In the user interface of QGIS I have the option to draw lines with the "Advances Digitizing tool", where I can enter coordinates of a point to set the first vertex. To set the second vertex I can now enter the angle and distance and the "Advances Digitizing Tool" sets the point automatically with the fitting coordinates.

Is it possible to do the same thing using PyQGIS? Drawing a line not from a list of points, but from one point, angle and distance? (I'm a total beginner using PyQGIS.)

  • Cartesian trigonometry would cover this easily for an projected coordinate reference system. For a geographic coordinate system, I'd recommend using a geodesic library which implements the Forward (aka Direct) problem of geodesy.
    – Vince
    Aug 12, 2022 at 13:32

1 Answer 1


This function will create a new point based on: distance (meters), azimuth (degrees) and the starting point start_QgsPoint which is qgis.core.QgsPoint class. Then you can connect the coordinates into a line. This only works with projected coordinate systems.

def new_point_by_distance_and_azimuth(start_QgsPoint, distance, azimuth):
    start_x, start_y = start_QgsPoint.x(), start_QgsPoint.y()
    azimuth_radians = math.radians(azimuth)
    new_x = start_x + distance * math.cos(azimuth_radians)
    new_y = start_y + distance * math.sin(azimuth_radians)
    return qgis.core.QgsPointXY(new_x, new_y)
  • 2
    You should add a caveat: This only works with projected coordinate systems
    – Vince
    Aug 12, 2022 at 13:34
  • Please, I have same problem, but I can't understadn how to do. If I have start point lon/lat in DEGREES (wgs84) and distance in METERS, how to solve addition?
    – Marco
    Mar 7, 2023 at 11:27
  • @Marco First you have to reproject the data. Mar 7, 2023 at 11:54
  • tank you @ComradeChe, should you give me a little suggestion how to do that in pytthon? I'm quite newby and ithis is my problem (I can't find any precise istuction)
    – Marco
    Mar 7, 2023 at 13:37
  • @Marco Try this: gis.stackexchange.com/questions/316002/… Mar 7, 2023 at 15:32

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