Questions tagged [hydrology]

The study of the movement, distribution, and quality of water on Earth and other planets, including the hydrologic cycle, water resources and environmental watershed sustainability.

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129 views

How to calculate stream order in GRASS 7.0.2?

I would like to calculate Strahler's and other stream hierarchy from my input raster but I am not sure how. This manual suggests tat I should use r.stream.order command, however in version 7.0.2 "...
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1answer
763 views

In hydrologic terrain analysis is there a difference between “pits”, “depressions”, and “sinks”?

In hydrologic terrain analysis is there a difference between "pits" and "depressions"? For instance, Planchon and Darboux (2002) state The usual numerical methods for removing the depressions of a ...
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2answers
198 views

How to calculate shortest distance from start to end of river?

How can I calculate the straight distance from the start to the end point of a river (red line in image)? I don't know how to do this automatically.
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1answer
289 views

How to define pour points from a stream network at a barrier for watershed calculations?

I'm looking for a way to check if cells from one raster file have contact or get close to cells from a second raster file. For example the blue raster is a barrier and the coloured is the flow ...
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1answer
127 views

Create a flow network from a flow direction ARC GIS

First, I created a flow_direction from a DEM, then I applied corrections to this flow direction. Now my question, how to create a flow network (order flow) from a flow direction, that I already ...
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1answer
410 views

Constructing LS factor for RUSLE without outliers using ArcGIS for Desktop?

I'm using the following formula in RUSLE via raster calculator to obtain a LS factor Power(Flowacc)*1/22.1,.4)*Power(sin(slope)*.01745/.09,1.4)*1.4 My expected outcome is a raster from 0 to ...
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1answer
222 views

Curve Number equation in ArcGIS Raster Calculator?

I have a floating point raster of Curve Numbers (70-91) and I'm attempting to use the curve number equation to create a weight raster for flow accumulation, to determine runoff for a single rainfall ...
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1answer
2k views

How to create an elevation profile in google earth from a kml?

I have a KML file of a stream that I originally created as a line shapefile in ArcMap (one stream extracted from a larger watershed data set). I need to create an elevation profile of this stream. ...
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1answer
5k views

Downloading Hec-GeoHMS for ArcGIS 10.3.1?

I can't download geohms from this link http://www.hec.usace.army.mil/software/hec-geohms/. Can anyone help me to get Hec-GeoHMS for ArcGIS 10.3.1? The doesnot responds and I could not get a Hec-...
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1answer
615 views

Issue with r.watershed run by QGIS-Python-processing.runalg

I would like to extract flow accumulation and flow direction layers from a DEM calling the grass r.watershed module from a QGIS-python script using the processing class. I obtain just an empty map, ...
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1answer
101 views

Cost Path based on Lowest Maximum Elevation Encountered

I am trying to locate the lowest elevation point at which a river will overtop its banks, and spill into lower-lying terrain behind them. I'm working in ArcMap version 10.2, and using a high-...
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3answers
2k views

Calculating average stream slope at each location along stream using ArcGIS Desktop?

I'm trying to calculate the time of concentration for every point along a stream network. To calculate the time of concentration, I need the upstream channel length and channel slope. I've been able ...
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1answer
352 views

Using the watershed tool with two pour points

I have two pour points in a stream network created using the flow accumulation methodology in ArcMap. When I use the watershed tool with this pour point shapefile, I get a watershed between these two ...
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1answer
58 views

Looking for data on river flow speeds

I'm looking for sources containing data on measured river flow speeds, any / all locations worldwide, in any format or language. Googling didn't help much.
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0answers
72 views

Dividing stream network of specified lengths in ArcGIS for Desktop? [closed]

we are trying to find hydro power potential of river basin by using ArcGis and SWAT ,we have created stream network ,but unable to divide stream network at 500mts interval, unable to find the tool
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1answer
1k views

Hydrological model building for flooding analysis [closed]

I am recently studying the topic in investigating the features of river and to perform flooding analysis. I got the elevation data, and I used the elevation data to generate streams in ArcGIS and I ...
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1answer
746 views

Calculating watershed using snap pour points?

