tl;dr; The performance of all basemaps from arcgis.com inside ArcMap will pretty much be equal.
The basemaps you reference all come from the same cloud infrastructure and show the same thing: static images. (png, jpg, etc).
In short, the only potential performance difference you may encounter is how long it takes to download the cached tiles of one ...
Coming from a remote area with slow and often spotty internet, I have found that it is necessary to set the dataframe coordinate system to WGS 1984 Web Mercator (auxiliary sphere) when using an ArcGIS Online basemap.
Be warned - the basemap loads quickly, but it appears the measure tool does not give accurate measurements when using this coordinate system.
The best resource I've found that can provide an idea of performance and ways to assist is Esri's Technical Guide to Map Service Drawing behaviors of the map service
Basemap layers and map services use a high-performance drawing engine to achieve better performance and drawing quality. This drawing engine provides excellent performance for all supported ...
Give this a try (from a GeoNet post)
Open internet explorer and got to the tools, click on internet options, then Connections then LAN Settings. Uncheck the option that says Automatically detect settings. Basically the problem was that the basemap was searching for the host site through all my local networks and unchecking this option bypasses that.
You can't change that basemap, but there are localized alternatives. See this blog for a list of localized basemaps.
You'll notice in the blog, Brazilian Portuguese is available, with the Light Grey basemap. Note, these are VectorTile basemaps, not a "map service" like you reference. If you're working strictly in ArcGIS Online and webmaps there, it wont be ...
At GeoNet I found a solution from rleclair-esristaff which was written for an earlier version of ArcGIS Pro:
In Pro, it will "update basemap." To get around this, go to the
Project Pane, click Portal, click the cloud icon and search for a new
basemap - USA_Topo_Maps for example and add it to the current map.
Now you have two basemaps.
I have been ...
You could try GoogleBasemaps for ArcMap which seems to provide:
HD Google Maps
HD Google Satellite
Google Live Traffic
However, I am not sure whether this service is legal - see https://community.esri.com/ideas/2713?commentID=70216#comment-70216 which says:
I confirmed with a Google employee that www.hdgooglebasemaps.com ...
This question appears to have resurfaced so it is worth adding an updated answer.
Adding ArcGIS imagery and mapping is now easy in QGIS 3.x and you can add these services through the add data dialogue.
Navigate to the ESRI REST services directory: http://server.arcgisonline.com/arcgis/rest/services
Copy the link location for whatever link you're ...