Questions tagged [dem]

For questions about Digital Elevation Models (DEM), Digital Terrain Models (DTM) and Digital Surface Models (DSM)

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3
votes
2answers
568 views

Filling voids in ASTER stereo-images for DEM generation using ArcGIS Desktop?

I'm trying to use a stereo-pair of ASTER images to generate a DEM (in ERDAS Imagine). However, the mountains are rather cloudy and the images can't be used as they are. But the relevant parts (valley ...
12
votes
1answer
1k views

Understanding curvature filter of QGIS raster terrain analysis?

I have read the source code of several QGis-1.7.4 raster filters computing slope, aspect and curvature. There is a formula in the filter computing the total curvature that puzzles me. The source ...
7
votes
1answer
16k views

Seeking elevation data for UK?

I'm looking for digital elevation data for UK. Does anybody know if there is a good service providing data for free that are of better accuracy than ASTER-DEM that is around 30m and, if not, what is ...
1
vote
1answer
309 views

srtm30 image: some are grayscale some are black & white

I downloaded these DEM files, http://www.dgadv.com/srtm30/ srtm30 globe. I open the DEM files in Multispec. Some of them are black and white, some are automatically grayscale. How do I get them all ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Export SRTM30 Dem file as 3d

I have downloaded some SRTM Dem files here: http://dds.cr.usgs.gov/srtm/version2_1/SRTM30//srtm30 They are from the USGS site. I would like to export them as 3d. I have ran through a few ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

How to create a Digital Elevation Model using GRASS

How to create a DEM starting from layers shapefile "contour lines" and "shares"? Which module of GRASS do I need to use?
15
votes
4answers
5k views

Manually correcting raster DEM (OpenSource)?

Is it possible, to correct a raster DEM by changeing the raster-cell-values manually, like by "painting"? My DEM (ASTER) have one small error where the elevation is about 300m below the actual ...
1
vote
1answer
150 views

How do I retrieve an Arc ASCII grid file from NED 1/3 second data using Python and OWSLib

I have my bounds, and have been able to connect to the server http://imselev.cr.usgs.gov:80/wmsconnector/com.esri.wms.Esrimap/USGS_EDC_Elev_NED_3? in Python. What I don't know how to do is send a ...
8
votes
2answers
6k views

How to change DEM's gradient colour?

I'm a newbie about GIS. I'm from Italy and I've got a *.tif file of my region. I've loaded it has raster but I have a question: The dem has a gradient colour magenta. How change this colour to ...
2
votes
2answers
239 views

Issue converting DEM in ASCII with LO17 (apparent) projection

I'm a newbie where GIS is concerned, so please don't hesitate to point me to a manual. We've got DEM files without any projection information. One is called 000426_LO17_200M_BD16_25.ORT and contains ...
4
votes
5answers
2k views

Elevation correction ASTER GDEM2 (+10m)

My ASTER GDEM2 has a average elevation error of -10m for my area. (I testet it using 90 defferential GPS reference points and compared it with old Topo25, SRTM, and GoogleMaps). I would like to ...
7
votes
3answers
4k views

Producing wire frame images from DEM? [closed]

As part of a project for a wind turbine assessment, I would like to make a wire frame image to compliment my Viewshed / line of sight and Photo montage. I have never created a wire frame image from ...
7
votes
1answer
25k views

Which is better, DEM or Triangles (TIN/Terrain)

Which is better DEM or TIN? What are the benefits/negatives of each?
5
votes
2answers
5k views

Viewsheds and Observer Points in ArcGIS Spatial analyst

I am trying to understand the viewshed and observer points tool in spatial analyst. I want to show which areas of land can see a wind turbine, or put another way, from where can the wind turbine be ...
11
votes
1answer
44k views

Calculating elevation profile for a polyline in ArcGIS 10?

My elevation data is a floating point tif. I have a road for which I need to calculate the elevation profile, but I can't see the tools to do this. Can I do this with ArcGIS, with spatial analyst/3D ...
48
votes
7answers
50k views

Choosing colour-ramp to use for elevation?

This is maybe rather subjective as it concerns style, but I would like to have a few decent colour ramps for my DEM when it is layed over my hill-shading. I have created the Swiss hillshade model as ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

SAGA GIS: How to load an .hgt file?

