Questions tagged [hydrology]

The study of the movement, distribution, and quality of water on Earth and other planets, including the hydrologic cycle, water resources and environmental watershed sustainability.

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1answer
1k views

How to calculate “water accumulated in each cell” using QGis?

I create channel network and catchment area from a DEM with SAGA GIS. I know that flow is starting from a cell to an other cell. Firstly, a cell is filled with water and then it is starting to flow ...
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0answers
142 views

Hydropower Calculation

I have assigned the elevation and the volume flow to each point at a river (with v.to.db and v.what.rast). Now I want to calculate the Elevation difference between each pair of points and then ...
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1answer
768 views

Calculate River Runoff Volume (Q) with GRASS

I want to calculate Hydropower between points at a River. I already created a Rivernetwork and the Accumulationmap (without weighting) with r.watershed. My next Step was to set equivalent points along ...
5
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1answer
4k views

How to compute average slope and area-weighted average slope?

I am learning GIS for use in hydrologic analysis. Related to computation of overland flow there are two types of slope that I would like to be able to obtain from GIS. The first is average slope for ...
0
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1answer
123 views

Discrete waterpoints with GRASS [closed]

I've been working with GRASS GIS for about two months. I have to develop a method for the identification of target regions of small hydropower plants. Boundary conditions are a predetermined minimum ...
3
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0answers
502 views

ArcGIS - Flow Direction (Algorithm) [closed]

I am curious about the algorithm of Flow Direction in ArcGIS. Recently I am studying about Hidrology, and I have some questions regard to Flow Direction in GIS. The size of this cell is 100m x 100m, ...
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0answers
510 views

Simulating flood without flooding whole area and covering surface structures (with DEM)? [closed]

I have a high resolution DEM and want to do a flood simulation starting at a river. My hope is that the water runs into historical (now dry) river channels (in which I'm interested in) at first and ...
8
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2answers
370 views

Find headwater polygons

This is a follow up question to this question. I have a river network (multiline) and some drainage polygons (see picture below). My goal is to select only the headwater polygons (green). With John'...
2
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1answer
44 views

Is every cell in flowdirection draining towards an outlet

I have created a Flowdirection map in a defined catchment. I want to find out if every cell in my map is flowing towards the creek/outlet. Is there an easy way to do this? I have created the ...
3
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0answers
162 views

Extract representative slope profiles from hillslope polygons

With the help of the Whitebox Geospatial Analysis Tools I was able to easily extract hill slopes from a river network in combination with a flow direction map. Now I would like to extract ...
3
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1answer
283 views

Delination of half basins or hillslopes from a flow direction map or/and a stream network

I am using the GrassGIS r.stream.extract extension to delineate a stream network with the options 'mexp' (Montgomery exponent) and 'd8cut' (Use SFD above this threshold). It works perfect so far and ...
2
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2answers
766 views

Merge layers and fill gaps

I have 14 layers, which are polygons. They represent the channel of a river at different periods. I need to fill the gaps that exist once I overlay the polygons, but I can't change the properties of ...
2
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4answers
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Why input layers do not have the same grid extent in the processing, hydrological analysis?

I'm trying to generate the hydrological analysis using processing and I have already done some terrain processing using the DEM. In this moment, I'm working in he channel network but, when I assign ...
0
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1answer
197 views

Urban Hydrology Using With GIS

I'm researching how can I create a model urban floodplain depending on rainfall. And Which programme should I use? I want to show floodplain depending on temporal and spatial distribution on study ...
2
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1answer
203 views

Water feature growth

I have a water feature layer which includes rivers, lakes and streams. I want to create, essentially, a buffer of these features equal to that of a 50cm increase in elevation from its current boundary....
2
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1answer
2k views

QGIS SAGA Channel network error: Input layers do not have the same grid extent

I am trying to follow along with this exercise using my own DEM. I have done the first step, creating the catchment area, with no trouble. When I try to run the Channel network algorithm, however, I ...
1
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0answers
196 views

create a weight raster for a hydrology analysis

I determine affecting parameters of flood flow ( evaporation,vegetation,soil type, rainfall etc.). Then, I start to analysis using Arc Hydro. How do I relate among of affecting parameters? How can ...
0
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2answers
84 views

Are there publicly available run-off data for Africa?

