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Federal Information Processing Standard is a standardized set of codes in the United States to ensure uniform identification of geographic entities such as counties

FIPS codes (originally Federal Information Processing Standards codes, now renamed to Federal Information Processing Series codes) are a standardized set of numeric or alphabetic codes issued by the US National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST to ensure uniform identification of geographic entities through all federal government agencies. Examples of FIPS Codes for geographical areas include FIPS 10-4 for country or region codes, FIPS 5-2 for US state codes, or FIPS 55-3 for cities, towns, and villages, or other population centers in the United States. The standards have since been withdrawn by NIST and are being replaced with other standards, like the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Codes and the GNIS Feature ID.

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