# Questions tagged [distance]

The measure of separation between two entities or locations that may or may not be connected, such as two points.

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### How to use GeoSeries.distance to get the right answer

When I want the distance between two points [(117.454361,38.8459879),(117.459880 ,38.846255)] (longitude,latitude) on the earth, I take the GeoSeries.distance method, but the method does not give me ...
9k views

### Calculating distance between set of points: lat and long in R?

I have shapefiles containing the location of several individuals along several months. Positions were documented with a 30 minutes interval. Tables contain the following data fields: collar (ID), ...
10k views

### Getting shortest distances between features on separate polygon layers using ArcGIS Desktop?

I have a county-level map for the state of North Carolina, U.S. I would like to compute the shortest distance of each county to any point along the border of Georgia. How would this be done? ...
5k views

### tool to find the routing distance between two latitude/longitude points using OSM data

I need a tool to find the distance between two points whose longitude and latitude are given. I am making an application so it will require bulk queries, so i cannot use google maps distance matrix ...
972 views

### Hex grid on EPSG:4326 globe (for use in Leaflet)

I'm looking for a way to evenly distribute a hexagon grid (x,y,z) on the EPSG:4326 globe. Knowing this is not mathematically possible I'm accepting the following limitations: Poles don't need ...
19k views

### How to calculate pixels per meter ratio, according to Google or Bing map zoom level?

I have an image and detect two points in the image. I want to calculate the distance between these two points. I'm using Google map and Bing map. I have x,y pixel values for both two points zoom ...
2k views

### Calculating the distance between points and multiple lines?

I have a point shapefile of about 100 points and a polyline shapefile of about 200 lines and I am interested in finding the distance between every point and each individual polyline. My polyline ...
8k views

### Calculate distance between X/Y coordinates by individual in R

In R, I'd like to calculate the straight-line distance between each capture of an animal in my dataset - no need to take into account the curvature of the earth. I have a dataset that looks like this:...
2k views

### GeoDjango Order by distance for Model that is linked to User who has a location on their user profile

I need to order my query model by distance, however the point field in question is not on the model class but on the user profile and the i am getting an error when attempting the following. g = ...
419 views

### Total newbie. Creating map from aerial photo of golf course in QGIS

I have a aerial photo in tif with a tfw file of the golf course that I work at. I would like to create vector data of different features on the course such as greens fairways tees, etc. to calculate ...
5k views

### Calculate distance between a coordinate and a county in GeoPandas

I have a single coordinate and a GeoPandas Dataframe representing US counties whose geometry is polygons that form the boundary of counties. Each of these polygons is also given through lat/lon pairs. ...
3k views

### Should I measure distance in projected or geographic coordinate system?

I want to evaluate the distance between a set of points and lines on a small scale (points across China). I am using the sp package of R for this purpose which warns if the underlying coordinate ...
541 views

### Calculating distance from point to polyline

I am using ArcMap 10.4.1 - Basic use. I have to determine for each point (leak), how many lines (pipes) there are within a certain distance (Spatial join - within a distance of). Then I have to ...
2k views

### Calculate distance of points - SpatialPoints object - along a path - SpatialLines object - using R

I have a SpatialPoints object and a SpatialLines object. I want to calculate all the distances from the start point (first coordinate of the SpatialLines object) to every point in the SpatialPoints ...
1k views

### inaccurate distance measurements in Python

I've tried several ways of measuring the distance between two points in my Django application and comparing the results to a reliable measurement. My numbers are way off. For example, I'm assuming the ...
2k views

### How to calculate the distance between a line and a point (using lat/lon coordinates)

In my Android app, I need to calculate the distance from a point (the device's location, which is a lat/lon coordinate) to a line (defined by two lat/lon coordinates), and get the result in meters. I'...
835 views

### Tunnel distance approximation

Having two points (longitude, latitude) on earth, if I am sure their distance is under 100 km; how much error will I have using tunnel distance approximation? (Defined at here) Note: Currently I am ...
4k views

### How to properly utilize DWITHIN Spatial Filter in OpenLayers

Given the following code: var points = []; points.push(new OpenLayers.Geometry.Point(-110, 38)); points.push(new OpenLayers.Geometry.Point(-108, 40)); var lineString = ...
578 views

### No difference between distances measured in projected and non-projected data

I'm performing measurements of distances in Km between a lot of localities by using the "Point Distance" in ArcGis 9.3. I realized that the results obtained after using projected coordinate system are ...
404 views

### Problem with distance in QGIS

I start a new project with base on OpenLayers plugin but if I check the distance on QGIS with distance tool (I choose a straight road) I view 5.466m on QGIS and 4.300m on google (by walking). How is ...
703 views

### What is an efficient Algorithm to draw a straight line from points?

I have some cross section survey data, which is like this: X Y Z pt_dt 2970969.635 359725.0088 83.4242 1-x 2970968.278 359722.2182 83.2591 1-x 2970941.771 359670.127 83.0655 1-x 2970961.369 359708....
3k views

### QGIS distance from points to nearest line

How can I get the distances from each point at a shapefile to the nearest line from another? I've tried to follow the directions from Measuring the distance between lines and points in QGIS and ...
2k views

### Clustering points in postgresql to create contour map

UPDATE: To try to make this a little more simple, is it possible to create a query which selects a group of points such that each point in the group is at most X units away from at least one other ...
111 views