I am trying to calculate a watershed layer and have followed instructions from this previous question: General steps to create watershed boundary in ArcGIS Spatial Analyst? I have combined all these ...
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1answer
279 views

How to delete obstacles (corduroy road) from DEM in ArcMap?

I have a DEM which looks like this: The narrow longish lift running from north to south is a corduroy road (hope this is the correct word for "planks which allow people to cross a mire without ...
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1answer
1k views

How is “Burn Stream Slope” in ArcHydro working?

I have a DEM with only small relief and many ditches. Because of the small relief, I can't calculate flowdirections for some parts of my DEM. I know that in reality water is flowing from west to east (...
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1answer
2k views

Calculating Flooded area / Inundation in ArcGIS for Desktop?

I was tasked to create a layer with the flooded areas if the sea / river level was to go up by X feet. There is no requirement to take Flow and Pour Points into account, just a simple raise in water ...
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2answers
156 views

How to plan preservation of wetland using a DEM and ArcMap?

I'm trying to plan a wetland preservation. This is the DEM I have: My aim is to hold as much rainwater as possible in my area of interest (red poly) by building (as few as possible) new and raising ...
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2answers
626 views

Get upstream sections of a network

Is there any extension to get all upstream sections of a polyline shapefile which represent an hydrographic network in QGIS? It could work like this: you choose a specific branch and a direction ...
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0answers
429 views

Why does the flow direction tool in ArcGIS desktop give wrong output (unique values from 1-255)?

I ran the flow direction in ArcGIS, and received unique values ranging from 1-255. I know that these values are wrong, and should be along the lines of 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, etc multiples. The DEM is ...
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2answers
792 views

Correcting Errors in Height Above Nearest Drainage (HAND) model

I have used this tread Spatial Analysis - Calculate a cells elevation (height) above the nearest stream cell to create a HAND map in ArcGIS. First I used the hydrology toolset to fill in sink in the ...
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0answers
298 views

Measuring river width every mile in Google Earth?

Given an area, can Google Earth tabulate the width of a particular river? This problem I think requires using an API to programmatically: define an area of interest identify a terrain feature like ...
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0answers
45 views

How to join hydrological data from a big area with a small area with better pixel resolution?

I use TAUDEM to make hydrologic analysis. I have a hidro 1K dem file from South America (big area) pixel resolution=1000x1000 meters. I have a specific dem file located in Brazil (small area) pixel ...
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1answer
145 views

Connectivity of Streams

I have a line vector layer containing streams (see image below). What is the easiest approach to determine the connectivity of each stream segment (eg. sum of upstream nodes)?
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1answer
981 views

How can I select all streams downstream of a polygon

I have an ordered stream network and I want to select all stream features that contain water that has come from a certain area. To start with I'm running a select by location query to find all stream ...
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4answers
1k views

Identifying highs on DEM using ArcGIS Spatial Analyst?

I have a DEM and I want to find each hill and create a polygon for its area, effectively the out closed contour that encloses the hill. I can do this visually but I'm about to work on a larger area so ...
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1answer
418 views

Batch processing Surface volume calculation in ArcMap?

I'm trying to collect the 2D area, 3D area and volume of a given basin at 0.5 meter increment in plane height, but since I want to graph the relationship between plane height and the areas and volume, ...
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1answer
221 views

reading GRASS vector map in python

I know similar questions have been asked several times, but none of the solutions seems suitable for my problem or don't work.. I computed flowlines using the r.flow tool from GRASS GIS, then I ...
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1answer
289 views

How do I find out the sea levels?

I have following elevation data of a region (the higher the altitude, the brigher the points): How can I find out, which areas are filled by water, and which not? Can I assume that if the elevation ...
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3answers
477 views

Ways to determine winding topographic characteristics of a river

Are there any methods and/or technical guides on how to classify the degree of winding of river bodies? I have the following polygon layer of roughly 100,000 water bodies and would like to write an ...
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1answer
144 views

Watershed Tool Straight Edge Problem

I'm trying to accurately delineate a watershed into sub-basins using dams as pour points. I'm using the hydrology toolset, but I can't seem to get rid of straight edges that are along some of the ...
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1answer
825 views

How to run a tool from Whitebox GAT in ArcGIS?

