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# Questions tagged [distance]

The measure of separation between two entities or locations that may or may not be connected, such as two points.

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191 views

### Calculating daily travel distance from large dataset using QGIS?

My dataset is around 200 days worth of data on the daily distance travelled by a troop of monkeys. I've never properly used QGIS on my own so don't really know where to start. All of the days are ...
31 views

### Interpreting Cost Distance Tool (ArcMap) results?

I have a raster data where pixel value of each cell represents the potential minimum travel time across the cell in old world. I need to find the minimum travel time of some points from Addis Ababa (...
198 views

### dist2Line - Error in dist2Line(…) could not find the function “dist2Line”

I have a csv file with points (about 20 millions georeferenced points) and a line shapefile. I want to find for each point the closest distance to the line. The line is not a straight line it's ...
104 views

### Calculating mean recapture distance between points

I have a series of coordinates associated with ID and date (these points represent individual recaptures of individuals at different locations). I want to joins lines between the sequential recaptures ...
2k views

### Calculating “travelled distance” of a GPS track without including “stops”

I have a set of GPS tracks from a cycling event and I want to correlate their distance along the route. Problem is: when a rider stops, generally by entering a covered place, GPS keeps logging (low ...
589 views

### Measuring distance to coast in specific direction using PyQGIS? [closed]

I have a point layer and want to know the distance to the coastline (line or polygon layer) from each point in a series of directions (0, 10, 20, 30 degrees, etc). I have found this python script (...
2k views

### Does the Bing Maps API have a distance to coast service?

Does the Bing API contain a distance to coast service from an address? All we need to do is calculate the distance to a major coastline (Atlantic or Gulf of Mexico).
42 views

### Selecting lines by distance in a layer from a polyline in another layer using QGIS?

I have 2 layers containing polylines. I'd like to establish the closest distance at any point along the line of one layer to the the lines on a different layer. My assumption is that the Nearest ...
33 views

### Matching MySQL Result to Great Circle Mapper

I can't figure out how to match the result of the Great Circle Mapper. SELECT 3959 * ACOS( COS(RADIANS(41.97444444)) * COS(RADIANS(28.42944444)) * COS(RADIANS(-87.90666667) - ...
45 views

### Obtaining closest distance using ArcGIS Desktop?

I am using ArcGIS Desktop 10.5. I have a shapefile containing say 10 locations from a country with latitude and longitude. How can I look at each location (point) and getting the distance from ...
102k views

### Find points within a distance using MySQL

I have a mySQL table with user name, latitude and longitude of the user. I would like to get a list of user who are inside the circle or square of a given latitude and longitude with given distance. ...
22 views

### Measuring distance traveled, in 3D using ArcGIS Pro?

I'm working in ArcGIS pro, I have tracking data from a bird's flight path and want to know how far the bird flew. I started with Google Earth KML Layer and imported to ArcGIS Pro. This layer has data ...
220 views

### Removing Outliers from point layer

I am a not so newbie user of QGIS but have no knowledge of Python. I have a large dataset of points. Each point has attributes, one of which is a group it belongs to. It is expected that the points ...
168 views

### Calculating shortest distance between two points on water, avoiding land?

Can someone explain to me (in beginner's terms) how to calculate the distance between two points that are on water, avoiding land? For example, these points are inshore in a bay, so I don't want the ...
29 views

### Migratory distance from Africa?

I have a raster data where pixel value of each cell represents the potential minimum travel time across the cell in old world. Now, I need to find the minimum travel time of some points from Addis ...
24 views

### Measuring distance between points yet within polygons using ArcGIS Desktop?

I have two data sets. One has points of populations and the other has one merged polygon of all suitable habitat types. I want to find the distance between all the point to one another, but without ...
150 views

### Geodesic distance from raster in python?

I am carrying out some analysis in python (using Anaconda), I have a binary raster and want to perform a geodesic distance calculation from all areas with a value of 1- I can do this within QGIS using ...
14 views

### Calculate distance between multiple arrays and landsat bands in IDL

I have a set of landsat 7 layers, that look like this: files = [ \$ "D:\ArcGIS\Programmieren in IDL\Landsat Daten\landsat_b1.tif" \$ ,"D:\ArcGIS\Programmieren in IDL\Landsat Daten\landsat_b2.tif" \$ ...
65 views

### Calculating closest distance from location to given route?

I want to calculate the closest distance from a location (lat/lon) to a given route. The route consists of approximately 20.000 location points. I could calculate the distance to every location point ...
2k views

### Difference between planar and Euclidean distance?

I wanted a straight-line distance. When I was calculating near distance on Arc GIS, I was only given the option between planar and geodesic distance. But people in my field keep referring to my ...
66 views

### What projection should I use to find true distance between two points?

I am a beginner of ArcGIS and I encounter a problem of true distance. I used "create fishnet" to have a grid map within 0-40N, 20E-90E. Suppose each two points are connected with a railway/road (...
48 views

### Calculate distance between buffer and geographic points for grouped subsets (and get tally)

The data I used can be found here. After importing my data, I select a subset of points (Nest2017 in column type) to create 30 m buffers around: library(dplyr) nests<-df %>% filter(type %...
66 views

### Distance from edge of each polygon to nearest point, such that points within each polygon aren't included

Using ArcGIS 10.5, I have a cluster of polygons that represent districts (together this cluster of polygons creates a nation). I also have thousands of points that represent offices. I would like to ...
7k views

### Generate random location within specified distance of a given point

In a simulation (not using any GIS), I need to generate a random location that is within a specified distance of a given location. I found a very helpful post here on this exact topic: How to ...
560 views