I was wondering if there are good publicly available dataset for surface run-off (water)? I have a rough idea that surface run-off should be some function of rain-fall and soil infiltration/...
1
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2answers
133 views

Where can I find hydroelectric generation data for the U.S.?

It is my understanding that the US Army Corps of Engineers has some hydro generation data on their various websites (divisions, districts). For example, there is real-time hydro-electric data ...
3
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1answer
211 views

To make a map of sinkholes on grass gis

I would like to make a map of sinkholes. I have a DTM ARC/INFO ASCII GRID of Asiago Plateau and and I'm using grass gis. Does anyone know what is the correct form in grass gis?
2
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2answers
162 views

Are two rasters the same, including null values, in ArcGIS desktop?

I am working on a task to calculate Height Above Nearest Drainage (HAND) - that is the height above the nearest point along the flow path that is on a drainage - not the geographically nearest ...
2
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1answer
158 views

Aggregating river basins

I am not a hydrologist but am providing GIS infrastructure to our hydrology department which actually doesn't use GIS very much yet. Therefore I am asking for some hydrology related insights. Btw: We ...
4
votes
1answer
844 views

Horton Stream Ordering in ArcGIS?

Is there a way to order streams using the Horton (opposed to Horton-Strahler) method in ArcGIS (10.2.2)? I know the Stream Order tool allows you to use Strahler and Shreve.
11
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2answers
2k views

How to cartographically represent water flow?

I am modelling water flow on steep slopes for an erosion study. You can see from the screenshot the results from the ArcGIS-based flow analysis. To produce these flow lines, I generated a ...
7
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3answers
2k views

Is there hydrologically correct water-course data for Africa

I was wondering if there are any hydrologically correct river-channel data available for download for Africa? By hydrologically correct, I mean the topology should be correct. Connected river ...
1
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1answer
3k views

How to calculate the river slope for a lot of rivers automatically in ArcMap?

I'm working with ArcMap 10.2 and I'm pretty new in this area.. What I want to do is compute the river slope for a lot of rivers from a DTM...I know that there is a way to do it manually passing by ...
3
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1answer
726 views

Delineating large scale watershed?

I would like to do some watershed delineation at national/regional level (using SRTM-90 data). I have experimented with r.watershed (GRASS 6.4.3) but it fell over when I tried to do big stuff. I ...
5
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2answers
2k views

Calculating flowpaths downstream of a point

I am assessing the flood risk posed by pipeline failure. I need to calculate the likely flow-paths for flood water downstream of critical locations along the pipeline using GIS. I'm familiar with ...
3
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0answers
147 views

Seeking comprehensive descriptions of tools in QGIS, SAGA, Orfeo, etc. toolboxes? [closed]

There exists a large number of tools for QGIS (e.g. SAGA, GRASS, ORFEO etc.) - however none of these have sound description of the aim of the tool, the algorithm itself, differences to other similar ...
5
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1answer
2k views

Extracting flow accumulation to stream shapefile

I would like to create a shapefile that displays the flow accumulation for a given point in a stream channel. Is this possible? My client wants a map that shows the accumulated flow/catchment area ...
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1answer
2k views

How to derive stream order from vector network [duplicate]

I have a recently-updated extract from NHD High Resolution (updated in last 6 months) which means it hasn't been cranked through NHDPlus, and won't for many years to come, and thus has no Stream Order ...
1
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1answer
906 views

Using rainfall data (raster) as an input to determine stream lines in Arc Hydro?

I was wondering if it is possible to use rainfall data (raster) as an input to Arc Hydro for determining stream lines? I am learning Arc Hydo and have gone through a couple of tutorials. As far as I ...
0
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1answer
2k views

D8 algorithm to get the flow direction in ArcGIS

I am using ArcGIS 10 for the get the flow direction from DEM. I wonder about the algorithm they have used while calculating flow direction. It is mentioned there that it is using D8 model. D8 model ...
1
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1answer
172 views

Flow accumulation raster loading in QGIS 2.4.0 with null values (but flow direction loading ok!)

