Questions tagged [great-circle]

Any line bisecting the surface of a sphere into two equal halves.

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7
votes
3answers
2k views

great circles in QGIS and export in 3857 webmap

My plan is to visualize great circles in a leaflet webmap. So coming from this great postgis article and R version I thought it would work like this in QGIS: create line from two points, store ...
19
votes
3answers
4k views

Finding distance between two coordinates in ellipsoid?

I have two sets of latitude and longitude. How do I find the distance between the two locations if I assume the earth is a perfect ellipsoid (with an eccentricity of 0.0167)?
10
votes
2answers
9k views

Distance between lat/long points

I am attempting to calculate the distance between two latitude/longitude points. I have a piece of code that mostly works that I yanked from this post but I do not really understand how it works. ...
16
votes
5answers
25k views

Difference between Vincenty and great-circle distance calculations?

Python's geopy package features two distance measurements techniques: Great Circle and Vincenty's formulae. >>> from geopy.distance import great_circle >>> from geopy.distance ...
21
votes
6answers
14k views

What tools in Python are available for doing great circle distance + line creation?

I need to use Python to create a great circle distance -- both a number, and preferably some kind of 'curve' that I can use to draw in a client-side map. I don't care about the format of the curve -- ...
12
votes
1answer
3k views

Great-circle lines in Equirectangular projection

Just to check that I'm on the right track: Are all great-circles on the sphere and in equirectangular projection (i.e. latitude, longitude pairs) either: meridians (i.e. going pole to pole) of the ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

Making Great Circle Arcs which look good on Web Mercator map?

I'm trying to create a map, with data indicating some flights, and want to use Great Circle Arcs, to connect the source and destinations. Basically, I want to do something similar to the famous ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

WGS point to WGS line segment (great circle) distance

How would I go about resolving this in C#? I have a line segment (great circle distance) defined by two Lon-Lat pairs (call them points A and B). A third point somewhere on the Earth sphere. The ...
3
votes
1answer
7k views

How to determine vector between two lat/lon points

For all the math geniuses out there...given two lat/lon points (point A and point B), what is the simplest way to find the vector needed to reach point B from point A. For example, the vector needed ...
13
votes
4answers
660 views

Are long lines in shapefiles to be considered geodesics or straight lines in the 2D latlong space?

Is there a definition on how lines connect vertices in the shapefile format? In the simplest case, imagine a line with only 2 points, from 40,-118 to 40,-112 - that's somewhere random in the US - ...
4
votes
2answers
500 views

Moving dead ahead: rhumb line, great circle or none

I think I understand the whole rhumb line and great circle idea but I can't seem to find an answer on this question. Suppose I am driving a car (i don't use ship because I don't want to put the ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

How do I find the points of intersection between a small circle and a great circle?

I only actually need to intersect a great circle arc i.e. the shortest path between two points, with a given small circle. I found this tutorial for intersecting two great circle arcs, but ...
6
votes
0answers
2k views

How to prevent cross-world lines in ggplot world map?

I'm having issues displaying 'great circles' paths and polygons in ggmap, an extension of ggplot2. Please enter the following code to replicate my issues: https://gist.github.com/Robinlovelace/...
2
votes
1answer
682 views

Does PostGIS have a Vincenty Distance calculation?

I have compared some distance calculations between geopy and PostGIS ST_Distance_Sphere, and it seems that PostGIS ST_Distance uses a calculation that is similar to the great circle distance rather ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

How to calculate straight line distance from spherical distance

I have longtitude and lattitude coordinates of one point and spherical distance between this and another point on Earth in kilometers (the shortest distance over the earth’s surface). I need to ...
1
vote
2answers
916 views

Draw great circle rays from a single point along specific directions

How can I draw great circle rays starting from a single given point P (for example, from coordinate [34 N, 116 W] in this map) and along directions D1, D2, ... (for example, 30, 45 and 135 degrees) in ...
2
votes
1answer
325 views

Can I cross the dateline in CartoDB?

I've created a lovely route map in CartoDB, but one of the lines crosses the dateline (from Colorado to Guam, FWIW) and finds its way there by hitting the dateline north of Alaska, bouncing back ...
1
vote
1answer
648 views

Where to start with great circle maps in CartoDB?

I've pulled together a series of maps in R based on Nathan Yau's excellent Great Circles tutorial and a nice zipcode package The maps show how many people from many zip codes descended on a single zip ...