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Python is an open source interpreted programming language used in many GIS programs.

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Python is a dynamic and strongly typed general purpose programming language. It has an extensive standard library and a community-run index of third-party packages: PyPI. The language is free and open source, even for commercial use; its license is managed by the Python Software Foundation.

Python's use in GIS goes back to about 2000 with the development of Python bindings for GDAL and AVPython.

There are additional questions and answers on StackOverlow python's tag for Q&A about python outside of GIS. There could be some related to GIS but they should most likely be moved over to GIS.

Code Language (used for syntax highlighting): lang-py