k views

Cropping Geotiff with gdalwarp

I downloaded a geotiff from the recently published 25m-DEM of the European Union (see: http://courses.neteler.org/eu-dem-new-digital-surface-model-at-25m/). One tile has about 5GB so I would like to ...
6
votes
1answer
789 views

Slope analysis from NED data gives crazy histogram? [duplicate]

I'm attempting a simple slope analysis in QGIS2 using the plugin at Raster -> Terrain Analysis -> Slope. The slope output layer has a very strange histogram, basically spikes at 0 and at 89.9098 with ...
4
votes
4answers
3k views

How to calculate peaks in a DEM

How could I extract all peaks from a DEM (large mountainous area)? Peak means something like: a pixel which is sourrounded by other pixels with smaler elevation numbers in a area arround the "peak-...
6
votes
2answers
467 views

Automating creation of toe of slope from DEM using ArcGIS for Desktop?

I was looking for an automated process to "identify" the toe of a slope from a DEM and ran across this ESRI thread and technique: I am at Step 7 but have no idea how this is accomplished. I get it is ...
0
votes
1answer
356 views

calculate least cost pathways for a region and create distance rasters to rivers [duplicate]

How do you calculate all the least cost pathways that exists for a region? I would like the output map to display all routes (and was wondering whether this can be done in one set of operations). I ...
3
votes
1answer
959 views

converting vectors to raster (burning streams)

I converted my stream vector to a raster file (using polyline to raster conversion tool). I anticipated that I would get a No Data row in the raster file attribute table, so that I could use a ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

How to perform a Cost Path analysis in ArcGIS 10.1?

Is it possible to model the easiest pathway through a landscape between many points (rather than just two)? I want to carry out a cost-path analysis, I would like to display the easiest pathways ...
35
votes
2answers
15k views

Proper workflow for LAS to DEM conversion

I regularly come across LiDAR (.LAS) files with elevation data. When I do, I always struggle to find a way of converting them to a DEM for hydrological analysis. I have developed several workflows, ...
2
votes
1answer
399 views

Viewshed analysis and coordinate systems ArcGIS 10.1

I am trying to run a viewshed analysis and I've downloaded DEM data from the UK ordnance survey (Landform-panorama). Since the data is in ASCII format I have created a seamless raster mosaic (and used ...
3
votes
1answer
622 views

Choosing the right parameters to interpolate a DEM from contours

I have a 5 meter interval contour lines feature class which I would like to interpolate to a DEM. I am well aware of at least 2 tools ("tin to raster" and "topo to raster") which can help me with ...