### Average Proximity Metric

I'm looking for a metric that gets at average distance to a given feature. For example, for a point in the water, how far, on average, is the land or to what extent is the point surrounded by land. ...
2k views

### Variation of algorithms to find point from another point with bearing and distance

There are several algorithms to calculate distance between two latitude/longitude points. Haversine Hubeny Lambert-Andoyer Vincenty's formulae for inverse problem But there are not so many ...
2k views

### Finding average distance within polygon to point?

For my purposes, I can assume a homogeneous distribution of points within the polygon. What I want to find is the average distance from points within a polygon to a specified point. I don't know where ...
8k views

### Distance calculation : Integrating incremental gps data

I am trying to build a GPS based odometer based on android. Currently , I am calculating incremental distance changes very frequently ( < 5 meter movement). The distance calculation in android is ...
643 views

### Distance Calculation Output Does Not Identify Input Points?

I'm using ArcMap 10 to do distance calculations between a large set of points, using the point distance calculator. The output table generated gives me distances correctly, but the output categories ...
3k views

### Comparing two point shapefiles that contain lat/longs and compute distance using ArcGIS Desktop?

I have 2 sets of point shapefiles in ArcGIS Desktop (group A and B), each set has around 1000 entries that contain lat/long. What I want to do is compare Group A against Group B and figure out for ...
147 views

### Match linestrings using Fréchet distance

I have two datasets of roads (both in WGS84). One has nicely digitized geometries, but lack some of the attributes and the other has heeded attributes, but digitized terribly. I want to transfer ...
214 views

### QGIS distance from a cell center to the nearest point

I am trying to run the following analysis in QGIS 3.2. My inputs: raster layer (with population estimates from LandScan) vector layer, with points (each point represent the location of a mobile cell ...
586 views

### Calculating maximum distance between two polygons in meters using ArcMap?

I have two different shapefiles formed by polygons and I need to calculate the max distance of one polygon to the perimeter of the polygon of the other file. I need the output in meters! The first ...
2k views

### point to point distances along road network

I have 2 different point layers that I want to use as origins (Company offices) and a separate layer with 500+ points in it (Client Stores) I also have a road network layer. For each of the 500+ ...
7k views

### Longitude difference to Meters

I have been trying to find an effective method (be it an equation or table filled with values) that would be useful for converting differences in longitude values into a distance in kilometers. It ...
2k views

### Measure distance between points along a line in QGIS

I have a road network and different points connected to the roads. I would like to measure the distance between several points along the roads. Basically I want to do the same like the road graph ...
490 views

### Buffer from Point or Polygon with Information from Raster

The intent of this work is to define a buffer around a point or polygon based on information from a raster. For instance if a polygon representing a city and the raster defines how long it takes to ...
182 views

### PostGIS point distance from polygon not 0 when on edge

I have a pretty simple problem: SELECT * FROM ST_Distance(ST_GeographyFromText('POLYGON((70 -40,70 -39,71 -39,71 -40,70 -40))'), ST_GeographyFromText('POINT(70.48 -39)'), False) returns 118....
129 views

### How can I find small distance between polylines?

I`m trying to find lines which have small distance between them and I am using ArcGIS 10 for this. I had tried to make points at the both ends of the lines and to detect the distance between points ...
1k views

### PostGIS: Get closest point between geometry and Multipoint

I think my question is not that difficult for GIS professionals, but i didn't found an answer to my problem (even not in other questions). Problem: I have given two tables (table1,table2) with Points ...
1k views

### Calculate distance to median point for a group of points in ArcGIS 10.1

I have a shapefile called "household_points" of ~2,000 points, which are divided into about 100 sites. The shapefile has a field in the attribute table called "SNAME" and in the field each point is ...
6k views

### SQL to get points within a certain distance

I am new to using spatial data types in sql server. I have managed to create a column of Approx 50,0000 geometry points (from x,y data) and would like to find out which (count number of) points are ...
406 views

### Distance from waterways using SDC file?

I have an sdc file with water bodies, i.e. oceans-rivers-lakes. I want to combine it with a shapefile with the boundaries of countries all over the world and produce two measures: 1) The average ...
899 views

### finding a location on a line using a point and a relative distance with arcgis js api

The problem I'm trying to solve is to find a point on a line given another point on the same line and a distance from the same point. I've been looking on the various RouteTask examples but they ...
1k views

### Calculation of average point distances from one another within a polygon grid

I am working with processed LiDAR data of forested areas in ArcMap 10, with various area based statistics extracted for each 30x30m polygon grid-cell in a shapefile. There are approximately 20,000 of ...
2k views

### Correct use of the terms geographic, path, and Euclidean distance

I often use the terms geographic and Euclidean distance interchangeably when referring to the length of the shortest straight-line distance between two points on a map. Is this correct? I use the ...
2k views

### Does the Bing Maps API have a distance to coast service?

Does the Bing API contain a distance to coast service from an address? All we need to do is calculate the distance to a major coastline (Atlantic or Gulf of Mexico).
109 views

### QGIS 3.4 distance matrix returns the wrong point

I'm using Distance Matrix to find the closest point between one set (4 points) and another set (4 points), detailed below. All results look okay except one, where the returned point is not the closest....
233 views

### Calculating distances between closest points of each polygon

I would like to calculate the distances between the closest points of each polygon. I've tried using centroids and both distance matrix and distance to nearest hub, but since I'm relying on centroids, ...