Questions tagged [distance]

The measure of separation between two entities or locations that may or may not be connected, such as two points.

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45
votes
7answers
104k views

Calculating Latitude/Longitude X miles from point?

I am wanting to find a latitude and longitude point given a bearing, a distance, and a starting latitude and longitude. This appears to be the opposite of this question (Distance between lat/long ...
40
votes
3answers
37k views

Why is law of cosines more preferable than haversine when calculating distance between two latitude-longitude points?

In fact, when Sinnott published the haversine formula, computational precision was limited. Nowadays, JavaScript (and most modern computers & languages) use IEEE 754 64-bit floating-...
62
votes
2answers
14k views

How accurate is approximating the Earth as a sphere?

What level of error do I encounter when approximating the earth as a sphere? Specifically, when dealing with the location of points and, for example, the great circle distances between them. Are ...
52
votes
6answers
31k views

Why is the 'straight line' path across continent so curved?

This is the result of mapping the straight line path from a point in US to Poland using Distance Measurement Tool. Also, planes from Asia to US would travel almost over North Pole. Why is the path ...
60
votes
1answer
350k views

Calculating longitude length in miles?

Suppose I have geographic coordinates of "Saratoga, California, USA" as Latitude: 37°15.8298′ N Longitude: 122° 1.3806′ W I know from here that in case of latitude 1° ≈ 69 miles and that ...
21
votes
4answers
24k views

PostGIS nearest points with ST_Distance, kNN

I need to obtain on each element on one table the closest point of another table. The first table contains traffic signs and the second one the Entrance Halls of the town. The thing is that I can't ...
15
votes
1answer
9k views

Calculating distance to points in QGIS

Is there a way of calculating the distance to the nearest points in QGIS? In ArcGIS there is a function called Euclidean Distance, which can take an input vector or raster, and generate a raster of ...
34
votes
6answers
45k views

Trilateration using 3 latitude/longitude points, and 3 distances?

I want to find out an unknown target location (latitude and longitude co-ordinates). There are 3 known points (latitude and longitude co-ordinate pairs) and for each point a distance in kilometers to ...
7
votes
3answers
15k views

Creating points based on distance and bearing from survey point using QGIS?

I am plotting witness tree data to calculate pre-settlement tree density. I have a shapefile with points along section lines (square miles) at each half mile. I am making another table that contains ...
8
votes
5answers
11k views

How to calculate distances in a point sequence?

I'm looking for help calculating the distance between a sequence of points that are in a single Shapefile in QGIS. Below is what my data look like and a blank distance column I've added to show how I'...
18
votes
3answers
4k views

Finding distance between two coordinates in ellipsoid?

I have two sets of latitude and longitude. How do I find the distance between the two locations if I assume the earth is a perfect ellipsoid (with an eccentricity of 0.0167)?
9
votes
4answers
28k views

Calculating minimum distance between points and polygons in QGIS?

I have two vector layers: one point and one polygon and I want to calculate the minimum distance of each point from the polygons (ie the distance from the closest point of the closest polygon). Is ...
13
votes
1answer
14k views

Calculating distance scale factor by latitude for Mercator

This was really inconvenient topic to google out - so I'm asking for clarification, did I understood things correctly. I'm talking about measuring short distances in Mercator projection (3857). You ...
12
votes
2answers
14k views

Calculating shortest distance from point to line using QGIS?

What is the best method to calculate the distance from the nearest road for a series of address points in QGIS, having a very big dataset? (QGIS 2.0.1, Win XP) I read the answers to previous similar ...
12
votes
3answers
5k views

Connecting line features and determining the length of the longest line

I have a line feature (see image) representing a river that I created using the Stream_to_Feature tool. The attribute table contains several records representing different lines - the problem is the ...
23
votes
5answers
36k views

Finding distance of point along polyline using ArcGIS Desktop?