I want to display and work with the data from http://dds.cr.usgs.gov/srtm/version1/Eurasia/ in SAGA-GIS but am having difficulties knowing which module I should use to load the data. As far as I know ...
1
vote
1answer
310 views

How to convert accuracy of DEM from 5 decimal places to 2

I had a csv dataset comprising of regular points containing elevation "z-values". I interpolated this using ESRI´s spatial analyst using the IDW method to produce a continuous raster surface. I set ...
2
votes
1answer
450 views

Conversion of ASTER GDEM data for CFD Analysis

I need to do a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis of wind over a large area of land. I have obtained the necessary tiles from the ASTER GDEM data set (in .tif format) and was wondering how I ...
7
votes
2answers
14k views

Creating DEM from point data in CSV files using ArcGIS Desktop?

I have a lot of csv files which contain point data containing height, aspect and slope measurements at a resolution of 12,5 meters. I need to create a dem from this data and have ArcGIS 10 with ...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

1'' DHM: Hillshade is too rough - how to “generalize”?

I got this hillshade from my DHM (I used the hillshade-module from QGIS). For my purpose there is too much relief detail (roughness). How can I get rid of this in QGIS or GRASS?
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Why does QGIS Profile from Line tool give me the same value for every point?

I'm trying to make an elevation profile with QGIS's Profile from Line plugin. But when I do, the resulting points all have the same value: -32,767. I'd like to know what I'm doing wrong. My elevation ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Breakline detection algorithms for LiDAR dataset?

I'm searching for algorithms or open source tools I could use to detect breaklines from a LiDAR dataset; more specifically, from the terrain points of the dataset. At the moment the only thing I've ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

How do I find least cost path over a DEM based on slope magnitude and direction?

What sort of algorithms can I use to find a least cost path through a DEM where it costs more to traverse a cell going downhill or uphill than it does to follow the contour of the land? All the ...
3
votes
1answer
311 views

Change ellipsoid reference for altitude in a DEM

I have DEM data stored as RGF93 (Lambert-93) for lat/lon and NGF-IGN69 for altitude. I'm trying to change the reference ellipsoid for the elevation data (ultimately to NTF, but WGS84 would be fine to ...
4
votes
0answers
804 views

Calculating Solar Radiation falling on vertical surfaces using DEMs and ArcGIS for Desktop? [closed]

I am using ArcGIS10 Area Solar Radiation tool to calculate irradiation on horizontal surfaces (building roofs) but need to do the same for vertical surfaces (building facades). Any ideas on how to ...
0
votes
1answer
6k views

How can I convert SRTM data to DEM or DTED?

i am working on a project which is not commercial and i need some digital elevation data for visualization. in net i have found a link and i have downloaded .asc data from following link.. SRTM Data ...
4
votes
1answer
862 views

Which interpolation method is the most suitable for DEMs?

Which interpolation method is the best suitable for hill/valley areas and normal ground with undulations and rivers? When working with Aster 30mX30m DEMs, which method will give the most realistic ...
2
votes
1answer
983 views

How to create a profile with profile points at discrete altitude intervalls, e.g. each 10 m

In both SAGA and QGIS theres a profile-from-line-function that does a nice job of creating profiles. But there's no way to control the altitude spacing. Any ideas for workflows that would allow me ...
31
votes
8answers
5k views

How to generate a random but believable digital elevation model?

Is there a way to generate a DEM, programatically or otherwise (arcpy or R?), that will feed into ArcGIS for further spatial analysis? Perhaps this needs to be broken down into smaller incremental ...
5
votes
2answers
11k views

Replacing Raster Values in Ras1 with Ras2

I have two rasters Ras1 and Ras2. I want to change the Ras1. In Ras1, there are few areas, lines, points I am interested having nodata cells and wrong data cells.(limited to interested areas only ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

How to get the altitude of the vector shapes from DTM raster layer?

