Questions tagged [dem]

For questions about Digital Elevation Models (DEM), Digital Terrain Models (DTM) and Digital Surface Models (DSM)

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
3
votes
2answers
522 views

Hillshade for 30m NED at continental scale

I'm new to terrain analysis. I have a 30m NED DEM (.tif) for the conterminous US. I would like to generate a nice looking hillshade for the US, but it looks bad - as in pixelated and rough (See image)....
5
votes
2answers
4k views

Calculating volume of several DEMs to obtain elevation and volume changes using ArcGIS Desktop?

I am trying to calculate the volume of several DEMs in order to obtain elevation and volume changes. I have pixels of 1x1 each one associated to an elevation. I used several methods but non of them ...
5
votes
1answer
25k views

How to find the number of raster bands?

I have downloaded a 7.5 min DEM . Now while I am trying to mosaic them it gives me an error saying "Input and target dataset should have the same number of bands" . How can I figure out the number of ...
6
votes
5answers
7k views

Calculating Runoff / Streams using DEM in ArcGIS

I am just curious about the workflow that many of you use for runoff/stream analysis using a DEM and create a "water network" from the results in ArcGIS 10.1? I know the average rainfall for different ...
0
votes
1answer
199 views

How to find locations for hydro power using raster analysis?

I have a stream network and DEM file both in raster format. I need to extract values from DEM to stream network. For the analysis in stream network after that, I need to find out the places for hydro ...
2
votes
1answer
505 views

Input data format and read multiple files into Grass 6.4.1

I am trying to read in multiple (hundreds, thousand) LiDAR ascii files into Grass. They contain elevation data. I think I have managed one, and I can make a map of elevations, using File, Import ...
10
votes
3answers
3k views

How to extract breaklines from a given DEM?

Breaklines are very useful for describing a terrain - for example to build an exact TIN. My question is, how to extract these breaklines from a given DEM? I calculated the curvature (vertical) - ...
10
votes
1answer
6k views

Python Script for getting elevation difference between two points

I have several stream segments 1000 Km long. I need to find the elevation difference between two consecutive points of distance 1 Km starting from the upstream to downstream. How can I get the ...
9
votes
3answers
11k views

How to transform GPX-tracks into elevation-tracks with any GIS?

I have a GPS track in GPX format available from a recent bike tour and I need and want to do some analysis on the tracks. I'm wondering whether there is any way to transform the GPX data into an ...
5
votes
1answer
672 views

Shapefile and DEM: check rivers behaviour

I'm working with shapefiles representing rivers (rivers.shp), and DEM for the terrain elevation (terrain.tif). Basically, I want to check that my rivers (stored as polylines in my shapefile) behave ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

TMS or WMS source(s) for DEM data tiles?

I'm spinning my wheels trying to find an existing, free source for TMS or WMS elevation data that doesn't involve a long-winded clickabout or an emailed url. This question has a similar purpose, but ...
3
votes
2answers
4k views

min and max values are not correctly calculated for DEM

I'm working with DEM in QGIS and need to know the min and max values of my data. In the Properties window, under the Metadata tab, the statistics section shows such values. However, I usually find ...
6
votes
2answers
7k views

Merging Raster Datasets of Different Resolutions using ArcGIS Desktop? [on hold]

I am using ArcGIS Desktop. I have two DEMs in .tif format and I am looking to merge the two. The main problem with merging these are that they are different resolutions (one is 10m and one is ~20m). ...
2
votes
1answer
8k views

Convert DEM to STL (3D Printer Format)

I have a DEM in ArcGIS 10.1 that I would like to get into STL format for a 3D printer. Does anyone know some software that will allow me to make this conversion? I have to use the STL format because ...
4
votes
1answer
959 views

Watershed extraction using different DEM tiles

I would like to extract the watersheds for a particular area using QGIS. However, I only have Aster 30m DEMs to work with, each tile covering one degree square. The problem is that I need to use ...
2
votes
1answer
352 views

Computing global DEM topographic indices and compromising projections?