I have a series of tools that I need to run in ArcGIS to hydrologically condition my DEM, but the first step in this process is running the Breach Depressions tool from Whitebox GAT (I have found that ...
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0answers
117 views

Automatically selecting main rivers of very branched river network using Arc Hydro? [closed]

I'm using ArcGIS 10.1 for Desktop and Arc Hydro. Is there any way to automatically select the main rivers of a very branched river network?
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0answers
720 views

How can we extract the stream order branch?

Actually I am new to GIS, so I don't know much about technical terminology. I have extracted a river network but now have a problem in distinguishing the branch order of stream (from order 1 to 2, 2 ...
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0answers
219 views

SAGA hydrological analysis in QGIS 2.8 on Mac

I am running QGIS 2.8 on a Mac machine and I want to calculate the catchment area using SAGA - Catchment Area. It starts running but after a while when QGIS wants to open the generated files there is ...
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1answer
1k views

Automatically generating pour points along stream network?

The following screenshot shows the results of a water flow analysis where I identified stream order via the Strahler method in ArcGIS. Now I need to generate watersheds for 2nd order streams and ...
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0answers
101 views

Hydrology Analysis via SAGA - what is the unit? [closed]

I did a couple of analysis via SAGA about an area in Iceland...I've never worked with SAGA before, could anyone tell me what Units the numbers in the legends for "Catchment Area Recursive" and "...
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0answers
490 views

Problem in running r.sim.water

I am trying to run the r.sim.water in GRASS. I have calculated the partial derivatives dx and dy rater map using r.slope.aspect. I am using this elevation map [1] to get the time-series depth map. But ...
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1answer
870 views

Watersheds tool does not create watersheds in ArcMap?

I`m trying to create watersheds and every time I run the Watershed tool, the result will be very interesting. I use snap raster and I set the extent of the output to the extent of the flow direction ...
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2answers
207 views

How to calculate the impact and extent of damage of a potential tailings dam breach with ArcGIS?

I would like to be able to delineate an approximate area of a potential tailings dam breach for an emergency response plan purposes. The tailins dam and pond have not yet been built. The data I have:...
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1answer
511 views

Does this ArcGIS flow accumulation example have an error?

The lower right corner of the flow accumulation example in ArcGIS Desktop's documentation has a flow accumulation value of 2. However, I only see one cell flowing into the lower right corner (the ...
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0answers
158 views

ArcGIS 10 restricted WEIGHTED Flow Accumulation [closed]

I have a question very similar to one asked by wxfox4god on 12th June 2013 ("Arcmap 10 restrict Flow Accumulation") that was answered by whuber. (I have had to post it as a new question as I do not ...
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1answer
2k views

Evapotranspiration in Modis

I need the Evapotranspiration data for my study (The study area is located in Australia). Somebody told me maybe I can use MOD 16 MODIS actual ET estimates. I could not find this data on earth ...
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1answer
95 views

NDVI for natural region

I have remote sensing data which I have got from landsat 7. The area which I am working on is combination of farms and natural area (Bare earth; without any vegetation). I want to estimate the ...
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4answers
452 views

Mapping UK river gauges / stations

Do you know a way to map all the river gauges / stations in UK? I found some data from the Environment Agency but it lacks of the longitude and latitude.
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1answer
495 views

How do I export a line shapefile from a network downstream from a point in ArcGIS 10.1?

I'm using the National Hydrological Dataset's flow lines to trace downstream movement of water is a freshwater diversion from the Mississippi river in Louisiana. I've gotten the trace to run using ...
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0answers
168 views

Open-source tools for run-off depth calculation

I am working on modeling surface run-off (in ArcGIS 10.2) due to a rain event (e.g., 5 year rain for a duration of 30 mins.) over an approx. area of 30 km2 for which I have a DEM and necessary soil as ...