### Getting meters instead of degrees from GRASS v.distance?

I'm trying to measure the distance between points to a coastline. I have a shapefile of the "High Seas" which I got from NOAA's website here. http://www.nws.noaa.gov/geodata/catalog/wsom/html/...
2k views

### JTS GeometricShapeFactory generate an ellipse properly

This is what use to get a circle: GeometricShapeFactory shape = new GeometricShapeFactory(gf); shape.setCentre(new Coordinate(40.748754,-73.985460));//Empire Sate Building shape....
144 views

### Determining distances of points from closest line using MapInfo?

I have a set of points and a set of lines. I'd like to know distances of the points from the closest line... answering the question "how many points are within 500m to 1000m of one of the lines, how ...
14k views

### Calculating shortest distance from point to line using QGIS?

What is the best method to calculate the distance from the nearest road for a series of address points in QGIS, having a very big dataset? (QGIS 2.0.1, Win XP) I read the answers to previous similar ...
2k views

### Why difference between Google Earth and QGIS distance measurement?

I am quite new to QGIS. I wanted to test if Google Earth and QGIS distance measurement tools are actually getting the same results. Turns out, they don't -at least not in my case. I'm pretty sure ...
529 views

### Distance based random point selection in r?

To avoid clustering in subsequent analysis I try to randomly select points of a SpatialPointsDataFram with a given distance between the points. The remaining part should be devided for test analysis. ...
56 views

### Calculating distances from one reference point to multiple points in one shp file

I am a total novice to GIS; I read some of the answers to similar posts, still have difficulties to do it. I am not that familiar with GIS or QGIS and am looking for a step by step approach. Here is ...
128 views

### Using Field Value as Search Distance Parameter in Select by Location in ArcPy? [closed]

I've been trying to use the select layer by location tool in a loop to select features that are within a specific distance to one feature class for each feature in a different feature class (each ...
164 views

### Walking distance with pgrouting for several locations

I'm intending to calculate the walking distance (not the linear distance, but the "real travelled distance") to several locations (e.g. social infrastructure). Thus I will have to create a routable ...
38 views

### Automating point feature class placement inside polygons using specific parameters?

I am trying to generate a point feature class of possible plot centers for a research project. The plot centers will be inside of defined forest stand polygons which are aggregated in various ways ...
236 views

### Error 999999 calculating Euclidean Distance?

I am trying to calculate Euclidean Distance in ArcMap and I keep getting: ERROR 999999: Error executing function. Failed to execute (EucDistance). I gave a maximum distance of 5000m, output ...
189 views

### Calculate the next coordinate from given starting point and distance

On the answer to Calculating Latitude/Longitude X miles from point? what is the tc value? lat = asin( sin(lat1)*cos(d)+cos(lat1)*sin(d)*cos(tc) ) dlon = atan2( sin(tc)*sin(d)*cos(lat1),cos(d)-sin(...
92 views

### Calculating maximum distance between roads (Spatial Line Shapefile) in QGIS?

I’m writing my masters thesis and came across a problem I haven’t been able to find an answer to. I’m working with QGIS and a Spatial Line Shapefile that represents all streets in Tibet, taken from ...
10k views

### How to convert distance into latitude + longitude [duplicate]

I have start point (latitude) I know direction, lets say strictly north, and I want to calculate latitude which is 100 meters above the start point. The same for longitude. I believe there should be ...
21 views

### How to find specific bearing, distance and elevation of a satellite [duplicate]

I am trying to find a specific bearing, distance and elevation to a satellite. I know there are websites but I need a formula to do this. I need to be able to find these things from a set of co-ords ...
69 views

### Creating Custom Shapefile that can be snapped in location with no dragging using QGIS?

I am trying to create a custom shapefile consisted of 16 waypoints orientated around an origin point. the 16 waypoints are to be 2m apart from the central waypoint (like an axis, with 0 being the ...
75 views

### Creating points with linear referencing

I have traffic data that shows tracks that have start and end times (in YYYYMMDD-HHMMSS format) and the speed (m/s) the vehicle was moving. From that I've calculated total traveled distance (m) and ...
119 views

### Distance between reference point to many Points along a line

I have a Line layer and a Point layer in Qgis. The lines snapped to the points. I need the distance between the reference Point (number 12 in the image) to the other points along the line. I have ...
352 views

### Finding distance between point and polygon edge in eastward direction using PyQGIS?

I need to find distance in eastward direction from each point to the closest polygon edge: I can find shortest distance in any direction with: pointlayer = QgsProject.instance().mapLayersByName('...
4k views

### Using GDAL/C++ to calculate distance in meters

I'm using GDAL in C++, with WGS84. I want to calculate distance between two points in meters. The code snippet below tries to find the distance between 25N/75E and 25N/76E. The code, as is, returns 1....
358 views

### Finding shortest path without barriers using the sf package in R

Say I have three ships near PNG in the pacific. I want to know the shortest path between all three, while not going aground. This can be done with the ArcGIS function "cost distance" and "shortest ...
4k views

### Calculating distance between two points with QGIS 2.14.0

I have two shapefiles with the following information: List A: ID 1 | xA | yA | ID 2 List B: ID 1 | xB | yB | ID 2 {x;y} = {lat;lon} I want to calculate the distance between two points, e.g. ID 1: ...
83 views

### Distance betweeen classified Points

I got two sets of points. The first set has a unique ID The second set references to this ID (one-to-many). So I merged the two sets. Now every point in the joined table has the X and Y coordinates ...
54 views

### Finding distance between positions of same point on two different layers using QGIS?

I am trying to calculate the difference between the positions of the same point on two different layers. One layer is a shapefile, other layer is a text file, and each point has a unique identifier, ...