I would like to compute global topographic indices based on SRTM elevation data. These indices are computed along river/channel networks extracted from a DEM and are a functions of both local slope ...
0
votes
0answers
193 views

gdal_merge.py aligns incorrectly at the seam of two GeoTiffs

I am trying to merge four GeoTiffs from the National Elevation Dataset (EPSG: 4269) into a 2x2 DEM using gdal_merge.py. For some reason, when it merges the upper two NED rasters, gdal produces a seam ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Compare two Digital Elevation Model (DEM)

I would like to know what's the best method(s) to compare two DEMs without using any GUI soft like QGIS or ArcGIS. I'd like to do it in Python or C++, with GDAL or other similar lib. Does calculating ...
3
votes
4answers
3k views

Understanding garbage hillshade output from ArcGIS for Desktop?

I've used Hillshade successfully in the past, but for this DEM I keep getting a weird output. It's a 30-meter TIFF downloaded from the National Elevation Dataset. And this is what the output looks ...
0
votes
1answer
239 views

Correlation and terrain databases [duplicate]

I would like to know what kind of computation I could perform on a terrain database. I'm making terrain for VBS2 from raw data (shp files and DTM Elevation files) and then I'd like to be able to check ...
2
votes
2answers
5k views

How to use SRTM DEM files for shaded relief in ArcMap?

I would like to create a nice shaded relief for France using SRTM3 data. Most of the threads on the subject are from awhile ago, when ArcMap was not able to import these without changing the file ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

How to calculate surface area of highland region using DEM with ArcGIS (ArcEditor)? [duplicate]

Am shyaka from Rwanda. I use GIS tools and have all required data to perform or calculate surface area from the polygons that have been given by GPS (Trimble) with ArcPad 8. I originate from a high ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

Where to download 10m (1/3 arc-second) DEMs?

I'm looking for some of the 10m DEM to fill in the white Quad areas. Do you know where of can I find them? These 10 DEMs we have are actually coming from the NRCS Geospatial Dataway. I believe they ...
4
votes
2answers
528 views

Autocorrelated DEM with QGIS or Grass

I was wondering if there is a way to make an Autocorrelated DEM within QGIS or Grass. I am looking to do this with stereo aerial photography. I am able to do this with a number of COTS tools, but I ...
1
vote
2answers
3k views

What software is available on OSX for working with DEMs?

I have several adjacent DEM files and would like to combine them into a mosaic and then export to DEM and TXT. I know a Windows solution is to use MICRODEM but before installing Windows 7 I would like ...
1
vote
1answer
956 views

Applying DEM elevation adjustment parameters in QGIS?

I have a nice DEM, created from UAV data, which I want to process further in QGIS, my platform of first choice. In order to represent the evelation of each pixel correctly, I have to adjust the '...
5
votes
1answer
4k views

“Topo to Raster” tool for QGIS?

is there any analogue of the ArcGIS "topo to raster" tool in QGIS? I need to creates surfaces from shp for some cases from points and for some from lines and this instrument is very convenient.
1
vote
2answers
158 views

viewshed analysis for observers wearing visors?

I'm starting with a DEM, and looking to identify every point that can be directly "seen" from any point in a particular polygon on an overlaid layer defining an area on that DEM - like any other ...
3
votes
0answers
63 views

Adjacent DEM files have narrow triangular gaps when joined

Newbie here. I've downloaded several DEM files from GeoCommunity which correspond to adjacent regions. When I join them together to form a larger relief map there are triangular 'gaps' on all four ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Retrieving average building height in urban areas?

I am looking for a way to collect data on the height profile of some cities over time. I don't need to produce a detailed 3D reconstruction of cities, nor do I need to detect and measure individual ...
1
vote
2answers
7k views

Elevation difference map using two DEM

I am studying glacier mass balance and have ASTER and SRTM DEMs. I want to make an elevation/volume change image such that it graphically represents changes in elevation difference in various parts of ...
1
vote
0answers
397 views

How to extract elevation data from DEM along a polyline [duplicate]

I've been trying to use qGIS to extract and save as an attribute the data elevation along a line, knowing that something similar is available in ArcGIS using the Spatial Analysis tool. So far, though,...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Create hachures from DEM in ArcGIS 10.1

I have created contour lines from DEM and now I need to create hachures/bergstrich for them. I believe that spatial analyst should solve this, but I'm not used to it and I didn't found any similar ...
5
votes
3answers
5k views

How to drape a simple jpeg image over dem of some area?