I have a vector layer containing thousands of vector shapes/polygons and a raster layer with DTM. Every shape has its own OBJECTID in attribute table. I would like to get the altitude of every shape, ...
3
votes
1answer
414 views

Looking for Fortran code calculating drainage basin area

I am working in a project of glacier mass balance. For my project I want to integrate the area of the drainage basin in a glaciological system model (GSM). As the drainage area changes with time due ...
2
votes
1answer
916 views

Help with technique to create contours from ASTER DEM in Phnom Penh, Cambodia

I have the ASTER version 2 DEM of Cambodia. I want to use it to create 1m contours of Phnom Penh, Cambodia. If anyone has this already please let me know. Now, onto the problems: I am using ArcGIS so ...
5
votes
2answers
496 views

Seeking commercial web service for LIDAR/DSM data in USA

I apologize for not knowing all the proper terminology to ask this question. I am seeking a commercial service for providing pay-per-use high resolution elevation data in North America. It must come ...
7
votes
2answers
3k views

Can shaded relief be “blended” with DEM colour ramp in ArcGIS to produce a more visually dramatic result?

Not being able to use true transparencies with ArcGIS colour ramps where only solid colours are allowed has me always wondering about how to improve the look of the surface in my maps without ...
16
votes
7answers
35k views

Viewing LIDAR data (.las) in QGIS?

Is there an easy path to visualizing LIDAR data in QGIS? I have some USGS LIDAR data in .las format downloaded from http://lidar.cr.usgs.gov/. This means I have both the .las and metadata in .xml ...
2
votes
0answers
922 views

GDAL tiling DTED (dt2) dataset as gdal2tiles for 3D Maps

i am searching some webgl technologies to create 3d map with digital elevation data. for web tech. i have found ReadyMap SDK to create 3d map from TMS... in ReadyMap for elevation data it uses sth ...
4
votes
3answers
7k views

How to convert raster data into regularly sampled points?

I am wondering if there's another way to convert raster data (ex: DEM) into regularly sampled points. I've used Raster to Point under ArcToolbox previously, but if the raster data is huge, that's a ...
15
votes
6answers
17k views

Burning stream network into DEM layer using ArcGIS Desktop?

I am working on a DEM that in an area where there is little relief. I would like to 'burn' the river network into the DEM so I can calculate flow accumulation and flow length accurately. I am ...
5
votes
2answers
756 views

batch create DEM from contour maps (open source)

I have around 100 shapefiles of contours (1m interval) that I need to turn into DEMs; Is there a way to batch create these mde from contour lines? Using open source preferably.
6
votes
2answers
3k views

How to use NASA Digital Elevation model data?

I've heard it is possible to use NASA elevation model to determine approximate elevation at (lat;lng) point. This might be really useful for my upcoming project since Google Elevation API has weird ...
33
votes
2answers
39k views

Creating DEM from contours in QGIS?

I have a shapefile with contours and their heights. Is it possible to make a DEM from contours in QGIS without using GRASS? I found Creating DEM from contours using ArcGIS Desktop? but the answer ...
5
votes
1answer
679 views

How do I get the upstream distance to all points in a DEM from a single downstream point?

I want to get the upstream distance to all points in a DEM from a single downstream point. The goal is to create a "downstream distance to a point grid". This then would allow me to create "distance" ...
13
votes
2answers
4k views

How to build an artificial 'dam' across a river?

I have a DEM. Created all files related to watershed including accumulation, direction, streams etc... I'm stuck creating a dam. I request you to please let me know how to build an artificial 'dam' ...
2
votes
1answer
153 views

Finding Two locations with conditional search on DEM?

I want to find two locations H difference in elevation between two locations on a DEM. Ex: point A and B are my output after search on DEM. conditions are: buffer R distance around point A and ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

Extracting area of DEM above where 60% of region lies using ArcGIS Desktop?

I have a DEM of a mountainous region. I'd like to extract the areas of the DEM above which 60% of the total DEM area lies. So, essentially I'd like to extract the areas representing upper portions of ...
6
votes
1answer
481 views

Problems creating TIN from British Columbia DEM data

Is anyone familiar with creating a TIN using ArcGIS9.3 and British Columbia DEM data (.GEN files)? I can't figure out how to get the breaklines to work during the creation of the TIN. Using ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

Converting ASCII grid/NTF to SRTM/DEM

I want to use the Ordnance Survey Land-Form Panorama product in some software called Maperitive, which can read custom SRTM DEM files. The data is provided in the following formats: DXF [Contours] ...
3
votes
5answers
8k views

Can I convert ESRI Grid (DEM) raster to USGS DEM?

There is a tool for DEM to Raster in ArcGIS but I need to convert my ArcGIS DEM rasters (mostly LiDAR) into USGS DEM. The idea is to import this DEM into Sketchup and create a "sandbox" TIN surface ...