Use arcpy and check each row of the table using da.SearchCursor and list ObjectIDs of the rows matching your condition. Then select using the list. Adjust and execute in python window:
layer = 'somelayeraddedtothemap' #Change
field_to_check = 'somefield' #Change
oidfield = arcpy.Describe(layer).OIDFieldName #What is the oid fieldname
You can't load those layers in ArcGIS.
The "layers" are provided as a Web Map Service,
meaning you only get the image of where the data is located and the actual vector data which is available for purchase in SOI's (Mapi) website.
You can try and ask someone there if the data is available trhough WMS/WFS as well, which will enable you to open the layer as ...
1) is just the value itself and 2) is just the stats/histogram break down into 100 bins. You can do this any number of ways (ex. use the classifier in the symbology tab>Quantities>Graduated colors).
So it sounds like #3 is really the heart of your question. A word of warning, this method will create a lot of files, so it would be helpful to build in a ...