There are 13 multi-state US Census' ZIP Code Tabulation Areas (ZCTAs): 02861, 42223, 59221, 63673, 71749, 73949, 81137, 84536, 86044, 86515, 88063, 89439 & 97635.
As others have mentioned, there are a few different ways to figure out the area covered by a ZIP Code, but ZCTAs are the easiest, and the only official version that I know of.
So your ...
I don't know which projection engine ArcGis uses, but a very interesting question also for proj.4. So I give it a try to test the proj.4 projection engine within the GNU-R environment. I use the NAD 83 - UTM 17 corners and EPSG 26917 and reproject it 10000 and 1000000 times recursivly and calculate the difference to the start values.
Here are the results:
The Albers equal area conic is the typical projection for historical USGS maps of the lower 48, it being a general-purpose low-distortion compromise for mid-latitude short and wide extents.
As a reference on map projections, I like the ESRI book Understanding Map Projections. Its first 30 pages are not unlike a short textbook, followed by ~70 pages of ...
Attempt to answer my own question:
The cause of striping in the examples I provided are entirely due to my workflow, not any legacy issue with how the data was originally assembled or mosaiced together. The DEMs I was dealing with were all generated from newer techniques, as evidenced by this map:
The two methods that cover the areas I was working with ...
There are some free applications that let you try and play with projections.
They also indicate to what extend they preserve size, shape or direction. Depending on you application a different priority might be set. For instance if I had to map an areal phenomenon like e.g. certain species habitat zones I'd prefer a projection that ...
These are Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) state codes, and the ones you mention are missing because, from the wiki:
"certain numeric codes "are reserved for possible future use in identifying American Samoa (03), Canal Zone (07), Guam (14), Puerto Rico (43), and Virgin Islands (52)", but these codes were omitted from FIPS PUB 5-2 without ...
In my experience, it usually means what you think it means: a range of address numbers. I've also seen it used as a way of writing an apartment or suite number, so 136-39 37 AVE would be 136 37th Ave, Apt. 39, and 1221-102 CANYON ROCK CT would be 1221 Canyon Rock Ct, Apt. 102. It's not a very good way to denote an apartment/room/suite number but I've seen it ...
This was down a bit in the comments at the link you provided:
SF uses State Plane, NAD 83, Zone 3, US Survey Feet. This coordinate system is used vs lat/longs as they have greater accuracy for smaller areas. We are looking at ways to convert this to lat/long to make it easier for consumers to use.
There really isn't a way to tell this; since there is not a ZipCode boundary shape that is defined by the USPS. ZipCodes are defined by a bounding box of Streets delivered to by carriers from a particular distribution center. So you would need to take the USPS AIS data and extract by ZipCodes the streets that are delivered by a given Post Office, then Join ...
I found something closer to what I was looking for (US State and County boundaries) on github: https://github.com/johan/world.geo.json/tree/master/countries/USA
The features are very generalized/simplified, but they'll work for a national scale map. Country boundaries for the whole world are available in this repo too.
GEOID is the field used to join TIGER/Line geographic data to the demographic data in various American Community Survey products and in the Decennial Census. It is slightly confused by the fact that this field is called GEOID10 only in the TIGER/Line 2010 products (in fact, almost all of the field names in TIGER/Line 2010 end in 10), and by the fact that the ...
ESRI has defined three projections especially for the contiguos United states. These are included in QGIS as well:
+proj=aea +lat_1=29.5 +lat_2=45.5 +lat_0=37.5 +lon_0=-96 +x_0=0 +y_0=0 +datum=NAD83 +units=m +no_defs
+proj=lcc +lat_1=33 +lat_2=45 +lat_0=39 ...
You can download NED data for entire counties and also entire states (though I've never needed an entire state) using the National Map Viewer, click the "Download Data" button in the upper-right, then choose Counties or States as your reference area, click the county/state you're interested in, and a list of (usually just one) search result pops up on the ...
My guess is that
which are decimal degrees lat and long, or
55° 49' 31.3" N and 130° 49' 51.3" W in deg-min-sec,
located somewhere in the Alaska panhandle.
I am not aware of any free source of shapefiles for pipelines. PHMSA's National Pipeline Mapping System (NPMS) does provide a viewer but it doesn't allow data to be downloaded. NPMS data can only be viewed one county at a time which is rather hard to use. NPMS data consists of gas transmission pipelines and hazardous liquid trunklines. It does not contain ...
Get a zip-code boundary layer and run Polygon Neighbors. Review How Polygon Neighbors Works and Up-To-Date Zip-Code Boundaries
Picture below might be different than your ArcMap looks, but the buttons and procedure should be the same.
Perhaps this is an open-source solution. I have not tested or used this solution which seems to require GRASS 6+ : from the ...
I just checked my old National Atlas bookmark and was redirected not to the National Map Viewer, but to the National Map's Small Scale data page. There are 197 datasets available for download there, to my eyes it looks like it's the same data that was available at the old National Atlas page and they just moved it to the new URL. Are you not being forwarded ...
There is more than one source depending on the area of interest around the globe.
Google Maps is the terrain layer, which provides a shaded relief (aka
hillshade) view of the topography derived from a digital elevation
model. Google has done a nice job generating a visually pleasing
terrain layer, and we use it for all of our Google Maps-based
I worked on updating some USGS quads, back in the 90s. It seemed like most of the style guidelines were published internally, long before the Internet, and never made it online.
It's fairly common to show two sets of State Plane Coordinate System grid tics on quadrangles that are near a boundary between two zones. With UTM zones, it isn't such a big ...
I poked around on the State of Hawaii GIS site but most of the layers were too general or too old.
The NOAA Coastal Services Center has some Landsat ETM derived land-cover data for Hawaii. There's also some 2.4m Quickbird-derived land-cover data for all islands except the Big Island.
Hope that helps!
Another USGS site is seamless.usgs.gov, been using that for years now. In the Download tab, select the NED version you want, then draw your area to download using the tool from the Downloads toolbar on the left. There are other methods of extracting areas as well in that toolbar. You can get GeoTiff or binary grids.
Another option is bulk download, where ...
This data layer type is not usually freely distributed because:
Privately owned (utility company)
May not be in digital format
If you want to see a general data model, check out the ArcGIS Pipeline Data Model.
The US Census Bureau derives approximate boundaries for ZIP codes based on the addresses contained within them, called ZIP Code Tabulation Areas (ZCTAs).
They publish relationship files that describe how their ZCTAs map to various other geographies. If you examine the ZCTA to Place relationship file you can see how they map to cities and towns. You can ...
One could use either kind of latitude to locate points on the WGS 84 ellipsoid (used by the NED) or any other ellipsoid, but "everybody knows" that the values will always be given as geodetic latitudes. However, it is surprisingly hard to find an authoritative statement to that effect!
Before we go on, it helps to understand that although a datum like the ...
I bet it may be the slight discrepancy between Esri's WKT definition of 26915 and the OGC WKT version. I think the only real difference is in the name (NAD83 / UTM zone 15N vs NAD_1983_UTM_Zone_15N). You could try making a copy of the shapefile, then replace the PRJ file text with the Esri version linked above.