How can we drape a simple jpeg image which doesnot have any geo referencing information over the digital elevation model in order to visualize it in 3D in QGIS?
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Calculating mean upslope aspect from each cell in DEM using ArcPy?

I am trying to write a python script to calculate the mean aspect upslope from each cell in a DEM. I have the general workflow down, but my final output is restricted to angles between 0 and 90 ...
3
votes
1answer
121 views

What function should I use to assess the degree of elevational change (rocky cliffs etc.) of a DEM?

I have a DEM of my research area and I want to assess how the topography/elevation changes. I am specifically looking to see what areas may be good suitable bat-roosting habitat so I am trying to ...
2
votes
1answer
321 views

filter / generalize elevation points on the basis of some conditions

I wanted to generalize many elevation points in a rectangular area (about 700 square km). I need to take about 3 points for square km. These points must satisfy some conditions: One of these ...
0
votes
1answer
13k views

Calculate maximum and minimum elevation for a polygon layer from a DEM [duplicate]

I have a polygon layer and would like to know the min and max elevation within each polygon. My elevation layer is a digital elevation model. I'm not quite sure how to extract that information. I am ...
3
votes
1answer
686 views

Hydro-Enforced/surface constraint DEM Creation using GRASS/QGIS

I am wondering if there is a way to create a hydro-breakline enforced DEM by means of any open source solution? I am able to create a DEM from Lidar data using GRASS, but would like to enforce some ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

How to extract coordinates & elevations of boundary cells of DEM?

I am using a 50mx50m grid irregular shaped DEM file. I have to work on the boundary conditions. How do i extract the cell locations ( in x,y coordinate ) along the boundary edge and consequently ...
3
votes
1answer
368 views

ArcGIS Raster Symbology - Break contour at 0

In ArcGIS 10, how can I break raster symbology (stretched) at a particular value (i.e. 0). For example, I have a DEM representing both topography and bathymetry and I want a break at the 0 m contour ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

How to increase resolution of DEM rasters?

Thanks to the fine folks here at the GIS SE, I have managed to batch process a load of ASC files into raster hillshade TIFs. However, while they look fine on screen, when printed they are very ...
1
vote
2answers
616 views

Put color for raster data(aspect.tif) on QGIS1.8.0

I create aspect.tif from DEM file. I could put the values(0 to 360)from contrast enhancement. I could set color from color map(freakout or Pseudocolor). In here, the data is shown by only 4 colors. I ...
1
vote
0answers
112 views

Is there any accuracy difference between standard DTM editing tools like DT Master and automatic removal of artefacts using ERDAS?

I would like to know whether there is any accuracy difference while editing DTM points using standard photogrammetry software like Inpho DT Master and automatics removal of artefacts in ERDAS imagine.
1
vote
1answer
335 views

How to remove terracing from Civil3D GeoTIFF export?

I've received a GeoTIFF DEM that was exported from Civil3D and at every contour there is a distinct terrace created when I process an aspect or slope in QGIS with the GRASS plugins. I've looked ...
3
votes
5answers
3k views

Batch processing DEM rasters in QGIS/GDAL

I am attempting to add relief shading to map using .asc raster files, following this tutorial. It works well, but I have only tried it on single tile of raster data which is 20x20km. I want to ...
1
vote
2answers
3k views

Import Civil 3D DEM to ArcMap or QGIS

I have some survey data exported from Civil 3D in both dtm and dem formats. I thought the I would be able to use the dem more easily, but I think the format is different from a USGS DEM. Is it ...
2
votes
0answers
88 views

Arcpy: Counting number of segments where altitude rises or decreases based on DEM?

I have a DEM of Sudety mountains and linear .shp with several hiking paths. I'm trying solve one problem: How to make a script based on input DEM and input line shapes that would count number of ...
10
votes
1answer
1k views

Generating DEM from isolines and spot heights using GRASS?

I have two shape files containing height information of a certain area and I need to create a raster DEM with GRASS using them. file 1 consists of height information in contours (isolines) file 2 ...
2
votes
2answers
405 views

Creating basic DEM file with flat geometry in ArcGIS Desktop?

I want to create a basic DEM file in .ascii format which will just be a rectangular grid and with no slope i.e same elevation at every cell. Please provide information on how to achieve this. I am ...