We need to find the distance of a series of point along a given polyline. We have a polyline dataset repsenting rivers in a catchment, broken up into river reaches (FID 1 through 35 for example). We ...
11
votes
2answers
8k views

QGIS calculate distance of point along a line

I have a polyline (movement path) and points recorded along the line. I would like to calculate for each point the distance along the line in Quantum GIS. I hope for a result which will add a new ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Performing Point Distance analysis using Basic level license of ArcGIS for Desktop?

I am using ArcView Version 10.1 and I need to perform a point distance analysis like: What is the distance from A to B-Z, B to A-Z, C to A-Z, etc? What are the steps that I take to do this?
8
votes
3answers
9k views

Splitting lines automatically at specific distances using ArcGIS Desktop?

I have a set of polylines which I need to split at varying distances from their starting points. In general, I'm looking for a something similar to the SPLIT function within the editor tool. There ...
2
votes
4answers
2k views

Split multiple polylines by distance in ArcGIS

Is there a method to split thousands of polylines by employing a tool like the "Editor" - "Split" method and using distance, in ArcGIS? When I utilize the "split" - "distance" tool (fig1), it only ...
28
votes
8answers
62k views

Generating random locations nearby?

I am trying to create random locations nearby my location. What i want is to create random latitude/longitude pairs inside a 200 meters circle surrounding my location. This is the formula i came up ...
10
votes
2answers
9k views

Distance between lat/long points

I am attempting to calculate the distance between two latitude/longitude points. I have a piece of code that mostly works that I yanked from this post but I do not really understand how it works. ...
11
votes
3answers
2k views

Finding most remote spot in Eastern United States?

I have this hunch that I could travel no more than 50 miles from the most remote spot in the Eastern United States (east of the Mississippi River), in the direction of the nearest road, and find a ...
10
votes
3answers
3k views

What is the right solution (and map projection) to compute distances between points located all over the World?

After my study on map projection I realized that it is very difficult to choose a projection that allows to compute simultaneously the distances between a great deal of points if these points are ...
9
votes
3answers
3k views

Calculating all distances from single points to multiple polygons [closed]

I have two layers: a point layer defining properties (95 objects), and a polygon layer defining plots of land associated with the properties (211 objects). Each point relates to one or more polygons. ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

Postgis, get the points that are x meters near another point, in meters

I'm trying to find the points within a certain distance, in meters, from another point. I'm using the function ST_Buffer, but I don't get how to express the distance in meters. I'm trying with ...
20
votes
4answers
47k views

Return all results within a 30km radius of a specific lat/long point?

I have a table with a column the_geom which contains data similar to: ...
30
votes
3answers
12k views

What is approximate error of Pythagorean Theorem vs. Haversine Formula in measuring distances on sphere at various scales?

Many people when first trying to calculate distances between two longitude / latitude pairs ask if Pythagorean theorem works as an appropriate distance function. Most often people answer "no, the ...
8
votes
1answer
5k views

Calculate distances between series of points in postgis

I have a postgres/postgis table containing a series of sequential points. I want to add a new column to the table which contains the distance between each point and the first one, and so forth until ...
12
votes
4answers
22k views

What's the difference between vincenty and great circle distance calculations?

Python's geopy package features two distance measurements techniques: Great Circle and Vincenty's formulae. >>> from geopy.distance import great_circle >>> from geopy.distance ...
5
votes
2answers
7k views

Formula for calculating short distances in UTM?

I'm fairly new at calculating distances with precision, but I wanted to know what is the best formula for calculating short distances in UTM coordinates. The distances that I'am calculating are all ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Variation of algorithms to find point from another point with bearing and distance

There are several algorithms to calculate distance between two latitude/longitude points. Haversine Hubeny Lambert-Andoyer Vincenty's formulae for inverse problem But there are not so many ...
2
votes
2answers
4k views

Distance between points along polyline ArcGIS for Desktop?

I'm using ArcGIS 10.3 (Desktop), and I'm trying to measure the distance between points following a path determined by a set of polylines. Hand measurement is not a viable option-- there are ~7500 ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Is there a way to calculate closest distances to a point without using Near Analysis?