I have been tasked with creating an open-source hydrology dataset for a community group. To do this I have exported the flow direction and flow accumulation rasters from ArcMap as TIFF files and then ...
1
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1answer
3k views

Creating weight raster for flow accumulation in ArcGIS for Desktop?

I am studying flood flow using ArcGIS for Desktop. When creating flow accumulation in hydrology, there is a weight raster. However, İf you do not have it, the programme sets its value to 1 which is ...
5
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1answer
2k views

Generate channel network (rainwater run off) - which algorithm is the best?

I want to compute DEM for a whole country (cca 79 000 sqr. km) and I need to be hydrologically correct as much is possible. After, for this correct DEM I need to compute drainage lines of surface run-...
5
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1answer
1k views

Flow direction generated for river is incorrect

I am trying to generate a hydrologic model and I can not really proceed on the next processes. I have this problem on generating flow direction. I have already executed fill sinks and the next is flow ...
4
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1answer
3k views

Getting Negative Topographic Wetness Index (TWI) values in SAGA GIS?

I am getting negative topographic index wetness values in SAGA GIS - anyone else every get this? Not all negative values, but the minimum of the TWI range is negative for some steep watersheds we are ...
0
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2answers
569 views

r.topidx error: required parameter output not set

I'm calling GRASS r.topidx from QGIS 2.2.0. I can get other tools to work on the DTM, for example r.watershed. But r.topidx I get the Oops message: Oooops! The following output layers could not be ...
1
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2answers
216 views

Divide stream segment at specific point

I have a stream network and outlets as shown below. It is overlapped with outlet cells raster which I can use to get sub-watersheds but when I add an outlet (red color cell in current example) then ...
5
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4answers
804 views

What satellite imagery would help to show spring locations?

I've got lots of tiny streams on a hydrography shapefile. Historic texts indicate that certain ones have headwaters at "sources" or springs, and I want to try to find these. Browsing the historical ...
5
votes
1answer
6k views

How to assign correct flow direction to stream network polylines?

I would like to create a map showing the results of watershed analysis as well as the resulting stream network with flow direction. I have a stream network which has been created from the flow ...
0
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1answer
199 views

How are minor tributaries determined?

What are the criteria to determine if river A is a major or minor tributary to another River B? Is stream order the only deciding factor i.e. the highest order is the main stem, one less order is a ...
2
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1answer
1k views

Is there a SWAT model integration for QGIS?

I am trying to use SWAT (Soil and Water Assessment Tool) for watershed management activities. It is a set of commandline tools and needs a complex set of input data some of which can be generated from ...
-1
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1answer
249 views

Creating slope map in ArcMap?

I want o create one slope map for my model but I have one big problem. I have contours lines and mass points and I create a DEM using topo to raster but if I want to create a slope map from that DEM I ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

ToolBar icon images missing

very early build ~ zip file I am getting blank outputs for button images in a custom toolbar. Although the button information populates the dockable toolbar, they lack respective icons [see Fig.1] ...
0
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1answer
542 views

import parameters for r.watershed - (watershed basin analysis program) tool from grass using Qgis 2.2

I want to run this tool from Qgis 2.2 but i don't know how to use the PARAMETERS to run this tool. The red frame are the PARAMETERS I don't know. Can someone to tell me what those PARAMETERS are and ...
1
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1answer
4k views

How to indicate flow of a watershed feature?

While tracing and digitizing rivers, streams, rivulets, etc., is it possible to indicate the direction/flow in the shapefile on QGIS? I'd like to avoid using map labels. Ideally, when done tracing, I ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

How much precipitation must fall within a catchment area to fill up a sink’s entire volume assuming that the runoff conditions are perfect

I am performing an exercise and I need to answer these question, any hints would be extremely useful. How can it be calculated how much precipitation that must fall within a catchment area to fill up ...
18
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3answers
2k views

Account for bridge overpasses in a ground DEM to allow for water flow under the overpass

I have a bare earth DEM made from lidar data (A). It works well and has passed all accuracy tests. It is used in storm surge models. The problem we are having is on underpasses. I need to allow water ...