I am looking for the equivalent of CORINE land cover data sets (100 meters) for the rest of the world; not merely urban areas but any area in general. I see sousa's question unanswered so I thought I will ask again.
The only high resolution global land cover that I know is the one done by the PR of China. In Europe they seemed to use CORINE as an ancillary data, so it is difficult to judge the consistency accross the world, but it has a spatial resolution of 30 m.
You also have the ESA dataset at 300 m.
And for thematic datasets there are the global forest Watch (30m) and the PALSAR forest/non forest (25 m).
The FAO released the GLC-Share which provides a set of major thematic land cover layers resulting by a combination of “best available” high resolution national, regional and/or sub-national land cover databases. Metadata and download link here:
Remind that both this, and the Chinese product are mainly land-cover and not land-use.
The Global Land Cover 2000 (GLC2000) dataset from the EC-JRC might also be a useful reference landcover dataset, even if it is a little dated now...