I frequently get asked to calculate distances from a specific point (A drilling well in the middle of the sea for example) to a number of Environmental layers (Protected Areas, Pipelines, Other wells ...
0
votes
1answer
202 views

Improving our spatial data by calculating “Close to Coastline”, “Close to Park”, “Close to Stadium” etc [closed]

A quick background for context is maybe helpful for this. Essentially we have "vacation rentals" and I would like to add additional data to them automatically. We create booking websites for ...
34
votes
7answers
34k views

Clustering spatial data in R? [closed]

I have bunch of data points with latitude and longitude. I want to use R to cluster them based on their distance. I have already taken a look at this page and tried clustTool package. But I am not ...
16
votes
4answers
14k views

GeoPandas: Find nearest point in other dataframe

I've got 2 geodataframes: import geopandas as gpd from shapely.geometry import Point gpd1 = gpd.GeoDataFrame([['John',1,Point(1,1)],['Smith',1,Point(2,2)],['Soap',1,Point(0,2)]],columns=['Name','ID','...
20
votes
6answers
13k views

What tools in Python are available for doing great circle distance + line creation?

I need to use Python to create a great circle distance -- both a number, and preferably some kind of 'curve' that I can use to draw in a client-side map. I don't care about the format of the curve -- ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

WGS point to WGS line segment (great circle) distance

How would I go about resolving this in C#? I have a line segment (great circle distance) defined by two Lon-Lat pairs (call them points A and B). A third point somewhere on the Earth sphere. The ...
4
votes
3answers
6k views

How can I calculate the distances between my points in sequence automatically?

I am trying to measure distances between points and writing the calculated measure between these points in the attribute table. The points represents a vehicle's location based on GPS data according ...
3
votes
2answers
401 views

Generating fixed distance buffer including slope using ArcGIS Desktop?

Is it possible to generate a fixed distance buffer including slope using ArcGIS Desktop 10? The distance on the map is not equal to the distance on the ground due to the incline. If the ...
2
votes
3answers
11k views

Distance between GPS coordinates

Given a database of GPS points, a center GPS location, and a radius R (in meters), how can I find all points in the database that are within a distance of R of the center point? Will the distance iso-...
11
votes
2answers
4k views

Measuring distance in spherical Mercator vs zoned UTM

I've got points in WGS84 lat/long and I'd like to measure "small" (less than say 5km) distances between them. I can use the haversine formula from http://www.movable-type.co.uk/scripts/latlong.html ...
7
votes
2answers
15k views

How to find nearest point for each point in current layer using ArcGIS Desktop?

I have a point layer and want to know the distance of nearest point of current layer for each point in the layer. I found some tools in ArcToolbox about it , but they need two layers for input and ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

Converting from kilometers to degrees distances?

We have geometries in a Postgis database with SRID WGS84 and we have found lookups directly in degrees to be much faster than in kilometres, because the database can skip the projections I would think....
6
votes
5answers
28k views

For every point, distance to nearest polygon of type X?

In ArcGIS Desktop, can you calculate as an attribute value the distance to the nearest polygon of type X? Assume we have a point layer of wildlife observations and we want to know how far each of ...
4
votes
2answers
13k views

What are the units of the Distance Matrix tool results in QGIS?

I have a point data set. Now there are cluster of points based on a field. So I take out one such cluster which has points with same field.I want to find distance between all the points in cluster and ...
2
votes
2answers
4k views

How to perform trilateration using 3 lat/lon points without distances? [closed]

I read this thread Trilateration using 3 latitude and longitude points, and 3 distances explaining about trilateration using 3 latitude and longitude with measured distance. The problem is I want to ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

QGIS layers no longer overlay when Enable 'on the fly' CRS transformation is on

My QGIS project has two layers - one retrieved from GADM (administrative boundaries of Guinea Bissau) and another one of the villages collected in the field using GPS Decimal Degrees - D.ddddd. If I ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Get nearest line to point with v.distance in QGIS

I want to retrieve the nearest line to a point with the GRASS function v.distance(). But I think I do not fully understand how to use this function. What I have are two layers (in the same CRS -> EPSG:...